Places Summaries

Places: The Disciple

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Le Disciple, 1889 (English translation, 1898) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Philosophical realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Paris *Paris. Disciple, TheCapital of France. The chief Parisian locale featured in the novel is the Rue Guy de Brosse, where Adrien Sixte lives, […]

Read More

Places: The Dining Room

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1982 First produced: 1982, at the Studio Theatre of Playwrights Horizons, New York City Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Comedy Time of work: Approximately 1930 to 1980 Places Discussed Dining room Dining Dining Room, Theroom. Formal dining room in an upper-class or upper-middle-class home in an unspecific place in the United […]

Read More

Places: The Diary of a Country Priest

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Journal d’un curé de campagne, 1936 (English translation, 1937) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1920’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Ambricourt Ambricourt. Diary of a Country Priest, The (ahm-breh-kohrt). French parish located on a hillside whose priest sees its miserable little insignificant houses […]

Read More

Places: Diana of the Crossways

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1885 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed The Crossways The Diana of the CrosswaysCrossways. Redbrick country house in Sussex, England, that is home to the protagonist, Diana Antonia Merion. The Crossways, which she has inherited at her […]

Read More

Places: The Devil’s Elixirs

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Die Elixiere des Teufels: Nachgelassene Papiere des Bruders Medardus, eines Kapuziners, 1815-1816 (English translation, 1824) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Fantasy Time of work: Eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Holy Linden Holy Devil’s Elixirs, TheLinden. Remote monastery in Prussia in which the monk Medardus (whose given […]

Read More

Places: The Devil upon Two Sticks

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Le Diable boiteux, 1707; revised 1720, 1726 (English translation, 1708) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Picaresque Time of work: 1707 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Madrid *Madrid. Devil upon Two Sticks, TheCapital of Spain whose secrets are stripped bare by the grateful Asmodeus, the demon of luxury, after […]

Read More

Places: Desire Under the Elms

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1925 First produced: 1924 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: 1850 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Cabot farmhouse Cabot Desire Under the Elmsfarmhouse. Isolated New England farm, originally belonging to Eben Cabot’s mother, that becomes the property of her widower Ephraim Cabot and his two […]

Read More

Places: The Deptford Trilogy

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1983: Fifth Business, 1970; The Manticore, 1972; World of Wonders, 1975 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Moral Time of work: 1908-1971 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Deptford Deptford. Deptford Trilogy, TheImaginary small rural Ontario town in which the series opens. Robertson Davies patterned Deptford after Thamesville, in which […]

Read More

Places: Descent into Hell

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1937 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Moral Time of work: June and July in the 1930’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Battle Hill *Battle Descent into HellHill. This setting is an actual hill with a long and bloody history, from legends of human sacrifice among the Britons and […]

Read More

Places: Democracy

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1984 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Political Time of work: Mid-1970’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Honolulu *Honolulu. DemocracyHawaii’s capital city, in which Inez Christian was born and grew up during the 1930’s and 1940’s. Her college experience on the U.S. mainland led to her marriage to Harry […]

Read More

Places: Delta Wedding

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1946 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Regional Time of work: Early 1920’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Mississippi Delta *Mississippi Delta WeddingDelta. Broad alluvial plain bordering the Mississippi River, stretching on the Mississippi side from Memphis in the north nearly to Vicksburg in the south. A delta is […]

Read More

Places: Deliverance

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1970 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Bildungsroman Time of work: Late twentieth century Places Discussed The city The Deliverancecity. Unnamed city in northern Georgia in which the novel’s four friends live and work. Although this place frames the main story, it is never named or treated as anything other than a […]

Read More

Places: A Delicate Balance

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1966 First produced: 1966, at the Martin Beck Theatre, New York City Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Absurdist Time of work: October, in the mid-1960’s Places Discussed Agnes and Tobias’s home Agnes Delicate Balance, Aand Tobias’s home. Home of a married couple whose living room is the setting for the entire […]

Read More

Places: Deirdre of the Sorrows

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1910 First produced: 1910 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: The past Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Lavarcham’s house Lavarcham’s Deirdre of the Sorrowshouse (LOWR-chamz). Located on Slieve Fuadh, this is Deirdre’s home, where Lavarcham, her nurse, raised her. Deirdre’s beauty, happiness, and carefree lifestyle […]

