Places Summaries

Places: The Flies

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Las moscas, 1918 (English translation, 1956) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical realism Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Train Train. Flies, TheRailroad train traveling from Mexico City to Irapuato whose hospital car is the principal setting for the first half of the […]

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Places: The Fixer

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1966 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical realism Time of work: Shortly before World War I Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Shtetl Shtetl. Fixer, TheSmall Jewish village near Kiev, Russia. Before leaving for Kiev, Yakov lives his entire life here. He leaves the village because he considers it […]

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Places: The Firebugs

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Biedermann und die Brandstifter, 1958 (English translation, 1959) First produced: 1953 as Biedermann und die Brandstifter (radio play); 1958, at the Schauspielhaus, Zurich, Switzerland (stage play) Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Absurdist Time of work: Post-World War II Places Discussed Biedermann house Biedermann Firebugs, Thehouse. Home of Gottfried Biedermann, a hair […]

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Places: Finnegans Wake

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1939 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Fantasy Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Dublin Dublin. Finnegans WakeCapital of Ireland in which the events of the novel that take place in the “real” world are set. Major city landmarks, such as Howth Castle, the […]

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Places: The Financier

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1912; revised, 1927 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: c. 1850-1874 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Philadelphia *Philadelphia. Financier, ThePrincipal city of Pennsylvania between 1837–the year of protagonist Frank Algernon Cowperwood’s birth–and 1873–the year of a great stock panic that Cowperwood exploited to his advantage. […]

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Places: Final Payments

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1978 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: Early 1970’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Queens *Queens. Final PaymentsBorough of New York City that provides the novel’s backdrop as the place in which the narrator, Isabel Moore, has spent her first thirty years living with […]

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Places: Ferdydurke

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1937 (English translation, 1961) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Farce Time of work: 1930’s Places Discussed Piorkowski’s school Piorkowski’s Ferdydurkeschool. Institution in which Ferdydurke is forced to enroll when mistakenly believed to be only half his actual age. Much of the humor of this section of the novel stems from Ferdydurke’s […]

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Places: Fences

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1985 in Theater magazine First produced: 1985, at the Yale Repertory Theatre, New Haven, Connecticut Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: 1957-1965 Places Discussed Maxson home Maxson Fenceshome. African American home in an unspecified city, possibly Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Maxsons’ yard, which is an extension of their […]

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Places: The Fellowship of the Ring

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1954 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Epic Time of work: Third Age in a remote legendary past Places Discussed Shire Shire. Fellowship of the Ring, TheHomeland of the hobbits, J. R. R. Tolkien’s “little people,” whose environment and culture are provincial and innocent. The journey motif anchors the story in the […]

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Places: Felix Holt, the Radical

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1866 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1831-1833 Places Discussed Transome Court Transome Felix Holt, the RadicalCourt. Vintage Queen Anne mansion that is home to the life-defeated Mrs. Transome, who married thirty years earlier to meet social expectations about money and position. The unscrupulous lawyer who is […]

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Places: Faust

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Faust: Ein Fragment, 1790 (English translation, Faust: A Fragment, 1980); Faust: Eine Tragödie, 1808 (English translation, The Tragedy of Faust, 1823); Faust: Eine Tragödie, zweiter Teil, 1833 (English translation, The Tragedy of Faust, Part Two, 1838) Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Philosophical Time of work: Indeterminate Asterisk denotes entries on real […]

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Places: Faultline

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1982 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1980’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Benbow’s home Benbow’s Faultlinehome. Arden Benbow’s house located in Topanga Canyon, a rustic community in the Santa Monica Mountains west of Los Angeles. Arden’s large, run-down house sits on a half-acre […]

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Places: Fathers and Sons

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Ottsy i deti, 1862 (English translation, 1867) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1859 Places Discussed Marino Marino. Fathers and SonsFamily estate of the Russian gentleman Nikolai Kirsanov that is the first of four main settings in which the novel unfolds. Modeled upon Spasskoe, Ivan Turgenev’s family […]

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Places: The Fathers

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1938 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical realism Time of work: 1860-1861 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Pleasant Hill Pleasant Fathers, TheHill. Buchan family plantation in Virginia’s Fairfax County. Because author Allen Tate sees people and place as interconnected, his narrator, Lacy Buchan, explains how his father identifies […]

