Chronological List of Entries Summary

  • Last updated on November 11, 2022
1800’s July 19-20, 1848

Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention

July 4, 1855

Whitman Publishes Leaves of Grass

Nov. 11, 1865

Mary Edwards Walker Is Awarded the Medal of Honor

Aug. 29, 1867

Karl Heinrich Ulrichs Speaks Publicly for Gay and Lesbian Rights

May 6, 1868

Kertbeny Coins the Terms “Homosexual” and “Heterosexual”


Westphal Advocates Medical Treatment for Sexual Inversion


United Kingdom Criminalizes “Gross Indecency”

Jan.-June, 1886

Two-Spirit American Indian Visits Washington, D.C.

Jan., 1892-July, 1892

Alice Mitchell Found Guilty of Murdering Her Lover

May 25, 1895

Oscar Wilde Is Convicted of Gross Indecency


Der Eigene Is Published as First Journal on Homosexuality


Raffalovich Publishes Uranisme et Unisexualité


Ellis Publishes Sexual Inversion

May 14, 1897

Hirschfeld Founds the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee

c. 1899

Transgender Reporter Covers Spanish-American War Revolts

1900’s, 1910’s, 1920’s Nov. 17, 1901

Police Arrest “Los 41” in Mexico City


Stein Writes Q.E.D.


Freud Rejects Third-Sex Theory


Friedlaender Breaks with the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee


The Eulenburg Affair Scandalizes Germany’s Leadership


Carpenter Publishes The Intermediate Sex

Oct., 1909

Barney Opens Her Paris Salon


Robles Fights in the Mexican Revolution

Mar. 15, 1919-1921

U.S. Navy Launches Sting Operation Against “Sexual Perverts”

Feb. 19, 1923

The God of Vengeance Opens on Broadway


Gide Publishes the Signed Edition of Corydon

Dec. 10, 1924

Gerber Founds the Society for Human Rights

Feb., 1927

Wales Padlock Law Censors Risque Theater


Hall Publishes The Well of Loneliness


Davis’s Research Identifies Lesbian Sexuality as Common and Normal


Pandora’s Box Opens

1930’s 1930’s-1960’s

Hollywood Bans “Sexual Perversion” in Films


Nazis Persecute Homosexuals

June 30-July 1, 1934

Hitler’s Night of the Long Knives


Isherwood Publishes Goodbye to Berlin

Jan. 12, 1939

Thompson v. Aldredge Dismisses Sodomy Charges Against Lesbians

1940’s 1947-1948

Golden Age of American Gay Literature

June, 1947-February, 1948

Vice Versa Is Published as First Lesbian Periodical


Kinsey Publishes Sexual Behavior in the Human Male

1950’s 1950

Mattachine Society Is Founded

Sept. 24, 1951

George Jorgensen Becomes Christine Jorgensen


APA Classifies Homosexuality as a Mental Disorder


ONE, Inc., Is Founded


U.S. Law Prohibits Gay and Lesbian Immigration


Kinsey Publishes Sexual Behavior in the Human Female


ONE Magazine Begins Publication


Evelyn Hooker Debunks Homosexuality as a “Sickness”

Apr. 27, 1953

U.S. President Eisenhower Prohibits Federal Employment of Lesbians and Gays


Daughters of Bilitis Founded as First National Lesbian Group in United States


Baldwin Publishes Giovanni’s Room


Foster Publishes Sex Variant Women in Literature

Jan. 1, 1957

United Kingdom’s Sexual Offences Act Becomes Law

Sept. 4, 1957

The Wolfenden Report Calls for Decriminalizing Private Consensual Sex

1960’s May, 1960

First National Lesbian Conference Convenes


Illinois Legalizes Consensual Homosexual Sex


Sarria Is First Out Gay or Lesbian Candidate for Public Office


Rechy Publishes City of Night

July 2-August 28, 1963

Rustin Organizes the March on Washington

Nov., 1965

Revolutionary Cuba Imprisons Gays

Feb. 19-20, 1966

First North American Conference of Homophile Organizations Convenes

Aug., 1966

Queer Youth Fight Police Harassment at Compton’s Cafeteria in San Francisco

Nov. 21, 1966

First Gender Identity Clinic Opens and Provides Gender Reassignment Surgery


Los Angeles Advocate Begins Publication

Mar. 7, 1967

CBS Airs CBS Reports: The Homosexuals

Apr. 19, 1967

First Student Homophile League Is Formed

May 22, 1967

U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Law Preventing Immigration of Gays and Lesbians

July 27, 1967

United Kingdom Decriminalizes Homosexual Sex

Fall, 1967

Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop Opens as First Gay Bookstore

