Places Summaries

Places: Henry VIII

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1623 First produced: 1613 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1520-1533 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Westminster Palace *Westminster Henry VIIIPalace. Royal palace in London in which most of the play is set. The vast palace affords the play’s producers rich opportunities for sumptuous spectacle. […]

Read More

Places: Henry VI, Part III

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1595 First produced: c. 1590-1591 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1455-1471 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Towton *Towton. Henry VI, Part IIISmall Yorkshire town near which a great battle is fought. For Shakespeare’s audience, the Battle of Towton represented the Wars of the Roses […]

Read More

Places: Henry VI, Part II

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1594 First produced: c. 1590-1591 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1444-1455 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Magic circle Magic Henry VI, Part IIcircle. Center of an occult ritual performed in the duke of Gloucester’s house in London. Two priests and a witch draw the […]

Read More

Places: Henry VI, Part I

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1598 First produced: c. 1592 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1422-1444 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Orleans *Orleans. Henry VI, Part ICity on the Loire River in north-central France. Historically the English laid siege to Orleans in 1428 but were repelled by the heroic […]

Read More

Places: Henry V

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1600 First produced: c. 1598-1599 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: Early fifteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Henry VCapital of England and the site of Henry’s royal court, London serves as the setting for the opening scenes of the play. By […]

Read More

Places: Henry IV, Part II

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1600 First produced: 1597 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1405-1413 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London streets *London Henry IV, Part IIstreets. This location is usually the realm of the comic chaos of lower-class life that constitutes much of the background of the play. […]

Read More

Places: Henry IV, Part I

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1598 First produced: 1592 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1403 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Royal palace Royal Henry IV, Part Ipalace. King Henry IV’s principal seat of rule, where he plans political strategy and shows concern about his seemingly dissolute son, Prince Hal, […]

Read More

Places: Henry IV

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1922 as Enrico IV (English translation, 1922) First produced: 1922, at the Manzini Theatre, Milan, Italy Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1922 Places Discussed Henry’s throne room Henry’s Henry IVthrone room. Villa salon designed to look like the throne room of the historical Henry IV in […]

Read More

Places: Henderson the Rain King

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1959 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Mock-heroic Time of work: Late 1950’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Wariri village Wariri Henderson the Rain Kingvillage. Domain of King Dahfu of the imaginary East African Wariri people. More lush than neighboring areas, the Wariri land also boasts a few of […]

Read More

Places: Heimskringla

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First transcribed: c. 1230-1235 (English translation, 1844) Type of work: Folklore Type of plot: Saga Time of work: Legendary times to twelfth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Asgarth Asgarth Heimskringla (AHS-gahrth). Legendary homeland of the wandering warrior and king Odin, which is thought to be located somewhere in southwest Asia. Asgarth […]

Read More

Places: The Heidi Chronicles

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1988 First produced: 1988, at Playwrights Horizons, New York City Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Social morality Time of work: 1965-1989 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Columbia University *Columbia Heidi Chronicles, TheUniversity. Ivy League university in New York City in a lecture hall in which the prologue to […]

Read More

Places: Hedda Gabler

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1890 (English translation, 1891) First produced: 1891 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Christiana *Christiana. Hedda GablerNow called Oslo, the capital of city of Norway, located on the country’s southeastern coast, and the largest and most […]

Read More

Places: The Heat of the Day

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1949 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1942-1944 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Heat of the Day, TheGreat Britain’s capital city that provides the novel’s primary setting. London is the center of the last European Allied country to withstand German conquest, although […]

Read More

Places: Heartbreak House

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1919, in Heartbreak House, Great Catherine, and Playlets of the War First produced: 1920 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Play of ideas Time of work: 1913 Places Discussed Shotover’s house Shotover’s Heartbreak Househouse. Sussex mansion of the eccentric and visionary Captain Shotover. Through the play’s first two acts, its characters seem […]

Read More

Places: The Heart of the Matter

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1948 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: World War II Places Discussed West African colony West Heart of the Matter, TheAfrican colony. Unnamed British colony in West Africa, but probably modeled on Sierra Leone, in whose colonial service Graham Greene worked during the early 1940’s. Major Scobie, […]

