Authors: Andre Norton

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

American novelist

Author Works

Long Fiction:

The Prince Commands, 1934

Ralestone Luck, 1938

Star Man’s Son, 2250 a.d., 1952 (also known as Daybreak 2250 a.d.)

The Beast Master, 1959

Judgement on Janus, 1963

Witch World, 1963

Web of the Witch World, 1964

Three Against the Witch World, 1965

Year of the Unicorn, 1965

Warlock of the Witch World, 1967

Sorceress of the Witch World, 1968

The Zero Stone, 1968

Uncharted Stars, 1969

Ice Crown, 1970

Forerunner Foray, 1973

Iron Cage, 1974

Merlin’s Mirror, 1975

Wraiths of Time, 1976

Trey of Swords, 1977

Forerunner, 1981

’Ware Hawk, 1983

Gate of the Cat, 1987

Four from the Witch World, 1989

Black Trillium, 1990 (with Marion Zimmer Bradley and Julian May)

Storms of Victory, 1991 (with P. M. Griffin)

Flight of Vengeance, 1992 (with Griffin and Mary H. Schaub)

Fur Magic, 1992

The Mark of the Cat, 1992

Songsmith, 1992 (with A. C. Crispin)

Brother to Shadows, 1993

Empire of the Eagle, 1993 (with Susan Schwartz)

Golden Trillium, 1993

Redline the Stars, 1993 (with Griffin)

Annals of the Witch World, 1994 (includes Witch World, Web of the Witch, and Year of the Unicorn)

The Hands of Lyr, 1994

On Wings of Magic, 1994 (with Patricia Matthews and Sasha Miller)

Elvenblood: An Epic High Fantasy, 1995 (with Mercedes Lackey)

Firehand, 1995 (with Griffin)

The Key of the Keplian, 1995 (with Lyn McConchie)

Mirror of Destiny, 1995

Magestone, 1996 (with Schaub)

The Warding of Witch World, 1996

A Mind for Trade: A Great New Solar Queen Adventure, 1997 (with Sherwood Smith)

Ciara’s Song, 1998 (with McConchie)

Scent of Magic, 1998

Echoes in Time: A New Time Traders Adventure, 1999 (with Smith)

The Shadow of Albion, 1999 (with Rosemary Edghill)

Wind in the Stone, 1999

To the King a Daughter, 2000 (with Miller)

Time Traders, 2000

Knight or Knave, 2001 (with Miller)

Leopard in Exile, 2001 (with Edghill)

Star Soldiers, 2001

Time Traders II, 2001

A Crown Disowned, 2002 (with Miller)

The Elevenborn, 2002 (with Lackey)

Short Fiction:

High Sorcery, 1970

Garan the Eternal, 1972

The Many Worlds of Andre Norton, 1974 (Roger Elwood, editor; also known as The Book of Andre Norton)

Perilous Dreams, 1976

Wizard’s Worlds, 1989 (Irene Zierhut, editor)


Bertie and May, 1969 (with Bertha Stemm Norton)

Children’s/Young Adult Literature:

The Sword Is Drawn, 1944

Scarface, 1948

Sword in Sheath, 1949

Star Ka’at, 1976 (with Dorothy Madlee)

Star Ka’at World, 1978 (with Madlee)

Star Ka’ats and the Plant People, 1979 (with Madlee)

Star Ka’ats and the Winged Warriors, 1981 (with Madlee)

The Monster’s Legacy, 1996

Edited Texts:

Magic in Ithkar, 1985 (with Robert Adams)

Magic in Ithkar 2, 1985 (with Adams)

Magic in Ithkar 3, 1986 (with Adams)

Magic in Ithkar 4, 1987 (with Adams)

Tales of the Witch World, 1987

Tales of the Witch World 2, 1988

Catfantastic, 1989 (with Martin H. Greenberg)

Grand Masters’ Choice, 1989

Tales of the Witch World 3, 1990

Catfantastic II, 1991 (with Greenberg)

Catfantastic III, 1994 (with Greenberg)

Catfantastic IV, 1996 (with Greenberg)

Catfantastic V, 1999 (with Greenberg)


Andre Norton, though she has written in many fields, is best known for her science-fiction and fantasy novels. She was one of the first women writers, and easily one of the most popular writers, in these fields. Born Alice Mary Norton, she was exposed to books and literature at an early age. Her mother read to her, starting with poetry and, by the time she was five, Little Women. She wrote her first novel while in high school. In 1934, she published The Prince Commands, her second-written novel but the first one sold. In 1938, she revised her first novel and published it as Ralestone Luck. With the publication of these books, Norton legally took the name Andre instead of Alice Mary. Andre was a more androgenous name, which she believed she needed for success in the young adult adventure market.{$I[AN]9810001733}{$I[A]Norton, Andre}{$S[A]North, Andrew;Norton, Andre}{$I[geo]WOMEN;Norton, Andre}{$I[geo]UNITED STATES;Norton, Andre}{$I[tim]1912;Norton, Andre}