Read More

Places: Deirdre

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1907 First produced: 1906 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: Antiquity Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Ireland *Ireland. DeirdreYeats’s version of the hoary tale must be set in Ireland, as its antagonists are part of the island’s rich mythical tapestry. The wandering musicians, reference to […]

Read More

Places: The Deerslayer

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1841 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1740 Places Discussed Glimmerglass Lake Glimmerglass Deerslayer, TheLake. Imaginary lake closely modeled on the real Lake Otsego, near Cooperstown in upstate New York. Glimmerglass plays a complex role in The Deerslayer. On a basic level, it displays rare and unspoiled beauty. […]

Read More

Places: Decline and Fall

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1928 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social satire Time of work: Twentieth century Places Discussed Llanabba Castle School Llanabba Decline and Fall Castle School. Small privately owned school in North Wales attended by fifty or sixty boys, ages ten through eighteen. Despite Waugh’s protestations to the contrary, it is most likely […]

Read More

Places: The Death Ship

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Das Totenschiff, 1926 (English translation, 1934) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1920’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Yorikke YorikkeDeath Ship, The. Aged cargo ship on which the young American sailor without documentation, Gerry Gales, signs on as a crew member in Amsterdam. This […]

Read More

Places: The Death of Virgil

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Der Tod des Vergil, 1945 (English translation, 1945) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Philosophical Time of work: 19 b.c.e. Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Brundisium *Brundisium Death of Virgil, The (brewn-dee-see-uhm). Busy Roman port city on the Adriatic Sea (now Brundisi, Italy). Brundisium is shown first from the […]

Read More

Places: The Death of the Heart

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1938 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: After World War I Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Death of the Heart, TheCapital and largest city of Great Britain. As one of the novel’s characters walks through Covent Garden during the evening, the narrator […]

Read More

Places: The Death of Ivan Ilyich

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: “Smert Ivana Ilicha”, 1886 (English translation, 1887) Type of work: Novella Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1880’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Russian provinces *Russian Death of Ivan Ilyich, Theprovinces. Settings in flashback episodes. After a brief introduction set in Petersburg in which it is revealed that […]

Read More

Places: The Death of Artemio Cruz

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: La muerte de Artemio Cruz, 1962 (English translation, 1964) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1889-1959 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Mexico City hospital *Mexico Death of Artemio Cruz, TheCity hospital. Mexico’s capital and largest city, where Cruz is dying in a hospital bed. […]

Read More

Places: Death of a Salesman

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1949 First produced: 1949 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: Late 1940’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Loman home Loman Death of a Salesmanhome. Modest house in Brooklyn, New York. Despite the play’s fixed location, playwright Arthur Miller makes it clear that Willy’s alienation and […]

Read More

Places: Death of a Hero

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1929 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Political Time of work: World War I Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed No Man’s Land No Death of a HeroMan’s Land. Constantly shifting zone between the trenches of the opposing combatants on the French battlefront. This realm of fearsome devastation represents the […]

Read More

Places: Death in Venice

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Der Tod in Venedig, 1912 (English translation, 1925) Type of work: Novella Type of plot: Symbolic realism Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Munich *Munich Death in Venice (MEW-nihk). Well-ordered, proper city in Germany’s Bavarian region, in which the story opens around the turn of […]

Read More

Places: A Death in the Family

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1957 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: 1915-1916 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Knoxville *Knoxville. Death in the Family, ATennessee city that is the novel’s main setting, as the home of Jay and Mary Follet and their two children. The novel begins with a […]

Read More

Places: Death Comes for the Archbishop

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1927 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical realism Time of work: Mid-to late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Vatican City *Vatican Death Comes for the ArchbishopCity. Enclave in Rome that is the center of the Roman Catholic Church and headquarters of the pope. There the novel […]

Read More

Places: Dead Souls

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Myortvye Dushi, part 1, 1842; part 2, 1855 (English translation, 1887) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social satire Time of work: Early nineteenth century Places Discussed Provincial capital Provincial Dead Soulscapital. Unnamed Russian city in which the novel opens with Chichikov’s arrival. The city serves as the base from which he […]