Read More

Places: The Heart of Midlothian

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1818 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: Early eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Scotland *Scotland. Heart of Midlothian, TheScott’s novelistic portrait of Scotland as a country, The Heart of Midlothian deals with the east and the west of Scotland, with Highlands and Lowlands. […]

Read More

Places: Heart of Darkness

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: serial, 1899; book, 1902 Type of work: Novella Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Heart of DarknessCapital and largest city of Great Britain. The story opens with five men on a cruising yawl on the River Thames on […]

Read More

Places: Heart of Aztlán

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1976 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1950’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Guadalupe *Guadalupe. Heart of AztlánSmall agrarian New Mexico community in which the central character, Clemente Chávez, is spiritually connected to his land: “His soul and his heart were in the earth.” […]

Read More

Places: The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1940 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1930’s Places Discussed Southern town Southern Heart Is a Lonely Hunter, Thetown. Unnamed town that provides the novel’s principal setting. The town is based on Columbus, Georgia, where Carson McCullers spent her formative years. McCullers left the South when she […]

Read More

Places: Headlong Hall

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1816 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Fiction of manners Time of work: Early nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Headlong Hall Headlong Headlong HallHall. Welsh manor house in the vale of Llanberis in Caernarvonshire. Its four principal “scenes of action” are explicitly identified in chapter 2 as […]

Read More

Places: A Hazard of New Fortunes

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1889 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1880’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *New York City *New Hazard of New Fortunes, AYork City. City in which the protagonist, Basil March, and his family settle early in the novel. March, who in his dislocation as […]

Read More

Places: Hard Times

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1854 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1840’s Places Discussed Coketown Coketown. Hard TimesFictional factory town in northern England that offers nothing that is not “severely workful.” Coketown is center of Dickens’s social criticism. As “a triumph of fact,” it is grim, unnatural, and mechanical, from the […]

Read More

Places: The Handmaid’s Tale

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1985 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: The future Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Gilead Gilead. Handmaid’s Tale, TheFuture name for the northeastern section of the United States. In Margaret Atwood’s vision of the future, the government of the United States has been overthrown […]

Read More

Places: A Handful of Dust

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1934 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social satire Time of work: Twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Hetton Hetton. Handful of Dust, AEstate of the Last family, located between the villages of Hetton and Compton Last in the English countryside. Although the novel begins at a house […]

Read More

Places: Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1603 First produced: c. 1600-1601 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Tragedy Time of work: c. 1200 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Elsinore Castle *Elsinore Hamlet, Prince of DenmarkCastle. Thirteenth century Danish castle that is the site of the main action of the play. Elsinore is a real city […]

Read More

Places: The Hamlet

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1940 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Places Discussed Yoknapatawpha County Yoknapatawpha Hamlet, TheCounty (YOK-nuh-puh-TAW-fuh). County in Mississippi that resembles the region in northern Mississippi where Faulkner spent most of his life. Faulkner regarded his fictitious county (of which he called himself “sole owner […]

Read More

Places: The Hairy Ape

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1922 First produced: 1922, at the Provincetown Playhouse, New York City Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Expressionism Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Steamship Steamship. Hairy Ape, TheOcean liner at sea on which the hairy, bare-chested Yank is stoking the boilers when the […]

Read More

Places: Guy of Warwick

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First transcribed: Gui de Warewic, c. 1240 (English translation, 1300) Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Romance Time of work: Tenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Warwick *Warwick. Guy of WarwickCity in north-central England in which Ethelfleda, daughter of Alfred the Great, first built a fortress and Normans began the […]

Read More

Places: Guy Mannering

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1815 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: Eighteenth century Places Discussed Ellangowan Ellangowan Guy Mannering (el-lan-GAO-an). Ancient Scottish home of the noble Bertram family, located in Dumfries, a region in the southwest of Scotland, near the fictional village of Kippletringan. The Auld Place, the ruins of the family […]

Read More

Places: Gulliver’s Travels

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1726 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Satire Time of work: 1699-1713 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Bristol *Bristol. Gulliver’s TravelsPort town in southwestern England, where the down-on-his-luck, good-natured Lemuel Gulliver begins his travels. A solid English citizen, Gulliver represents England’s optimistic, rationalistic, and scientific philosophies, which Swift abhorred. […]

