Authors: A. N. Wilson

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

English novelist and critic

Author Works

Long Fiction:

The Sweets of Pimlico, 1977

Unguarded Hours, 1978

Kindly Light, 1979

The Healing Art, 1980

Who Was Oswald Fish?, 1981

Wise Virgin, 1982

Scandal, 1983

Gentlemen in England, 1985

Love Unknown, 1986

Incline Our Hearts, 1988

A Bottle in the Smoke, 1990

Daughters of Albion, 1991

The Vicar of Sorrows, 1993

Hearing Voices, 1995

A Watch in the Night: Being the Conclusion of the Lampitt Chronicles, 1996

Dream Children, 1998

Nonfiction:

The Laird of Abbotsford: A View of Sir Walter Scott, 1980

The Life of John Milton, 1983

Hilaire Belloc, 1984

How Can We Know?, 1985

Pen Friends from Porlock, 1988

Tolstoy, 1988

Eminent Victorians, 1989

C. S. Lewis, 1990

Jesus, 1992

The Rise and Fall of the House of Windsor, 1993

Paul: The Mind of the Apostle, 1997

God’s Funeral: The Decline of Faith in Western Civilization, 1999

Children’s/Young Adult Literature:

Stray, 1987

The Tabitha Stories, 1988

Hazel the Guinea Pig, 1989

Edited Texts:

The Faber Book of Church and Clergy, 1992

The Faber Book of London, 1993

Biography

The British have had a long and distinguished line of satirical novelists intent upon putting society in its place. It began almost as soon as the novel in the works of Henry Fielding in the eighteenth century, continues in the works of Tobias Smollett, and was carried on in the novels of Charles Dickens. This tradition reached its most elegant expression in the early twentieth century with Evelyn Waugh, who has been succeeded first by Kingsley Amis and second by Andrew Norman Wilson. Wilson carries on the tradition within a much wider career as scholar, essayist, social critic, and sometime religious commentator.{$I[AN]9810000774}{$I[A]Wilson, A. N.}{$I[geo]ENGLAND;Wilson, A. N.}{$I[tim]1950;Wilson, A. N.}

Wilson’s wittily jaundiced eye for the middle to the upper classes of Britain is consistent with his own social background. He was educated at the lower-school level at one of the great English public schools, Rugby School, and went on from there to New College, Oxford. He was a prizewinning student and has had a career as an academic at Oxford University. He has also been rewarded for his literary work, winning the John Llewelyn Rhys Memorial Prize in 1978 for The Sweets of Pimlico and in 1980 for The Laird of Abbotsford, the Somerset Maugham Award and the Arts Council National Book Award in 1981 for The Healing Art, the W. H. Smith Annual Literary Award in 1983 for Wise Virgin, and the Whitbread Prize for Best Biography for Tolstoy. Wilson is a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. He is married and has two daughters.

Wilson is also a public personality, partly because of his further career as a journalist, writing for the quality press of England. He has had a long association with The Spectator, the conservative weekly journal of political comment, literary review, and social attack, often of a scurrilously witty stamp. Indeed, it is necessary to understand a peculiar mark of social satire in that it is not necessarily confined to writing of a liberal or leftish bent and can often be at its best in the hands of writers who espouse old social structures and old social values. Jonathan Swift was not a liberal, but he was devastatingly sensitive to the excesses of his society. Wilson, if less powerful than Swift, has strong inclinations to looking upon society as debased and sloppy in its political leanings to the left, but he is also aware of how badly responsible aspects of conservative power misuse their opportunities. A novel such as The Healing Art exposes, with mordant wittiness, the slipshod irresponsibilities of the medical profession, and Scandal looks balefully at the immodest and often stupid behavior of politicians.