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Places: The Father

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1887 as Fadren (English translation, 1899) First produced: 1887 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Places Discussed Captain’s house Captain’s Father, Thehouse. Home of a Swedish cavalry officer and amateur scientist. The stage directions at the beginning of act 1 indicate that the captain tries […]

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Places: A Farewell to Arms

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1929 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Impressionistic realism Time of work: World War I Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Italy *Italy. Farewell to Arms, ACountry in which Ernest Hemingway’s American protagonist, Frederic Henry, serves as a volunteer ambulance driver during World War I–just as Hemingway himself had served […]

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Places: Far from the Madding Crowd

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1874 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1869-1873 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Wessex Wessex. Far from the Madding CrowdImaginary English county in which this and other novels by Hardy are set. Wessex corresponds with the real county of Dorset in southwest England. More […]

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Places: The Far Field

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1964 Type of work: Poetry Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Cape May *Cape Far Field, TheMay. Peninsula located on the southern tip of New Jersey well known as a beach resort, Cape May has a lighthouse at the entrance to Delaware Bay. Although Roethke refers to bird shapes when he […]

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Places: The Family Reunion

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1939 First produced: 1939 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Symbolic realism Time of work: Twentieth century Places Discussed Wishwood Wishwood. Family Reunion, TheEnglish home of Amy, Dowager Lady Monchensey, and the location for the planned meeting for a family reunion. The name implies that Amy has tried hard to make the […]

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Places: The Family of Pascual Duarte

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: La familia de Pascual Duarte, 1942 (English translation, 1946) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Duarte home Duarte Family of Pascual Duarte, Thehome. Modest house in the village of western Spain’s Torremejía region, where Duarte grows […]

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Places: The Fall of the House of Usher

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1839 Type of work: Short fiction Type of plot: Gothic Time of work: Nineteenth century Places Discussed House of Usher House Fall of the House of Usher, Theof Usher. Home of the madman Roderick Usher and his twin sister Madeline. Located in an unspecified place, the house and its bleak surroundings are primarily […]

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Places: The Fall

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: La Chute, 1956 (English translation, 1957) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1950’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Amsterdam *Amsterdam. Fall, TheCapital city of the Netherlands; at thirteen feet below sea level, it has the lowest elevation of any capital in the world. Its […]

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Places: The Fair Maid of Perth

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1828 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1396 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Perth *Perth. Fair Maid of Perth, TheCounty in the center of Scotland that embraces both highland and lowland regions. It is described by Scott’s notional narrator, Chrystal Croftangry, as the most varied, […]

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Places: Fahrenheit 451

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1953 (expanded version of “The Fireman,” Galaxy Science Fiction, 1951) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Science fiction Time of work: The future Places Discussed City City. Fahrenheit 451Unnamed urban center in which the protagonist, Guy Montag, lives and works. In this future world, culture is reduced to the lowest common denominator. […]

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Places: The Faerie Queene

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: books 1-3, 1590; books 4-6, 1596 Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Allegory Time of work: Arthurian Age Places Discussed Faery Land Faery Faerie Queene, TheLand. Mythical country that serves as a setting for the romantic adventures of idealized knights, whose charge is to perfect themselves in their calling and rescue or […]

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Places: A Fable

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1954 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Allegory Time of work: 1918 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Chaulnesmont *Chaulnesmont Fable, A (SHON-mon). French town that is a site of Allied headquarters during World War I. Scenes in the novel are set in the town square of Chaulnesmont and in […]

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Places: Explosion in a Cathedral

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: El siglo de las luces, 1962 (English translation, 1963) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1789-1809 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Home of Carlos, Esteban, and Sofia Home Explosion in a Cathedralof Carlos, Esteban, and Sofia. Havana residence of the three orphaned young-adult members […]

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Places: The Expedition of Humphry Clinker

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1771 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Satire Time of work: Mid-eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Brambleton Hall Brambleton Expedition of Humphry Clinker, TheHall. Matthew Squire’s country residence, an imaginary estate near the real town of Abergavenny, Wales. Throughout the novel, it serves as the basis of […]