Read More

Places: The Guide

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1958 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Mid-twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *India *India. Guide, TheSouth Asian nation in which the novel is set during the 1950’s, after it became independent. Because of India’s vastness and its population’s relative stability, the various […]

Read More

Places: Guard of Honor

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1948 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Three days during World War II Places Discussed Ocanara Army Air Base Ocanara Guard of HonorArmy Air Base. Sprawling makeshift military facility in Florida comprising landing strips and hastily built temporary structures–a military base similar to many that sprang up […]

Read More

Places: Growth of the Soil

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Markens grøde, 1917 (English translation, 1920) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Places Discussed Sellanraa Sellanraa. Growth of the SoilFarm of the Norwegian protagonist, Isak, and his wife, Inger. Hamsun was in many ways the opposite of Isak, a simple, honest, and hard-working subsistence […]

Read More

Places: Group Portrait with Lady

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Gruppenbild mit Dame, 1971 (English translation, 1973) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1922-1970 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Rhineland *Rhineland. Group Portrait with LadyRegion surrounding the Rhine River in western Germany. The Rhineland experienced heavy militarization in 1936 and severe destruction by Allied […]

Read More

Places: Greene’s Groatsworth of Wit Bought with a Million of Repentance

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1592 Type of work: Short fiction Type of plot: Satire Time of work: Late sixteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Greene’s Groatsworth of Wit Bought with a Million of RepentanceThe great city in this novel is never mentioned by name, but topical references, not to mention the […]

Read More

Places: Green Mansions

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1904 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Fantasy Time of work: Nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Ytaioa Ytaioa Green Mansions (ee-TI-oh-ah). Solitary hill situated in the savanna region west of Parahuari, whose lower slopes protect a densely forested oblong basin. In the heart of this forest–the “green […]

Read More

Places: The Green House

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: La casa verde, 1965 (English translation, 1968) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Forty years that include World War II Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Piura *Piura. Green House, TheProvincial city in Peru where Vargas Llosa grew up, attended college, and wrote for a […]

Read More

Places: Green Henry

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Der grüne Heinrich, 1854-1855; revised, 1879-1880 (English translation, 1960) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Autobiographical Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Zurich *Zurich. Green HenryLarge city in northeastern Switzerland in which the Swiss painter (Heinrich) Lee lives. The Preaching Church, visible from Henry’s room, […]

Read More

Places: Green Grow the Lilacs

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1931 First produced: 1931 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Regional Time of work: 1900 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Williams farmhouse Williams Green Grow the Lilacsfarmhouse. Well-kept farmhouse in Indian Territory (later Oklahoma), occupied by young Laurey Williams and fifty-year-old Aunt Eller Murphy. The stage directions introducing the […]

Read More

Places: The Great Gatsby

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1925; critical edition, 1991 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1922 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Gatsby’s mansion Gatsby’s Great Gatsby, Themansion. Garish, multilevel home located on “West Egg.” The narrator Nick Carraway describes it as colossal, as ostentatious as it is roomy. Situated […]

Read More

Places: Great Expectations

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1860-1861 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Bildungsroman Time of work: Early nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *River Thames *River Great ExpectationsThames (tehmz). River in southern England that runs through London to the North Sea. Several places that figure in the novel stand along the river. Some […]

Read More

Places: Gravity’s Rainbow

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1973 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical realism Time of work: 1944-1945 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Gravity’s RainbowCapital of Great Britain in which the novel opens during the final days of the European theater of World War II. Although Germany is facing almost certain defeat, […]

Read More

Places: The Grapes of Wrath

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1939 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1930’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Dust Bowl *Dust Grapes of Wrath, TheBowl. Central region of the United States that was devastated by great dust storms during the 1930’s. The first part of The Grapes of Wrath […]

Read More

Places: The Grandmothers

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1927 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Family Time of work: 1830-1925 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Hope’s Corner Hope’s Grandmothers, TheCorner. Frontier farm of Henry and Rose Hamilton Tower, located on Stony Creek, north of Milwaukee, which became Wisconsin’s Washington County. Hope’s Corner is the primary setting for […]