Read More

Places: The Day of the Locust

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1939 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1930’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Hollywood *Hollywood. Day of the Locust, TheDistrict of Los Angeles, California, and the symbolic center of the American film industry. The novel opens with Todd Hackett, a graduate of Yale University […]

Read More

Places: Darkness at Noon

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1940 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1930’s Places Discussed Prison Prison. Darkness at NoonSoviet detention center in which Rubashov is being held. With its dark corridors, closed off from the outside world and operating under its own logic, the suffocating prison is a physical manifestation of […]

Read More

Places: David Copperfield

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1849-1850, serial; 1850, book Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Bildungsroman Time of work: Early nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Blunderstone Rookery Blunderstone David CopperfieldRookery. Suffolk birthplace and boyhood home of David Copperfield, who often associates the place in his mind with the nearby tombstone of his […]

Read More

Places: Dark Laughter

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1925 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1920’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Ohio River *Ohio Dark LaughterRiver. Major tributary of the Mississippi River that rises in western Pennsylvania and flows southwest nearly one thousand miles before joining the Mississippi. On a boat trip […]

Read More

Places: The Dark Journey

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Leviathan, 1929 (English translation, 1929) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Chanteilles Chanteilles Dark Journey, The (shahn-TAY) and Lorges (lorzh). Neighboring French provincial towns within relatively easy access to Paris by train. The towns are framed […]

Read More

Places: Daphnis and Chloë

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First transcribed: Poimenika ta kata Daphnin kai Chloen, third century c.e. (English translation, 1587) Type of work: Fiction Type of plot: Pastoral Time of work: Indeterminate Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Lesbos *Lesbos Daphnis and Chloë (LEHS-bohs). Greek island in the Aegean Sea on which actions centers on two cities: Methymna and […]

Read More

Places: Danton’s Death

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Dantons Tod, 1835 (English translation, 1927) First produced: 1902 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: March-April, 1794 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Paris *Paris. Danton’s DeathCapital of France and center of revolutionary activity in which the play is set. The locations of many of the […]

Read More

Places: Daniel Deronda

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1876 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Offendene Offendene. Daniel DerondaModest home of Gwendolen Harleth’s mother, Mrs. Fanny Davilow; located in Wessex (name of the early kingdom of the West Saxons that grew into modern England). Gwendolen […]

Read More

Places: Dangerous Acquaintances

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Les Liaisons dangereuses, 1782 (English translation, 1784) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Mid-eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Paris *Paris. Dangerous AcquaintancesFrance’s capital city is the focal point of the novel’s action. During the eighteenth century, Paris was the center of social […]

Read More

Places: Dancing at Lughnasa

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1990 First produced: 1990 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Summer, 1936 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Mundy home Mundy Dancing at Lughnasahome. Typical rural Irish farm house of the 1930’s, with a kitchen serving as a general living and working area. Not just […]

Read More

Places: A Dance to the Music of Time

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1976: A Question of Upbringing, 1951; A Buyer’s Market, 1952; The Acceptance World, 1955; At Lady Molly’s, 1957; Casanova’s Chinese Restaurant, 1960; The Kindly Ones, 1962; The Valley of Bones, 1964; The Soldier’s Art, 1966; The Military Philosophers, 1968; Books Do Furnish a Room, 1971; Temporary Kings, 1973; Hearing Secret Harmonies, 1975 Type […]

Read More

Places: The Dance of Death

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1901 as Dödsdansen, första delen and Dödsdansen, andra delen (English translation, 1912 as The Dance of Death I and The Dance of Death II) First produced: 1905 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Places Discussed Tower Tower. Dance of Death, TheIsland home of Alice […]

Read More

Places: The Damnation of Theron Ware

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1896 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1890’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Octavius Octavius. Damnation of Theron Ware, TheFictional small town in the Mohawk Valley of New York State based loosely on Harold Frederic’s hometown of Utica in the same region. There the […]

Read More

Places: Dame Care

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Frau Sorge, 1887 (English translation, 1891) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: Nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *East Prussia *East Dame CarePrussia. Province in the extreme northeastern part of Germany that bordered on Russia when the novel was written and extended to […]

Read More

Places: Daisy Miller

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1878 Type of work: Novella Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Vevey *Vevey Daisy Miller (vuh-VAY). Small resort city on the northeastern shore of Switzerland’s Lake Geneva, a large lake in the Swiss Alps. Daisy Miller, a seventeen-year-old American girl from […]