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Places: Exiles

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1918 First produced: in German in 1919; in English in 1925 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: 1912 Places Discussed Rowan drawing room Rowan Exilesdrawing room. Well-furnished house in Merrion, a Dublin suburb. It is a warm, late afternoon in June, 1912, with the sunlight just beginning to […]

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Places: Everyman

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1508, first extant version Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Morality Time of work: Indeterminate Places Discussed Journey to Paradise Journey Everymanto Paradise. Long journey from life to death that Death orders Everyman to make. Everyman is to take with him his full book of accounts; he must be careful, as he […]

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Places: Every Man out of His Humour

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1600 First produced: 1599 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Comedy Time of work: Turn of the seventeenth century Places Discussed Italian countryside Italian Every Man out of His Humourcountryside. The play’s opening scene and several others throughout the drama are set in the country. Many of the major characters are country […]

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Places: Every Man in His Humour

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1601; revised, 1605, 1616 First produced: 1598 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Comedy Time of work: Late sixteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Every Man in His HumourEngland’s capital and largest city. While most of the play’s scenes are set at the various London homes […]

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Places: Evelina

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1778 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Sentimental Time of work: Eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Berry Hill Berry EvelinaHill. Country home of Mr. Villars, Evelina’s guardian, located seven miles from Dorchester in southern England. Berry Hill’s rural location signifies Evelina’s innocent and unsophisticated upbringing. However, her […]

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Places: Evangeline

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1847 Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Pastoral Time of work: Mid-eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Acadia *Acadia. EvangelineFrench colony in eastern Canada that overlapped the regions that became Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and other areas. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s poem opens during the time […]

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Places: The Eustace Diamonds

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: serial, 1871-1873; book, 1873 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Matching Priory Matching Eustace Diamonds, ThePriory. Ancestral home of the Palliser family, in the county of Yorkshire. Its owner, Plantagent Palliser, is devoted to politics. Matching […]

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Places: Eugénie Grandet

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1833 (English translation, 1859) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Realism Time of work: 1819-1833 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Grandet house Grandet Eugénie Grandethouse (gran-day). Home of Monsieur Grandet, his wife, his daughter, Eugénie, and his servant, Nanon. Located in Saumur, it is a typical provincial house of […]

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Places: Ethan Frome

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1911 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Starkfield Starkfield. Ethan FromeFictional village in the hills of western Massachusetts’s Berkshire County, where Wharton herself lived for many years. Small and rural, Starkfield lives up to its harsh […]

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Places: Esther Waters

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1894 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Woodview Woodview. Esther WatersHouse in southern England’s Sussex countryside, close to Shoreham, that is owned by the Barfields, for whom Esther Waters becomes a kitchen maid. Although she is from […]

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Places: Erewhon

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1872 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Utopian Time of work: 1870’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Erewhon Erewhon Erewhon (ee-ree-whon). Utopian land set vaguely in the South Pacific region–possibly in New Zealand, but because of Erewhon’s vastness, some scholars have argued that it is more likely located in […]

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Places: Erec and Enide

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First transcribed: Erec et Enide, c. 1164 (English translation, 1913) Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Arthurian romance Time of work: Sixth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Cardigan *Cardigan. Erec and EnideKing Arthur’s castle, which not only represents the splendor and honor that is so much a part of his […]

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Places: Equus

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1973 First produced: 1973, at the Old Vic Theatre, London Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Late twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Rokeby Psychiatric Hospital Rokeby EquusPsychiatric Hospital. British psychiatric hospital to which teenager Alan Strang has been remanded by a court, […]

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Places: Epitaph of a Small Winner

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Memórias póstumas de Bras Cubas, 1881 (The Posthumous Memories of Brás Cubas, 1951; Epitaph of a Small Winner, 1952) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Philosophical realism Time of work: 1805-1869 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Rio de Janeiro *Rio Epitaph of a Small Winnerde Janeiro. Capital city of […]

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Places: Epicœne

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1616 First produced: 1609 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Comedy Time of work: Early seventeenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. EpicœneJonson provides limited references to location, setting the play only in “London,” an abstraction rather than a detailed place. The play’s scenes move from home […]