Read More

Places: The Grandissimes

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1880 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Regional Time of work: 1804 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *New Orleans *New Grandissimes, TheOrleans. Louisiana’s leading city, located on the Mississippi River near the Gulf of Mexico. New Orleans is essentially an island, surrounded by Lake Pontchartrain to the north; the […]

Read More

Places: A Grain of Wheat

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1967 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Mid-twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Kenya *Kenya. Grain of Wheat, AEast African nation that became independent from the British Empire in 1963. While the novel embraces the whole nation of Kenya, from its “one horizon” […]

Read More

Places: Good-bye, Mr. Chips

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1934 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Sentimental Time of work: 1870-1933 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Brookfield School Brookfield Good-bye, Mr. ChipsSchool. English public school (comparable to an American “private” school, that is, one that is not government run) at which Mr. Chipping (nicknamed “Mr. Chips”) spends his […]

Read More

Places: The Good Soldier Švejk

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Osudy dobreho vojáka Švejka ve sėtove války, 1921-1923 (English translation, 1930; unabridged translation, 1973) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Satire Time of work: World War I Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Austro-Hungarian Empire *Austro-Hungarian Good Soldier Švejk, TheEmpire. Central European empire ruled by the Habsburg Dynasty from 1867 […]

Read More

Places: The Good Soldier

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1915 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Branshaw Teleragh Branshaw Good Soldier, TheTeleragh. Edward Ashburnham’s English country estate. The physical manifestation of the glory of the English gentry, the upper class of England, has been, for […]

Read More

Places: The Good Earth

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1931 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Anhui *Anhui. Good Earth, TheLarge inland province in east central China divided by the great Yangzi (Yangtze) River. The far northern part of the province, in which the novel […]

Read More

Places: The Good Companions

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1929 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1920’s Places Discussed Bruddersford Bruddersford. Good Companions, TheIndustrial town of north-central England modeled on Bradford, in which Priestley grew up. The novel opens with an almost cinematic longshot of the Pennine Range, “the knobbly backbone of England,” moves in on […]

Read More

Places: Gone with the Wind

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1936 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1861-1873 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *The South *The Gone with the WindSouth. Southern region of the United States. Most of the characters of Margaret Mitchell’s novel see the “South” as encompassing the states between the Lower Mississippi […]

Read More

Places: The Golden Notebook

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1962 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1940’s-1950’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Molly’s house Molly’s Golden Notebook, Thehouse. London home of Molly Jacobs, in which most of the novel’s action is set. Molly’s house and Anna’s apartment are interior spaces that function as […]

Read More

Places: Golden Boy

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1937 First produced: 1937 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1930’s Places Discussed Bonaparte home Bonaparte Golden Boyhome. New York City home of young boxer Joe Bonaparte and his family. The furnishings of its combination dining-living room suggest a world of culture and the arts. Its plaster […]

Read More

Places: The Golden Bowl

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1904 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: c. 1900 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Golden Bowl, TheGreat Britain’s capital is the home of most of the novel’s main characters. Most of its scenes are set within the homes of Adam and Charlotte […]

Read More

Places: The Golden Ass

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First transcribed: Metamorphoses, second century (English translation, 1566) Type of work: Folklore Type of plot: Picaresque Time of work: Early second century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Greece *Greece. Golden Ass, TheApuleius locates his action in the Greek portion of the Roman Empire, at its height during the Antonine era of the […]

Read More

Places: The Golden Apples

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1949 Type of work: Short fiction Time of work: Early to mid-twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Morgana Morgana. Golden Apples, TheMississippi town about nineteen miles from Vicksburg, by way of a gravel road that crosses thirteen little bridges and the bridge over the Big Black River, Morgana is […]

Read More

Places: The Gold-Bug

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1843 Type of work: Short fiction Type of plot: Detective and mystery Time of work: Early nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Sullivan’s Island *Sullivan’s Gold-Bug, TheIsland. Barrier island off the coast of South Carolina, near Charleston. During the early nineteenth century, the sea islands near Charleston were barren, […]