Wilson has never been simply one kind of novelist. The early novel The Sweets of Pimlico is hardly satiric at all although it deals with upper-middle-class social life in the center of London. It has a kind of offbeat comic zaniness about it which might have been taken as the beginning of an exclusively comic career, and his two religious novels, Unguarded Hours and Kindly Light (which ought to be read as one), if touched with a scrupulously detailed awareness of the shambles of modern Christianity, are so cheerfully forgiving that the satire might well be missed without too much damage. Wilson also uses black comedy as in Wise Virgin, in which an irascible blind scholar gets what he deserves for being an emotional thug, but in The Healing Art that inclination to run a sick joke into the ground is distinctly unpleasant and upsetting. What is always a pleasure is the way in which he brings his enthusiasms into his art. His deep affection for Anglicanism as it used to be, his general concern for the failing Christian church can produce a sensitive, sensible discussion in How Can We Know? or can be made an integral part of his deliberately old-fashioned fake Victorian work, Gentlemen in England, which is a fond re-creation of London life in the 1870’s, historically accurate and stylistically as bloated as a Victorian sofa.

Scandal and Love Unknown have that easy, sophisticated capacity to scent out the fools and villains of the English class system, but his 1988 novel, Incline Our Hearts, setting out to look like a satire on the misery which the affluent English impose on their children by sending them away to school, turns into a tale of Doppelgänger intrigue in which the narrator begins to explore the nature of his real personality. Wilson returned to this set of characters, with more emotional development, in A Bottle in the Smoke, Daughters of Albion, Hearing Voices, and A Watch in the Night, a series he terms the Lampitt Chronicles. The focal character, Julian Ramsey, makes his way through prep school, public school, the National Service, and ultimately becomes an actor over a time span reaching from the 1930’s to the early twenty-first century. Wilson’s other novels of this period, Dream Children and The Vicar of Sorrows, are more intensively serious. The first deals with pedophilia, portraying the sexual relationship of an adult philosopher and a prepubescent girl, while the second deals with the crisis of faith faced by a married Anglican clergyman after his mother dies and he falls in love with a New Age traveller.

Wilson is also a critic but not a pedant. His essays on literature and his critical biographies fall into a civilized area between the popular works of oversimplification and the barbarisms of academic footnoting and hairsplitting. His conservatism reveals itself as a generous civility tempered by a sense that he would not suffer fools gladly. He would, however, address them with gentlemanly fastidiousness and style.

BibliographyAtlas, James. “‘A Busy, Busy Wasp.’” The New York Times Magazine, October 18, 1992, pp. 34-40. A profile presaging Wilson’s Jesus.CSL: The Bulletin of the New York C. S. Lewis Society 10, no. 8/9 (June/July, 1990): 1-16. Introduction is by Jerry L. Daniel, and articles are by John Fitzpatrick, George Sayer, and Eugene McGovern. The entire issue is devoted to reviews of Wilson’s 1990 biography of C. S. Lewis, which are mostly unfavorable because of disagreement with his biographical approach and speculative interpretation.Landrum, David W. “Is There Life After Jesus? Spiritual Perception in A. N. Wilson’s The Vicar of Sorrows.” Christianity and Literature 44 (Spring/Summer, 1995): 359-368. A discussion of Wilson’s first novel after he declared his unbelief in Christianity. Wilson deals much more seriously here with the problem of evil and other difficult religious questions than in his other fiction.Weales, Gerald. “Jesus Who?” The Gettysburg Review 6, no. 4 (Autumn, 1993): 688-696. A comparison of Gore Vidal’s treatment of Christ in his novel Live from Golgotha (1992) to Wilson’s treatment of Christ in Jesus.Weinberg, Jacob. “A. N. Wilson: Prolific to a Fault.” Newsweek 112(September 13, 1988): 75. A short but well-written essay, interspersed with comments by Wilson, on his novels and biographies. Also concerns Wilson as a “Young Fogey,” a term used to describe young members of the Conservative party in England.Wolfe, Gregory. “Off Center, on Target.” Chronicles 10, no. 10 (1986): 35-36. Wolfe’s essay concerns Wilson’s affinities with Evelyn Waugh, particularly in terms of their style and in their perspectives on Western Christianity. Sees Wilson as in the tradition of P. G. Wodehouse, who epitomized the light comic novel, but in Wilson’s hands that novel becomes a vehicle for satire and social criticism.
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