In the first of the Supreme Court’s Chinese exclusion cases, the Chew Heong decision affirmed that a Chinese citizen had the benefit of rights promised in treaties with China unless the treaties had been clearly and explicitly repealed by Congress.
In an 1884 amendment to the
Reentry documents carried by a Chinese immigrant in 1891.
The Supreme Court, by a 7-2 vote, ruled in Heong’s favor. Writing for the majority, Justice
Chang, Iris. The Chinese in America: A Narrative History. New York: Viking Press, 2003. McClain, Charles J. In Search of Equality: The Chinese Struggle Against Discrimination in Nineteenth-Century America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Chinese Exclusion Cases
Supreme Court, U.S.