Read More

Places: God’s Little Acre

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1933 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: Late 1920’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Walden farm Walden God’s Little Acrefarm. Sixty-acre farm in Georgia with more than twenty acres cratered with excavated holes from ten to thirty feet deep. The holes and craters make it […]

Read More

Places: Go Tell It on the Mountain

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1953 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1880-1935 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Harlem *Harlem. Go Tell It on the MountainPredominantly African American neighborhood in New York City’s Upper Manhattan. Harlem is the scene of the real-time narrative of the novel, an urban community […]

Read More

Places: Go Down, Moses

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1942 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1859-1941 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed McCaslin plantation McCaslin Go Down, Mosesplantation. Located seventeen miles from Jefferson, this plantation was established by Carothers McCaslin near the end of the eighteenth century. The land’s passage through the generations […]

Read More

Places: Glengarry Glen Ross

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1983 First produced: 1983, at the Cottlesloe Theatre (National Theatre), London Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1982 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Chinese restaurant Chinese Glengarry Glen Rossrestaurant. Act 1 takes place in what is understood to be a typical Chinese restaurant in […]

Read More

Places: The Glass Menagerie

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1945 First produced: 1944 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1930’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Wingfield apartment Wingfield Glass Menagerie, Theapartment. St. Louis, Missouri, home of the narrator, Tom Wingfield, and his mother and sister. Along with its outside fire-escape landing, this apartment […]

Read More

Places: The Glass Key

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: serial, 1930; book, 1931 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Detective and mystery Time of work: 1930’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed City City. Glass Key, TheUnlike Hammett’s story The Maltese Falcon (1930), which carefully delineates the streets and buildings of San Francisco, The Glass Key’s primary locale is […]

Read More

Places: The Gilgamesh Epic

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: c. 2000 b.c.e. (English translation, 1917) Type of work: Poetry Type of plot: Adventure Time of work: Antiquity Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Uruk *Uruk Gilgamesh Epic, The (EW-rewk). Ancient city in what is now Iraq (now called Tall al-Warka) over which the demigod Gilgamesh rules. During the period in […]

Read More

Places: Giles Goat-Boy

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1966 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Fantasy Time of work: A time like the 1960’s Places Discussed University University. Giles Goat-BoyThe world. New Tammany College New Tammany College. Institution whose West Campus is the cultural heart of the western part of the unnamed university, which George Giles enters as a naïve […]

Read More

Places: The Gilded Age

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1873 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Satire Time of work: Late 1840’s to early 1870’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Obedstown Obedstown. Gilded Age, TheTiny village in eastern Tennessee whose few homes are so widely dispersed among trees that it is difficult for visitors to realize that they […]

Read More

Places: The Gift of the Magi

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1905 Type of work: Short fiction Type of plot: Moral Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *New York City *New Gift of the Magi, TheYork City. Crowded city in which the Youngs rent for eight dollars per month a second-story flat. It is furnished, but […]

Read More

Places: Giants in the Earth

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: I de dage, 1924 and Riket grundlœgges, 1925 (English translation, 1927) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Regional Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Great Plains *Great Giants in the EarthPlains. Also known as prairie land, the largely flat grassland region of central North […]

Read More

Places: Ghosts

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Gengangere, 1881 (English translation, 1885) First produced: 1882 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Nineteenth century Places Discussed Alving home Alving Ghostshome. Family estate located in Rosenvold on one of western Norway’s fjords. The house’s garden provides the play’s primary setting. This room has a door on […]

Read More

Places: Germinie Lacerteux

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1865 (English translation, 1887) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: Nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Paris *Paris. Germinie LacerteuxCity in which the entire novel is set, with a particular focus on the dregs of nineteenth century Parisian society. The plot spans a number […]

Read More

Places: Germinal

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1885 (English translation, 1885) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: Nineteenth century Places Discussed Montsou Montsou Germinal (mon-sew). Company-owned coal mining town in northeastern France, Montsou is the center of all the novel’s actions. The town is actually a congested ghetto of buildings into which the miners and […]

Read More

Places: The “Genius”