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Places: The Enormous Room

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1922 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Autobiographical Time of work: 1917 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Western Front *Western Enormous Room, TheFront. World War I combat zone in which the narrator’s Norton Harjes Ambulance Service is serving the Allied forces. As an idealistic American volunteer in this Ambulance […]

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Places: Children of the Game

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1929, as Les Enfants terribles (English translation, 1930) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Cité Monthiers *Cité Children of the GameMonthiers (sih-tay mon-tee-er). District in Paris situated between the rue de Clichy and the rue d’Amsterdam. […]

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Places: An Enemy of the People

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: En folkefiende, 1882 (English translation, 1890) First produced: 1883 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Social criticism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Places Discussed Baths Baths. Enemy of the People, AnNewly constructed public spa in a Norwegian seaside town. As he does in many of his plays, Ibsen uses key features […]

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Places: Enemies

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Sonim, de Geshichte fun a Liebe, 1966 (English translation, 1972) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: Mid-twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *New York City *New EnemiesYork City. Largest city in the United States and the first destination for most of its European […]

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Places: Endymion

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1818 Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Narrative Time of work: Ancient times Places Discussed Mount Latmos Mount EndymionLatmos (laht-MOHS). Pastoral location in Greece on which much of the poem takes place. At the beginning of the poem, John Keats tells readers that he needs to be outside the city and its […]

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Places: Endgame

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Fin de partie, 1957 (English translation, 1958) First produced: 1957, at the Royal Court Theatre, London Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Absurdist Time of work: Indeterminate Places Discussed Shelter Shelter. EndgameUnnamed place which is apparently the last refuge of humankind on Earth. In addition to providing the characters with protection from […]

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Places: The End of the Road

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1958 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Existentialism Time of work: 1951-1955 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Wicomico Wicomico. End of the Road, TheSmall town on the Eastern Shore of Maryland (most likely patterned on the actual town of Salisbury) where the novel’s plot unfolds amid a commonplace backdrop. […]

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Places: The Emperor Jones

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1921 First produced: 1920 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Expressionism Time of work: Early twentieth century Places Discussed Island Island. Emperor Jones, TheThe play unfolds on a small, unnamed island in the West Indies that provides O’Neill with an appropriate microcosm for his drama that depicts the primitive forces that close […]

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Places: Emma

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1816 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: Early nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Highbury Highbury. EmmaEnglish village sixteen miles southwest of London. Although Jane Austen says it is a populous place, readers find it quite small indeed. A short walk away from […]

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Places: Émile

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Émile: Ou, De l’éducation, 1762 (English translation, 1762-1763) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Novel of ideas Time of work: Eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Nature Nature. ÉmilePlace from which all education springs. It is in Nature that the French orphan boy Émile is to learn the […]

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Places: The Emigrants of Ahadarra

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1848 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1840’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Ireland *Ireland. Emigrants of Ahadarra, TheSecond-largest of the British Isles, a dependency of Great Britain throughout the nineteenth century. Among the novel’s several commentaries on the sorry state to which Ireland […]

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Places: Elmer Gantry

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1927 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Satire Time of work: 1915-1925 Places Discussed Paris Paris. Elmer GantryKansas village in which Gantry grows up. With some nine hundred residents, it is smaller than the real town of Sauk Centre, Minnesota, in which Lewis grew up, and the fictional Gopher Prairie, which Lewis […]

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Places: Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1751; collected in Poems by Mr. Gray, 1768 Type of work: Poetry Places Discussed Country churchyard Country Elegy Written in a Country Churchyardchurchyard. Cemetery adjoining an unnamed rural or village church. There is no way of knowing which particular country churchyard Thomas Gray was looking at or thinking about when he composed this […]

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Places: The Elegy of Lady Fiammetta

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Elegia di Madonna Fiammetta, 1343-1344 (English translation, 1587) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Love Time of work: Fourteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Naples *Naples. Elegy of Lady Fiammetta, TheSeaport in southern Italy in which Giovanni Boccaccio spent several years before writing The Elegy of Lady Fiammetta. […]

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Places: Electra

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 418-410 b.c.e. (English translation, 1649) Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: c. 1250-1200 b.c.e. Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Argos *Argos Electra (AR-gohs). Ancient city in southeastern Greece, adjoining the Gulf of Argolis. Its area was prominent in the Bronze Age; therefore, its very name […]