Read More

Places: Cyrano de Bergerac

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1898 (English translation, 1898) First produced: 1897 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragicomedy Time of work: c. 1640-1655 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Hôtel de Bourgogne Hôtel Cyrano de Bergeracde Bourgogne (oh-TEL deh Bur-GOIN). Parisian mansion whose main hall is normally used for tennis, but which on occasion […]

Read More

Places: The Cypresses Believe in God

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Los cipreses creen en Dios, 1953 (English translation, 1955) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical realism Time of work: 1931-1936 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Gerona *Gerona. Cypresses Believe in God, TheTown tucked away in the northeast corner of Catalonia near Spain’s border with France. Gerona might at […]

Read More

Places: Cymbeline

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1623 First produced: c. 1609-1610 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragicomedy Time of work: First century b.c.e. Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Great Britain *Great CymbelineBritain. Island of which Cymbeline is the king during the reign of Roman emperor Augustus Caesar and which is nominally governed by Rome, […]

Read More

Places: The Custom of the Country

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1913 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *New York City *New Custom of the Country, TheYork City. On the eve of the twentieth century, New York City is the focus of young Undine Spragg’s dreams. Her […]

Read More

Places: Cupid and Psyche

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First transcribed: Unknown (first English translation, probably 1566) Type of work: Fable Type of plot: Mythic Time of work: Antiquity Places Discussed Home city Home Cupid and Psychecity. Place where Psyche, the daughter of a Greek king, was born, possibly on the island of Crete. The city has many altars and temples dedicated to Venus […]

Read More

Places: Cry, the Beloved Country

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1948 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Mid-twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Johannesburg *Johannesburg. Cry, the Beloved CountrySouth Africa’s biggest and most advanced city and center of the country’s prosperous gold mining industry. During the period in which the novel is set, […]

Read More

Places: The Crucible

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1953 First produced: 1953, at the Martin Beck Theatre, New York City Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1692 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Salem *Salem. Crucible, TheSmall Massachusetts town on the Atlantic coast, about twenty miles northeast of Boston. A small community sandwiched between […]

Read More

Places: Crotchet Castle

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1831 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Fiction of manners Time of work: Nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Crotchet Castle Crotchet Crotchet CastleCastle (kroh-SHAY). House in England’s Thames Valley. Not a true castle, it stands on the summit of a hill whose slopes are wooded, overlooking a […]

Read More

Places: Crome Yellow

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1921 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social satire Time of work: c. 1920 Places Discussed Crome Crome. Crome YellowEnglish country house that is the seat of the Wimbush family. Formerly a monastery, it was rebuilt in the Elizabethan era by Sir Ferdinando Lapith in accordance with his eccentric theories of sanitation, […]

Read More

Places: The Crock of Gold

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1912 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Fantasy Time of work: Indeterminate Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Ireland *Ireland. Crock of Gold, TheIsland nation west of Britain that was united under British rule in 1912–the same year James Stephens published The Crock of Gold. (In 1922, Ireland was partitioned […]

Read More

Places: The Crisis

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1901 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1860’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *St. Louis *St. Crisis, TheLouis. Major Mississippi River port city and principal city of Missouri, a border state that was occupied by Union troops before it could declare itself for the Confederacy […]

Read More

Places: Crimes of the Heart

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1982 First produced: 1979, at the Actors Theatre of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Comedy Time of work: 1974 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Hazlehurst *Hazlehurst. Crimes of the HeartSouthern Mississippi town near the state capital, Jackson, where playwright Beth Henley was born. The play […]

Read More

Places: Crime and Punishment

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Prestupleniye i Nakazaniye, 1866 (English translation, 1886) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *St. Petersburg *St. Crime and PunishmentPetersburg. Capital of Imperial Russia. Deep within the glittering outer facade of St. Petersburg’s state buildings, elegant promenades, and […]

Read More

Places: The Cream of the Jest

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1917 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Satire Time of work: Twentieth century Places Discussed Poictesme Poictesme Cream of the Jest, The (PWA-tem). Imaginary medieval French realm whose name is derived from the cities of Poictiers (modern Poitiers) and Angoulesme (modern Angoulême), although it lies in the south of France, along the […]