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1915 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Naturalism Time of work: 1889-1914 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Alexandria Alexandria. “Genius”, TheIllinois hometown of Eugene Witla; a typical midwestern town of about ten thousand people. Although Eugene feels too ambitious to remain there, his character is irrevocably influenced by the […]

Read More

Places: Gargantua and Pantagruel

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Gargantua et Pantagruel, first complete edition, 1567; Gargantua, 1534 (English translation, 1653); Pantagruel, 1532 (English translation, 1653); Tiers livre, 1546 (Third Book, 1693); Le Quart Livre, 1552 (Fourth Book, 1694); Le Cinquiesme Livre, 1564 (Fifth Book, 1694) Type of work: Fiction Type of plot: Mock-heroic Time of work: Renaissance Asterisk denotes entries on […]

Read More

Places: The Gambler

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Igrok, 1866 (English translation, 1949) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Mid-nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Roulettenburg Roulettenburg. Gambler, TheDostoevski modeled his invented town of Roulettenburg on the German spa town of Baden-Baden, where he himself used to gamble in the famous […]

Read More

Places: Galileo

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1952; third version, 1955; revised, 1957 (English translation, 1960) First produced: Leben des Galilei, first version, 1943; second version (in English), 1947; third version (in German), 1955 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1609-1637 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Padua *Padua. GalileoNorthern Italian city at […]

Read More

Places: Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Gabriela, cravo e canela, 1958 (English translation, 1962) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: 1925-1926 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Ilhéus *Ilhéus Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon (ihl-YAY-us). Hot and humid port on the seacoast of tropical northeastern Brazil’s Bahia state, where most of the […]

Read More

Places: The Fruit of the Tree

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1907 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Hanaford Hanaford. Fruit of the Tree, TheFictional New England community supported by Westmore, its industrial suburb. Home to the Westmore cotton mill, Hanaford is the home of the mill […]

Read More

Places: The Frogs

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First transcribed: Batrachoi, 405 b.c.e. (English translation, 1780) Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Satire Time of work: Fifth century b.c.e. Places Discussed Underworld lake Underworld Frogs, Thelake. The god Dionysus, in whose honor all the Greek plays were performed, is sad that two of the great tragic writers–Aeschylus and Euripides–have died. He does […]

Read More

Places: Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1594 First produced: c. 1589 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Historical Time of work: Thirteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *England *England. Friar Bacon and Friar BungayGreene’s idealistic portrait of a benevolently democratic English aristocracy may reflect the outburst of patriotism in England following the 1588 defeat […]

Read More

Places: The French Lieutenant’s Woman

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1969 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Symbolic realism Time of work: 1867-1869 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Lyme Regis *Lyme French Lieutenant’s Woman, TheRegis. Old Dorset town on the English Channel. Its manners are old-fashioned, just the place for a conventional and traditional courtship. The novel opens on […]

Read More

Places: Freedom or Death

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Ho Kapetan Michales, 1953 (English translation, 1956) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1889 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Crete *Crete Freedom or Death (kreet). Island south of Greece and Turkey in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Although Kazantzakis is careful to create detailed settings for […]

Read More

Places: Free Fall

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1959 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Bildungsroman Time of work: 1917-c. 1950 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Rotten Row Rotten Free FallRow. Alleyway of slum housing in an unnamed Kent town, where Mountjoy was born and where his earliest memories are located. The name is probably merely colloquial; […]

Read More

Places: Franny and Zooey

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: “Franny,” 1955; “Zooey,” 1957; novel, 1961 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: November, 1955 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Manhattan *Manhattan. Franny and ZooeyBorough of New York City that seems to be a place where much is offered. In reality, however, this is not […]

Read More

Places: Frankenstein

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1818 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Gothic Time of work: Eighteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Arctic Circle *Arctic FrankensteinCircle. Frankenstein is told at a great distance, both physically and psychologically. The epistolary novel opens with letters from Robert Walton to his sister in England. Walton is […]

Read More

Places: Four Quartets

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1943 Type of work: Poetry Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Burnt Norton *Burnt Four QuartetsNorton. English country house in Ebrington, that T. S. Eliot once visited. His 178-line philosophical poem about the nature of reality and time begins and ends with references to the house’s gardens. The speaker suggests an […]