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Places: Electra

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First produced: Ēlektra, 413 b.c.e. (English translation, 1782) Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: After the fall of Troy Places Discussed Farmhouse Farmhouse. ElectraFarm near the Greek city Argos. No farmhouse seems fitting for a princess to inhabit. In such locations one expects to encounter wholesome bucolic activities. Ironically, the […]

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Places: Elective Affinities

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Die Wahlverwandtschaften, 1809 (English translation, 1872) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Love Time of work: Eighteenth century Places Discussed Edward and Charlotte’s home Edward Elective Affinitiesand Charlotte’s home. Extensive country estate in Germany–a home worthy of an aristocratic couple who have withdrawn from fashionable court life to share a cultivated though […]

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Places: The Elder Statesman

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1959 First produced: 1958 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Allegory Time of work: Mid-twentieth century Places Discussed Claverton town house Claverton Elder Statesman, Thetown house. Stately London home with a generous library, drawing room, and at least one servant, Mr. Lambert. This house is strangely empty since Lord Claverton’s wife has […]

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Places: The Egoist

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1879 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Nineteenth century Places Discussed Patterne Hall Patterne Egoist, TheHall. Home of Sir Willoughby Patterne, the “egoist” of the title. Using a technique more common to drama than to the Victorian novel, George Meredith sets virtually every scene of the novel […]

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Places: Egmont

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1788 (English translation, 1837) First produced: 1789 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: Sixteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Brussels *Brussels. EgmontProsperous Flanders city (now part of Belgium), whose streets are gathering places for merchants, soldiers, and simple people to discuss politics freely. However, […]

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Places: Effi Briest

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1895 (English translation, 1914) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: Second half of the nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Hohen-Cremmen Hohen-Cremmen Effi Briest (HOH-uhn KREHM-uhn). Large country estate in the Mark Brandenburg region of northeastern Germany whose manor house has belonged to […]

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Places: Edward II

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1594 First produced: The Troublesome Reign and Lamentable Death of Edward the Second, c. 1592 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: Fourteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Edward IICenter of English political power and of King Edward’s monarchy. Several locations within London […]

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Places: Eat a Bowl of Tea

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1961 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: 1941-1949 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *New York Chinatown *New Eat a Bowl of TeaYork Chinatown. New York City’s Chinese quarter, which is the novel’s primary setting. The author lived there and was an active and notable […]

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Places: Eastward Ho!

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1605 First produced: 1605 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Comedy Time of work: c. 1605 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Touchstone’s goldsmith shop Touchstone’s Eastward Ho!goldsmith shop. London shop that establishes the industrious middle-class nature of the goldsmith Touchstone. The shop helps to define the shrewd common sense […]

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Places: East of Eden

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1952 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Regional Time of work: 1865-1918 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Salinas Valley *Salinas East of EdenValley (sah-LEE-nas). Long narrow depression between Northern California’s Gabilan and Santa Lucia mountain ranges. The Salinas River winds its way up the center of the valley and […]

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Places: The Earthly Paradise

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1868-1870 Type of work: Poetry Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Greece *Greece. Earthly Paradise, TheAn unnamed Greek island is the place where the wanderers and city elders gather to tell stories, after one of the elders encourages the Norsemen to recount their adventures. The hosts tell stories from classical mythology, […]

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Places: Earth

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: La Terre, 1887 (English translation, 1888) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: 1860’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *La Beauce *La EarthBeauce (lah bohz). Extensive flat plains of central France that have historically been the country’s bread basket. The finery and wealth of its main […]

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Places: Dutchman

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1964 First produced: 1964, at the Cherry Lane Theatre, New York City Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Political Time of work: 1960’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *New York City *New DutchmanYork City. Literally an “overdrop” for the play, the city serves both as the realistic urban setting […]

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Places: The Dunciad

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1728-1743 Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Mock-heroic Time of work: Eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Dunciad, TheCapital and largest city of Great Britain. With a population of nearly seven hundred thousand people in the eighteenth century, London is the setting of the final campaign […]