Read More

Places: Cranford

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1851-1853 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: Early nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Cranford Cranford. CranfordEnglish village modeled on Knutsford in Cheshire, where Elizabeth Gaskell spent part of her childhood, A country town larger than a village, Cranford is “in possession of […]

Read More

Places: Cousin Pons

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Le Cousin Pons, 1847 (English translation, 1880) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: 1840’s Places Discussed Marville’s house Marville’s Cousin Ponshouse (marh-VEEL). Home on Paris’s rue de Honoré of Monsieur Camusot de Marville, Sylvain Pons’s cousin-in-law and a presiding judge of the Royal Court of Justice. This house […]

Read More

Places: Cousin Bette

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: La Cousine Bette, 1846 (English translation, 1888) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Early nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Paris *Paris. Cousin BettePolitical, social, and cultural center of France, even more so in the nineteenth century than in the twenty-first. Cousin Bette […]

Read More

Places: The Country Wife

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1675 First produced: 1675 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Comedy Time of work: Seventeenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Country Wife, TheCapital and leading city of England. The play depicts fashionable London, in which wives are expected to be ready to deceive their husbands and […]

Read More

Places: The Courtship of Miles Standish

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1858 Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Sentimental Time of work: 1621 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Plymouth *Plymouth. Courtship of Miles Standish, TheFirst English settlement in North America. A village at the time in which this poem is set, Plymouth was built on the vacant townsite of the […]

Read More

Places: The Country of the Pointed Firs

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1896 Type of work: Novella Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Places Discussed Dunnet Landing Dunnet Country of the Pointed Firs, TheLanding. Fictional Maine fishing village where the narrator boards with Mrs. Almira Todd and around which his story revolves. The tenacity of the coastline’s tall pines, spruces, […]

Read More

Places: A Country Doctor

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1884 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Bildungsroman Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Places Discussed Oldfields Oldfields. Country Doctor, AFictional Maine farming community, probably modeled after the environs of Jewett’s birthplace, South Berwick, Maine. Jewett’s father, a physician, often took young Jewett along on patient visits, pointing out for close observation features […]

Read More

Places: The Countess Cathleen

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1892 First produced: 1899 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Allegory Time of work: Indeterminate Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Ireland *Ireland. Countess Cathleen, TheIsland west of England occupied and governed by Great Britain during the time of this play. The seat of power resides in London, and England […]

Read More

Places: The Counterfeiters

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Les Faux-monnayeurs, 1925 (English translation, 1927) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Early 1920’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Paris *Paris. Counterfeiters, TheCapital of France that provides the background for the first and third parts of the novel, which unfold in summer and fall, […]

Read More

Places: The Count of Monte-Cristo

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo, 1844-1845, serial; 1846, book (The Count of Monte-Cristo, 1846) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1815-1838 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Marseilles *Marseilles Count of Monte-Cristo, The (mar-SAY). Southeastern French city in a bay on the Mediterranean coast, popularizer of the […]

Read More

Places: The Cossacks

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Kazaki, 1863 (English translation, 1873) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Caucasus Mountains *Caucasus Cossacks, TheMountains. Mountain range south of Moscow between the Black and Caspian Seas that has historically been regarded as the dividing line between […]

Read More

Places: The Corsican Brothers

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Les Frères corses, 1844 (English translation, 1880) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Adventure Time of work: 1841 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Corsica *Corsica. Corsican Brothers, TheMountainous French island in the Mediterranean Sea. Smaller than Sicily, Sardinia, or Cyprus, Corsica is just over one hundred miles south of […]

Read More

Places: Conversation in the Cathedral

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Conversación en la catedral, 1969 (English translation, 1975) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1960’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Lima *Lima. Conversation in the CathedralCapital city of Peru. Mario Vargas Llosa often draws from his personal experiences to write about corruption and injustice […]

Read More

Places: Coriolanus

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1623 First produced: c. 1607-1608 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: Third century c.e. Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Rome *Rome. CoriolanusCapital of the Roman Empire on the banks of Italy’s Tiber River. It is a walled city built on seven hills, one of which […]