Aug. 11-18, 1968

NACHO Formally Becomes the First Gay Political Coalition

Oct. 6, 1968

Metropolitan Community Church Is Founded


Nuestro Mundo Forms as First Queer Organization in Argentina


Gay Catholics Find Dignity

June 27-July 2, 1969

Stonewall Rebellion Ignites Modern Gay and Lesbian Rights Movement

July 31, 1969

Gay Liberation Front Is Formed

Aug. 26, 1969

Canada Decriminalizes Homosexual Acts

Oct. 31, 1969

Time Magazine Issues “The Homosexual in America”

1970’s 1970

Amazon Bookstore Opens as First Feminist-Lesbian Book Shop

May 1, 1970

Lavender Menace Protests Homophobia in Women’s Movement

May 1, 1970

Radicalesbians Issues “The Woman Identified Woman” Manifesto

June 28, 1970

First Lesbian and Gay Pride March in the United States

Nov. 28, 1970

Del Martin Quits Gay Liberation Movement


Kameny Is First Out Candidate for U.S. Congress


Lesbian Tide Publishes Its First Issue

Mar., 1971

Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Center Is Founded

June, 1971

The Gay Book Award Debuts

Nov., 1971

The Body Politic Begins Publication


Local Governments Pass Antidiscrimination Laws

Mar., 1972-Mar., 1973

First Gay and Lesbian Synagogue in the United States Is Formed

Mar. 22, 1972-June 30, 1982

Equal Rights Amendment Fails State Ratification

June 25, 1972

First Out Gay Minister Is Ordained

Nov. 7, 1972

Jordan Becomes First Black Congresswoman from the South


Brown Publishes Rubyfruit Jungle


Naiad Press Is Founded


National Gay Task Force Is Formed


Olivia Records Is Founded

Jan. 22, 1973

Roe v. Wade Legalizes Abortion and Extends Privacy Rights

June 21, 1973

U.S. Supreme Court Supports Local Obscenity Laws

Aug., 1973

American Bar Association Calls for Repeal of Laws Against Consensual Sex

Fall, 1973

Lesbian Herstory Archives Is Founded

Oct. 18, 1973

Lambda Legal Authorized to Practice Law

Dec. 15, 1973

Homosexuality is Delisted by the APA


Bisexual Forum Is Founded


The Front Runner Makes The New York Times Best-Seller List

Mar. 5, 1974

Antigay and Antilesbian Organizations Begin to Form

June 27, 1974

Abzug and Koch Attempt to Amend the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Oct., 1974

Lesbian Connection Begins Publication

Nov. 5, 1974

Noble Is First Out Lesbian or Gay Person to Win State-Level Election


First Gay and Lesbian Archives Is Founded


First Novel About Coming Out to Parents Is Published


Gay American Indians Is Founded


Rule Publishes Lesbian Images


Gay Latino Alliance Is Formed

July 3, 1975

U.S. Civil Service Commission Prohibits Discrimination Against Federal Employees

Sept., 1975

Anna Crusis Women’s Choir Is Formed

Nov. 17, 1975

U.S. Supreme Court Rules in “Crimes Against Nature” Case


Katz Publishes First Lesbian and Gay History Anthology


Army Reservist Ben-Shalom Sues for Reinstatement

Aug. 20-22, 1976

Michigan Womyn’s Music Festival Holds Its First Gathering


Anita Bryant Campaigns Against Gay and Lesbian Rights

Apr., 1977

Combahee River Collective Issues “A Black Feminist Statement”

Nov. 18-21, 1977

National Women’s Conference Convenes

Dec. 19, 1977

Quebec Includes Lesbians and Gays in Its Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms

Dec. 31, 1977

Toronto Police Raid Offices of The Body Politic


Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association Is Founded


Lesbian and Gay Workplace Movement Is Founded

July 3, 1978

U.S. Supreme Court Distinguishes Between “Indecent” and “Obscene”