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Places: The Dumb Waiter

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1960, in The Birthday Party First produced: 1959 (in German translation), at the Frankfurt Municipal Theater, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany; 1960 (in English), at the Hampstead Theater Club, London Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Absurdist Time of work: Mid-twentieth century Places Discussed Basement room Basement Dumb Waiter, Theroom. Located somewhere in Birmingham, England, […]

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Places: Dulce et Decorum Est

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1920, in Poems by Wilfred Owen Type of work: Poetry Places Discussed No-man’s-land No-man’s-land. Dulce et Decorum EstDangerous zone between facing enemy lines that could be on any of a number of World War I battlefields, sites that were fought over for months and years until the land became an eerie moonscape of […]

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Places: The Duchess of Malfi

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1623 First produced: 1614 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: Sixteenth century Places Discussed Malfi’s court Malfi’s Duchess of Malfi, Thecourt. Residence of the duchess of Malfi in Italy. Original set descriptions are sparse, and the central importance of the setting is not so much in its physical […]

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Places: Dubliners

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1914 Type of work: Short fiction Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Dublin *Dublin. DublinersIreland’s capital city, which had a population of some three hundred thousand people in the early twentieth century. Joyce, who grew up in Dublin, once told a publisher that no writer had yet presented the city to […]

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Places: Drums Along the Mohawk

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1936 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1775-1783 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Mohawk Valley *Mohawk Drums Along the MohawkValley. Region of what is now New York State surrounding the Mohawk River, which flows west from a point north of Albany to near Lake Oneida. […]

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Places: L’Assommoir

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: L’Assommoir, 1877 (English translation, 1879) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: Second half of the nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Goutte d’Or *Goutte Assommoir, L’d’Or (goot dor). Neighborhood north of Paris, on the eastern side of Montmartre, a butte on Paris’s northern perimeter […]

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Places: Dream of the Red Chamber

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

With a continuation by Gao E First published: Hongloumeng, 1792 (also known as Hung-lou Meng; English translation, 1958; unabridged English translation, 1973-1986) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: c. 1729-1737 Places Discussed Garden of Enchanted Vision Garden Dream of the Red Chamberof Enchanted Vision. Also translated as Prospect Garden, […]

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Places: Dragon Seed

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1942 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1937-1940 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Village Village. Dragon SeedUnnamed Chinese village west of a great city, in which the novel is set. The village has only one main street and a population of fewer than one […]

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Places: Dracula

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1897 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Horror Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Castle Dracula *Castle DraculaDracula. Ancestral home of Count Dracula in Transylvania that is visited by the English estate agent Jonathan Harker at the beginning of the novel. The gate of […]

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Places: Down There

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Là-bas, 1891 (English translation, 1924) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Fantasy Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Durtal’s apartment Durtal’s Down Thereapartment. Set of rooms in a house on Paris’s rue du Regard; they contain the compact book-lined study where the scholar Durtal […]

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Places: Doña Perfecta

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1876 (English translation, 1880) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: Late nineteenth century Places Discussed Villahorrenda Villahorrenda (vee-YAH-or-EN-dah). Doña PerfectaImpoverished, ugly town on the railroad line out of Madrid at which the young engineer José (Pepe) Rey stops while on his way to Orbajosa. Villahorrenda–whose name means “horrid […]

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Places: Doña Bárbara

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1929 (English translation, 1931) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Regional Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Llano *LlanoDoña Bárbara (YAH-no). Great savanna plains region of central Venezuela that represents nature in its wild and unruly state. Although beautiful and powerful, and therefore much […]

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Places: Don Segundo Sombra

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1926 (English translation, 1935) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Regional Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Fabio’s village Fabio’s Don Segundo Sombravillage. Small Argentine village where Fabio lives with two aunts as a boy. The opening chapters of the novel describe the village […]

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Places: Don Quixote de la Mancha

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: El ingenioso hidalgo don Quixote de la Mancha, part 1, 1605; part 2, 1615 (English translation, 1612-1620) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Mock-heroic Time of work: Late sixteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Spain *Spain. Don Quixote de la ManchaForemost European military, political, and economic power at […]