Read More

Places: The Conscious Lovers

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1723 First produced: 1722 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Sentimental Time of work: Early eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Bevil’s house Bevil’s Conscious Lovers, Thehouse. London home of Sir John Bevil. Contrasts in the play may be seen in the different lodgings of the characters since […]

Read More

Places: A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1889 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social satire Time of work: Late nineteenth and early sixth centuries Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *England *England. Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court, AApart from the frame that surrounds the main narrative and a brief interlude in Gaul toward its end, […]

Read More

Places: Coningsby

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1844 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Bildungsroman Time of work: 1832-1840 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Eton *Eton. ConingsbyFashionable boys’ preparatory school, located near Windsor, outside London, to which the protagonist, Harry Coningsby, is sent after he loses both parents at age nine. Founded in the fifteenth century, […]

Read More

Places: The Confidential Clerk

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1954 First produced: 1953 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Comedy of manners Time of work: Mid-twentieth century Places Discussed Mulhammer’s house Mulhammer’s Confidential Clerk, The house. Stately London home that represents high society while also housing many illusions and self-deceptions. Although most of this house is not shown in the play, […]

Read More

Places: The Confidence Man

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1857 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Satire Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Places Discussed Fidèle FidèleConfidence Man, The. Mississippi river steamboat on which the entire novel is set. The Fidèle’s main cabin is a large, opulently appointed room in which passengers spend their time drinking and gambling. Melville seems to use […]

Read More

Places: The Confessions of Nat Turner

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1967 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: c. 1810-1831 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Virginia *Virginia. Confessions of Nat Turner, TheSouthern state in which the historical Nat Turner (1800-1831) led the revolt on which William Styron’s novel is based. Following the historical record, the […]

Read More

Places: Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence Man

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Bekenntnisse des Hochstaplers Felix Krull: Der Memoiren erster Teil, 1954 (English translation, 1955) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Picaresque Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Lisbon *Lisbon. Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence ManPortugal’s capital city was to be only a brief stop on […]

Read More

Places: Confessions of an English Opium Eater

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1821 Type of work: Essays Type of plot: Fantasy Time of work: Early nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Manchester Grammar School *Manchester Confessions of an English Opium EaterGrammar School. School in the city of Manchester in England that is roughly equivalent to an American prep school. There, the […]

Read More

Places: Comus

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1637 First produced: 1634 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Allegory Time of work: Age of myth Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Ludlow Castle *Ludlow ComusCastle. Norman fortress built on the Welsh border to maintain English imperial power in the eleventh century. The castle served as the residence of […]

Read More

Places: The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

Edited by Thomas H. Johnson First published: 1960 Type of work: Poetry Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Amherst *Amherst. Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson, TheMassachusetts town where Dickinson lived, about ninety miles west of Boston. Although her poems mention Amherst by name only twice, it is organic to Dickinson’s poetry. She absorbed […]

Read More

Places: The Company of Women

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1981 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1963-1977 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Convent of Our Lady of Sorrows Convent Company of Women, Theof Our Lady of Sorrows. New York City convent at which five working women of different backgrounds come together on a […]

Read More

Places: The Comedy of Errors

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1623 First produced: c. 1592-1594 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Farce Time of work: First century b.c.e. Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Ephesus *Ephesus Comedy of Errors, The (EF-ah-sas). Ancient Greek port city in Asia Minor that was later the capital of Roman Asia; it is now an […]

Read More

Places: The Color Purple

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1982 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1920’s-1940’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Pa’s home Pa’s Color Purple, Thehome. Rural Georgia home in which Celie and Nettie live together as young sisters. This place serves as a frame for the novel, which begins and […]

Read More

Places: The Collector

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1963 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: c. 1960 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Fosters Fosters. Collector, TheSecluded cottage in southern England’s East Sussex region built in 1621. After winning a fortune in a football pool, Clegg buys the house because of its isolation […]

Read More

Places: Cold Comfort Farm

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1932 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Parody Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Cold Comfort Farm Cold Cold Comfort FarmComfort Farm. Starkadder family farm to which Flora Poste moves. Taking its name from a line in William Shakespeare’s play King John (1596-1597), the […]

