Authors: Alexandre Dumas, fils

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

French playwright and novelist

Author Works

Drama:

Le Bijou de la reine, wr. 1845, pr. 1855

La Dame aux camélias, pr., pb. 1852 (Camille, 1856)

Diane de Lys, pb. 1852

Le Demimonde, pr., pb. 1855 (The Demi-Monde, 1858)

La Question d’argent, pr., pb. 1857 (The Money-Question, 1915)

Le Fils naturel, pr., pb. 1858 (The Natural Son, 1879)

Un Père prodigue, pr., pb. 1859

L’Ami des femmes, pr., pb. 1864 (The Woman’s Friend, 1928)

Les Idées de Madame Aubray, pr., pb. 1867 (Madame Aubray’s Ideas, 1931)

Théâtre complet, pb. 1868-1898 (8 volumes)

Une Visite de noces, pr., pb. 1871

La Princesse Georges, pr. 1871 (Princess George, 1881)

La Femme de Claude, pr., pb. 1873 (The Wife of Claude, 1905)

Monsieur Alphonse, pr. 1873 (English translation, 1886)

L’Étrangère, pr. 1876 (The Foreigner, 1881)

La Princesse de Baghdad, pr., pb. 1881

Denise, pr., pb. 1885 (English translation, 1885)

Francillon, pr., pb. 1887 (English translation, 1893)

Théâtre complet: Théâtre des autres, pb. 1894-1895 (2 volumes)

Long Fiction:

Aventures de quatre femmes et d’un perroquet, 1846-1847 (6 volumes)

Césarine, 1848

La Dame aux camélias, 1848 (2 volumes; Camille, 1857)

Le Docteur Servans, 1848-1849 (2 volumes)

Antoine, 1849 (2 volumes)

Trois Hommes forts, 1850 (4 volumes; Three Strong Men, 1878)

Diane de Lys, 1851 (3 volumes)

Le Régent Mustel, 1852 (2 volumes)

La Dame aux perles, 1853 (4 volumes; Annette: Or, The Lady of the Pearls, 1891)

Un Cas de rupture, 1854

L’Affaire Clémenceau: Mémoire de l’accusé, 1866 (The Clemenceau Case, 1890)

Short Fiction:

Contes et nouvelles, 1853

Poetry:

Péchés de jeunesse, 1847

Nonfiction:

L’Homme-femme, 1872 (Man-Woman: Or, The Hearth, the Street, 1873)

Entr’actes, 1878-1879 (3 volumes)

Les Femmes qui tuent et les femmes qui votent, 1880

Noveau entr’actes, 1890

Biography

Illegitimate son of the famous quadroon novelist and a Belgian dressmaker, the younger Alexander Dumas (dyew-mah) was born in Paris on July 27, 1824. Though Dumas fils (fees), or son, inherited the artistic skills of his dissipated father, he was temperamentally more attuned to his sensible mother. Responding to his father’s financial reverses, Dumas began his own literary career. He published a book of poems in 1847, followed the next year by a novel, Camille. He quickly adapted his sentimental but highly moralistic novel into one of the most successful plays of all time.{$I[AN]9810000559}{$I[A]Dumas, Alexandre, fils}{$I[geo]FRANCE;Dumas, Alexandre, fils}{$I[tim]1824;Dumas, Alexandre, fils}

Although Dumas became a rich man through sixteen skillfully constructed and polished plays, featuring such famous performers as Sarah Bernhardt, he is remembered today almost entirely for Camille. Its heroine, a courtesan redeemed by true love and early death, was modeled after a woman he himself had loved briefly but intensely. In sympathetically portraying a tragic outcast, even while upholding the standards she defied, Dumas earned a place as a pioneer writer of problem plays. A stage vehicle for the most famous actresses of the last half of the nineteenth century, Camille became an early film role for Alla Nazimova, Lillian Gish, and, most notably, Greta Garbo. Giuseppe Verdi’s operatic version, La Traviata (1835), is even better known. Dumas died in Paris at the age of seventy-one.

BibliographyArvin, Neil C. Alexandre Dumas fils. Paris: Les Presses Universitaires de France, 1939.Ceccatty, René de. “La Dame aux camélias”: Théâtre d’après le roman d’Alexandre Dumas fils. Paris: Seuil, 2000.Garrett-Groag, Lillian. The Ladies of the Camellias. New York: Dramatists Play Service, 1996. An examination of Dumas’s Camille and the actresses who starred in this play.Gheorghiu, Octavian. Les Romans de Dumas fils. Paris: Les Presses Universitaires de France, 1935.Mattews, Brander. French Dramatists of the Nineteenth Century. 3d ed. New York: B. Blom, 1968.Maurois, André. The Titans: A Three-Generation Biography of the Dumas. Translated by Gerard Hopkins. 1957. Reprint. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1971.Saunders, Edith Alice. The Prodigal Father: Dumas père et fils and the Lady of the Camellias. New York: Longmans, Green, 1951.Schwarz, H. Stanley. Alexandre Dumas, fils, Dramatist. 1927. Reprint. New York: B. Blom, 1971.Taylor, F. A. The Theatre of Alexandre Dumas fils. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1937.
Categories: Authors