Read More

Places: The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Los cuatro jinetes del Apocalipsis, 1916 (English translation, 1918) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Paris *Paris. Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, TheCapital of France in which the members of the Desnoyers family settle after vacating their […]

Read More

Places: The Fountainhead

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1943 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Parable Time of work: 1922-1930’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *New York City *New Fountainhead, TheYork City. In the 1920’s and 1930’s, New York City was an exciting place for architecture. Skyscrapers were new to the city and the world at large; […]

Read More

Places: The Forty Days of Musa Dagh

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: Die vierzig Tage des Musa Dagh, 1933 (English translation, 1934) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: 1915 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Antioch *Antioch. Forty Days of Musa Dagh, TheAncient Turkish city near the northeast corner of the Mediterranean Sea. Although little action unfolds here, […]

Read More

Places: The Fortunes of Nigel

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1822 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical Time of work: Early seventeenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *London *London. Fortunes of Nigel, TheTraditional capital of England and capital of all of Great Britain after the union of England and Scotland in 1707. At the time in which […]

Read More

Places: The Forsyte Saga

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1922 (originally published as The Man of Property, 1906; In Chancery, 1920; To Let, 1921; “Indian Summer of a Forsyte”; and “Awakening”) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Family Time of work: 1886-1920 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *England *England. Forsyte Saga, TheCountry in which virtually all the action […]

Read More

Places: For Whom the Bell Tolls

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1940 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Impressionistic realism Time of work: 1937 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Bridge Bridge. For Whom the Bell TollsStrategic target of the Republican offensive and the objective of Jordan’s mission. Pablo opposes the attack on the bridge because he knows that it will […]

Read More

Places: for colored girls who have considered suicide/ when the rainbow is enuf

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1975; revised, 1976 First produced: 1975 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Camden *Camden. for colored girls who have considered suicide/ when the rainbow is enufCity in lower east-central New Jersey, about an hour’s drive south of […]

Read More

Places: Fools Crow

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1986 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Historical realism Time of work: 1868-1870 Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Bozeman Trail *Bozeman Fools CrowTrail. Anglo-American migration route that begins in the northwestern corner of Colorado and extends northwestward, through the panhandle of Nebraska and across Wyoming, bisecting both Crow and […]

Read More

Places: Fool for Love

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1983 First produced: 1983, at the Magic Theater, San Francisco Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Hyperrealism Time of work: Late twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Mojave Desert *Mojave Fool for LoveDesert (moh-HAHV-ee). Southern California desert that is a defining image of the American West. It is […]

Read More

Places: Fontamara

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: German edition, 1930; Italian edition, 1933; revised, 1958 (English translation, 1934, 1960) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Social realism Time of work: Early 1930’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Abruzzi *Abruzzi Fontamara (ah-BREWT-see). South-central region of Italy near the eastern coast of the country, along the Adriatic Sea. […]

Read More

Places: Foma Gordeyev

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1899 (English translation, 1901) Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: Late nineteenth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Gordeyevs’ town Gordeyevs’ Foma Gordeyevtown. Unnamed Russian town in which the novel’s protagonists, the Gordeyevs, live and work. Situated on the Volga River, the town is […]

Read More

Places: The Folks

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1934 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Domestic realism Time of work: Early twentieth century Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed Ferguson farm Ferguson Folks, Thefarm. Family farm located outside Belmond, Iowa, that the novel idealizes as a source of goodness. It is the source of the family’s heritage and […]

Read More

Places: The Floating Opera

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1956; revised, 1967 Type of work: Novel Type of plot: Psychological realism Time of work: 1930’s Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Cambridge *Cambridge. Floating Opera, TheLargest town and seat of Dorchester County, Maryland. It sits along the Choptank River on the DelMarVa peninsula, an area best known as the Eastern […]

Read More

Places: The Flies

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1943 as Les Mouches (English translation, 1946) First produced: 1943 Type of work: Drama Type of plot: Existentialism Time of work: Antiquity Asterisk denotes entries on real places. Places Discussed *Argos *Argos. Flies, TheAncient Greek city in which the play is set. The square is dominated by a statue of Zeus, god of […]

Read More