Read More

Places: The Cocktail Party

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1950 First produced: 1949 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Comedy of manners Time of work: Mid-twentieth century Places Discussed Chamberlayne flat Chamberlayne Cocktail Party, Theflat. London apartment owned by the Chamberlaynes, in whose drawing room most of the play is set. Although the apartment has an offstage kitchen, there appears to […]

Read More

Places: The Clown

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Ansichten eines Clowns, 1963 (English translation, 1965) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1945-1960 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *West Germany *West Clown, TheGermany. Federal Republic of Germany, created when Germany was partitioned after World War II. Out of the rubble of the war, […]

Read More

Places: The Clouds

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First produced: Nephelai, 423 b.c.e. (English translation, 1708) Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Social satire Time of work: Fifth century b.c.e. Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Strepsiades’ house Strepsiades’ Clouds, Thehouse (strehp-SI-eh-dees). Home of Strepsiades, a plodding but solid citizen of Athens who is hounded by creditors because of debts […]

Read More

Places: The Closed Garden

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Adrienne Mesurat, 1927 (English translation, 1928) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1908 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed La Tour L’Evêque La Closed Garden, TheTour L’Evêque (lah tewr leh-VEK). Fictional French provincial town to which the widowed Antoine Mesurat retires in the company of […]

Read More

Places: A Clockwork Orange

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1962 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Dystopian Time of work: Indeterminate future Places Discussed City City. Clockwork Orange, AUnnamed future British city where Alex and his “droogs,” or friends, roam. The landscape is cheerless and industrial; echoes of the past and its culture can be seen, but these are largely decayed […]

Read More

Places: Cligès

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Cligès: Ou, La Fausse morte, c. 1164 (English translation, 1912) Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Romance Time of work: Sixth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Athens *Athens. CligèsGreek city in which the Greek prince Alexander is born and where he dies; a place of rich tradition and […]

Read More

Places: The Clayhanger Trilogy

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Clayhanger, 1910; Hilda Lessways, 1911; These Twain, 1915 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: 1870-1895 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Clayhangers’ first home Clayhangers’ Clayhanger Trilogy, Thefirst home. Combination dwelling and business premises in which Edwin Clayhanger spends his formative years. Situated on a […]

Read More

Places: Clarissa

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1747-1748 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Sentimental Time of work: Early eighteenth century Places Discussed Harlowe home Harlowe Clarissahome. Country estate of wealthy English gentry, near the village of St. Albans, to the northwest of London, it is presided over by a tyrannical patriarch, and its gardens are enclosed by an […]

Read More

Places: The City of the Sun

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Civitas solis, 1623 (English translation, 1885) Type of work: Novella Type of plot: Utopian Time of work: Seventeenth century Places Discussed City of the Sun City City of the Sun, Theof the Sun. Utopian society on the island of Taprobane in the Indian Ocean, on the equator. The island is entirely fictional, but […]

Read More

Places: Cinq-Mars

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1826 (English translation, 1847) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: Seventeenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Château de Chaumont *Château Cinq-Marsde Chaumont (SHAH-toh deh shoh-MOHNG). Home of the novel’s hero, Henri d’Effiat, the marquis de Cinq-Mars, sits alone high on a hill near the […]

Read More

Places: Cinna

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1643 as Cinna: Ou, La Clémence d’Auguste (English translation, 1713) First produced: 1640 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: c. 10 c.e. Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Rome *Rome. CinnaCenter of the ancient Roman Empire and principal setting of this play. Cinna mentions “Rome” more […]

Read More

Places: The Cid

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1637 as Le Cid (English translation, 1637) First produced: 1637 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragicomedy Time of work: Eleventh century Places Discussed Royal palace Royal Cid, Thepalace. Corneille portrays the two houses in The Cid basically as elegant prisons in which Chimène and the infanta lead apparently comfortable lives but […]

Read More

Places: A Christmas Carol

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1843 Type of work: Short fiction Type of plot: Moral Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Christmas Carol, AScrooge’s first nocturnal journey is guided by the Ghost of Christmas Present, who whisks him from his bed on a nighttime journey to observe London’s joyful […]

Read More

Places: The Chosen

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1967 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: 1940’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Brooklyn *Brooklyn. Chosen, TheLargest of five boroughs of New York City and the setting for the entire novel. The diverse ethnic groups living in Brooklyn’s brownstone row houses include many Jews, […]

Read More