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Places: Don Juan

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1819-1826 Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Satire Time of work: Late eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Seville *Seville. Don JuanCity in southwestern Spain. Calling it “a pleasant city,/ Famous for oranges and women,” Byron sets the tone and theme for his treatment of place. The poet […]

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Places: The Don Flows Home to the Sea

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Tikhii Don, 1928-1940 (partial English translations, 1934 as And Quiet Flows the Don; 1940 as The Don Flows Home to the Sea; complete English translations, 1942 as The Silent Don; 1967 as And Quiet Flows the Don) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1918-1920 Asterisk denotes entries on […]

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Places: Dominique

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1862 (English translation, 1932) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological Time of work: Nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Château des Trembles Château Dominiquedes Trembles (SHAH-toh day TRAHN-blay). Dominique’s birthplace at Les Trembles, close to the town of Villeneuve. (Villeneuve, meaning “new town,” is a common place-name […]

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Places: Dombey and Son

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1846-1848 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Early nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Dombey and SonThe British capital portrayed in this novel is a curiously fragmented city. One part barely seems to connect to another. The isolating effect of money […]

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Places: A Doll’s House

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Et dukkehjem, 1879 (English translation, 1880); first performed, 1879 First produced: 1879 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Nineteenth century Places Discussed Helmer house Helmer Doll’s House, Ahouse. Home of Torvald Helmer, a successful bank manager, and his wife, Nora. The dwelling contains comfortable and stylish furniture […]

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Places: Dodsworth

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1929 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1920’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Zenith Zenith. DodsworthFictional midwestern city in which the novel opens. Lewis created Zenith in Babbitt (1922), a novel in which the Dodsworths are a leading pioneer family and Sam creates a […]

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Places: Doctor Zhivago

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Doktor Zhivago, 1957 (English translation, 1958) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1903-1943 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Moscow *Moscow. Doctor ZhivagoRussia’s greatest city, in which the two most important families in the novel, the Zhivagos and the Gromekos, lead a life of privilege. […]

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Places: Doctor Thorne

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1858 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Places Discussed Greshamsbury Court Greshamsbury Doctor ThorneCourt. Ancient ancestral home of the Gresham family in Anthony Trollope’s fictional Barsetshire. Despite extreme economic hardship, the home represents Barsetshire’s wealthy landowners. To pay his debts, Squire Gresham sells one-third of […]

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Places: Doctor Pascal

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Le Docteur Pascal, 1893 (English translation, 1893) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Soleiade Soleiade Doctor Pascal (sal-ayd). Aix-en-Provence residence of Doctor Pascal, located about fifteen minutes by foot from the Cathedral of St. Sauveur, and the […]

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Places: Doctor Faustus

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1604 First produced: c. 1588 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: Sixteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Faustus’s study Faustus’s Doctor Faustusstudy (FOWS-tuhs). Lodgings at Germany’s University of Wittenberg of Dr. Faustus, a learned scholar and theologian who seeks boundless knowledge. Most of the […]

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Places: Doctor Faustus

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Doktor Faustus: Das Leben des deutschen Tonsetzers Adrian Leverkühn, erzählt von einem Freunde, 1947 (English translation, 1948) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Philosophical Time of work: 1885-1945 Places Discussed Buchel Buchel Doctor Faustus (BEW-shihl) Family farm on which Adrian was born in the heart of Germany, not far from Weissenfels. It […]

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Places: Diving into the Wreck

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1973 Type of work: Poetry Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *New York subway *New Diving into the WreckYork subway. “The Phenomenology of Anger” describes the subway of New York City moving toward Brooklyn. The journey through the speaker’s anger takes place against the city landscape, while “walking on Broadway,” or […]

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Places: The Divine Fire

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1904 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological Time of work: 1890’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Court House Court Divine Fire, TheHouse. Home of Lucia Harden; an idealized English country estate in Harmouth that contains the valuable Harden Library. After Lucia’s father dies in Italy heavily in debt, […]

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Places: The Divine Comedy

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First transcribed: La divina commedia, c. 1320 (English translation, 1802) Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Allegory Time of work: The Friday before Easter, 1300 Places Discussed Hell Hell. Divine Comedy, TheDante begins his journey in the grim nether regions. “Abandon hope all ye who enter in,” is inscribed on the gates of Hell. […]

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