• Last updated on November 11, 2022

The Supreme Court upheld a state reapportionment plan based on a strict racial quota.

Justice Byron R. WhiteWhite, Byron R.;United Jewish Organizations of Williamsburgh v. Carey[United Jewish Organizations of Williamsburgh v. Carey] wrote the opinion for the 7-1 majority, upholding a New York state reapportionment scheme based explicitly on racial quotas. This scheme was required to obtain the U.S. attorney general’s approval under the 1965 Voting Rights Act, but it required splitting a Hasidic Jewish community, which sued, alleging essentially reverse discrimination. The Supreme Court rejected its claim. Justice Thurgood Marshall did not participate, and Chief Justice Warren E. Burger dissented strongly, rejecting any use of racial quotas in reapportionment.Reapportionment;United Jewish Organizations of Williamsburgh v. Carey[United Jewish Organizations of Williamsburgh v. Carey]

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