While she was selling her first novels, Norton was also working as a children’s librarian at the Cleveland Public Library. She worked there from 1930 to 1951, with one year off to work as a special librarian for the Library of Congress and to try her hand at owning a bookstore. After leaving the library, she spent some years as an editor for Gnome Press before becoming a full-time writer in 1958. During her time as a librarian, she wrote young adult adventure stories such as The Sword Is Drawn and Scarface. The Sword Is Drawn received an award from the Dutch government, and its sequel, Sword in Sheath, was named an Ohiana Junior Book honor book.

Her first science-fiction novel, Star Man’s Son, 2250 A.D., was set in Cleveland after a nuclear holocaust. The main character, Fors, a mutant, is an outcast from his community. This outcast character is seen in most of Norton’s books. At this time, her audience was still primarily young adults. In 1954, Donald Wollheim reprinted Star Man’s Son as Daybreak 2250 A.D. and sold it as adult science fiction. Most of her work since has been read by both young adults and adults.

Norton continued to publish science fiction and fantasy regularly. For her Solar Queen series, she adopted the pseudonym of Andrew North, though most of her books appear under her own name. Her novels are filled with wondrous planets, strange alien races such as the telepathic and reptilian Zacathans, and strong heroes and heroines. Quite often, her characters are outcasts from normal society, and they sometimes possess psychic powers or some other ability that sets them apart. Her novels are also filled with intelligent animals that help the main characters in their conflicts.

In 1963, Norton published Witch World, the first book in her most successful series. The Witch World is populated by strange creatures and people with amazing powers. Many of the creatures have origins in folklore, while others seem to have sprung purely from the author’s mind. The powers of Light and Dark are at constant war with each other and in more recent novels, such as Songsmith (written with A. C. Crispin), she hints that the conflict is nearing a conclusion. Norton has published more than twenty books with the Witch World as a setting, including some collaborations.

Many of Norton’s novels, including Witch World and Judgement on Janus, include antitechnology themes. She views the machine, especially the computer, as suspicious, if not entirely evil. She freely admits to this viewpoint, believing that humans lost out during the Industrial Revolution by surrendering to the machine.

Norton has won many awards for her work. Besides awards for individual novels, Norton’s two most prestigious awards are for her lifetime accomplishments as a writer: In 1977, she won the Gandalf Master of Fantasy Award for lifetime achievement, and in 1984 the Science Fiction Writers of America named her a Grand Master of Science Fiction (a Nebula award), the first woman to achieve that honor. She was named to the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers Hall of Fame in 1996.

With more than one hundred titles to her name, Andre Norton remains one of the most prolific and popular science-fiction and fantasy writers ever. In addition to her many individual and collaborative works, Norton also has taken an interest in helping others, especially women, with their writing careers. The High Hallack Genre Writers’ Research and Reference Library (named after a place in the Witch World) officially opened in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, on February 28, 1999. Norton created this library and retreat as a place where authors can go to work on their novels; she also made it her residence.

BibliographyCarter, Lin. “Andre Norton: A Profile.” In Secret of the Lost Race, by Andre Norton. New York: Ace Books, 1959. This overview of Norton’s work by a respected science-fiction author lauds and analyzes Norton’s corpus as it existed in 1959. This essay appears in some of the paperback editions of the novel.Norton, Andre. The Book of Andre Norton. Edited by Roger Elwood. New York: DAW Books, 1975. Primarily an anthology of Norton’s short stories, with a few interesting essays on her work. The best essay is an autobiographical one in which Norton explains how she writes her fantasies.Norton, Andre. Interview by Charles Platt. In Dream Makers Volume II: The Uncommon Men and Women Who Write Science Fiction. New York: Berkley Books, 1983. An interview with Norton that shows some of her personal views on writing.Schlobin, Roger C., and Irene R. Harrison. Andre Norton: A Primary and Secondary Bibliography. Rev. ed. Framingham, Mass.: NESFA Press, 1994. The most comprehensive bibliography of Norton; it also provides a biography.Shwartz, Susan, ed. Moonsinger’s Friends: An Anthology in Honor of Andre Norton. New York: Bluejay Books, 1985. A science-fiction Festschrift honoring Norton. Instead of writing about Norton, the sixteen eminent authors write science-fiction stories inspired by her work. Shwartz’s editorial notes and introduction discuss the authors’ works and Norton’s influence.Spivack, Charlotte. Merlin’s Daughters: Contemporary Women Writers of Fantasy. New York: Greenwood Press, 1987. Provides a close look at Norton’s work from a feminist perspective.
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