The Supreme Court ruled that it had no power to force state governors to extradite accused persons from their states, a decision that lasted until 1987.
A free black Ohioan helped a Kentucky slave escape to Ohio. The Kentucky governor asked two Ohio governors, first Salmon P. Chase then William Dennison, to extradite the Ohioan to Kentucky to stand trial for violating the fugitive slave laws, but both refused. The Kentucky governor sued Dennison under the Supreme Court’s original jurisdiction involving suits between two states. Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney
Scott v. Sandford
Taney, Roger Brooke