Aug. 8, 1978

International Lesbian and Gay Association Is Founded

Nov. 7, 1978

Antigay and Antilesbian Briggs Initiative Is Defeated

Nov. 27, 1978

White Murders Politicians Moscone and Milk


Moral Majority Is Founded


First Gay British Television Series Airs

Oct. 12-15, 1979

First March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights

Oct. 12-15, 1979

First National Third World Lesbian and Gay Conference Convenes

Oct. 12-15, 1979

Lesbian and Gay Asian Collective Is Founded

1980’s 1980

Alyson Begins Publishing Gay and Lesbian Books


Gay Writers Form the Violet Quill

Apr. 22, 1980

Human Rights Campaign Fund Is Founded

May-Aug., 1980

U.S. Navy Investigates the USS Norton Sound in Antilesbian Witch-hunt

June 2, 1980

Canadian Gay Postal Workers Secure Union Protections


Faderman Publishes Surpassing the Love of Men


Gay and Lesbian Palimony Suits Emerge


Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays Is Founded


This Bridge Called My Back Is Published


GALA Choruses Is Formed

Feb. 5, 1981

Toronto Police Raid Gay Bathhouses

June 5 and July 3, 1981

Reports of Rare Diseases Mark Beginning of AIDS Epidemic

June 6-June 20, 1981

San Francisco Gay Men’s Chorus Concert Tour

Oct., 1981

Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press Is Founded

Dec. 8, 1981

New York City Gay Men’s Chorus Performs at Carnegie Hall


Lesbian and Gay Youth Protection Institute Is Founded


Lorde’s Autobiography Zami Is Published


Lesbian Academic and Activist Sues University of California for Discrimination

Feb. 25, 1982

Wisconsin Enacts First Statewide Gay and Lesbian Civil Rights Law

July, 1982

Gay-Related Immunodeficiency Is Renamed AIDS

Aug. 28, 1982

First Gay Games Are Held in San Francisco

July 14, 1983

Studds Is First Out Gay Man in the U.S. Congress

Sept., 1983

First National Lesbians of Color Conference Convenes

Spring, 1984

AIDS Virus Is Discovered

Oct. 9, 1984

San Francisco Closes Gay Bathhouses and Other Businesses

Nov. 6, 1984

West Hollywood Incorporates with Majority Gay and Lesbian City Council

Dec. 4, 1984

Berkeley Extends Benefits to Domestic Partners of City Employees


GLAAD Begins Monitoring Media Coverage of Gays and Lesbians


Lesbian Film Desert Hearts Is Released

July 25, 1985

Actor Hudson Announces He Has AIDS


Bowers v. Hardwick Upholds State Sodomy Laws


Paula Gunn Allen Publishes The Sacred Hoop

Jan., 1986

South Asian Newsletter Trikone Begins Publication

Sept., 1986

AZT Treats People with AIDS

Nov., 1986

Californians Reject LaRouche’s Quarantine Initiative


Anzaldúa Publishes Borderlands/La Frontera


Asian Pacific Lesbian Network Is Founded


Compañeras: Latina Lesbians Is Published


Shilts Publishes And the Band Played On


VIVA Is Founded to Promote Latina and Latino Artists

Mar., 1987

Radical AIDS Activist Group ACT UP Is Founded

Apr., 1987

Old Lesbians Organize for Change

May, 1987

Lambda Rising Book Report Begins Publication

May 30, 1987

U.S. Congressman Frank Comes Out as Gay

Oct. 11, 1987

Second March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights

Oct. 14-17, 1987

Latin American and Caribbean Lesbian Feminist Network Is Formed


Macho Dancer Is Released in the Philippines

Jan. 1, 1988

Canada Decriminalizes Sex Practices Between Consenting Adults

Mar. 20, 1988

M. Butterfly Opens on Broadway

May, 1988

Lavender Youth Recreation and Information Center Opens

June 27, 1988

Report of the Presidential AIDS Commission

Oct. 11, 1988

First National Coming Out Day Is Celebrated

Nov. 8, 1988

Oregon Repeals Ban on Antigay Job Discrimination

Dec. 1, 1988

First World AIDS Day


Act Up Paris Is Founded


Vaid Becomes Executive Director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force


Helms Claims Mapplethorpe’s Photographs Are Indecent

Jan. 21, 1989

Death of Transgender Jazz Musician Billy Tipton

May 1, 1989

U.S. Supreme Court Rules Gender-Role Stereotyping Is Discriminatory

May 3, 1989

Watkins v. United States Army Reinstates Gay Soldier

June 2, 1989

Lambda Literary Award Is Created

Dec. 10, 1989

ACT UP Protests at St. Patrick’s Cathedral

1990’s 1990

International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission Is Founded


United Lesbians of African Heritage Is Founded


Artists Sue the National Endowment for the Arts

1990, 1994

Coming Out Under Fire Documents Gay and Lesbian Military Veterans

Mar. 20, 1990

Queer Nation Is Founded

June, 1990

BiNet USA Is Formed

July 26, 1990

Americans with Disabilities Act Becomes Law

Dec., 1990

Asian Lesbian Network Holds Its First Conference


LeVay Postulates the “Gay Brain”


Revisionist Criticism Recasts Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz


Stone Publishes “A Posttranssexual Manifesto”

Apr. 6, 1991

Asian Lesbians and Gays Protest Lambda Fund-Raiser

Aug., 1991

Leather Archives and Museum Is Founded

Aug. 27, 1991

The Advocate Outs Pentagon Spokesman Pete Williams

Sept. 29, 1991

California Governor Wilson Vetoes Antidiscrimination Bill

Dec. 17, 1991

Minnesota Court Awards Guardianship to Lesbian Partner

Dec. 30, 1991-Feb. 22, 1993

Canada Grants Asylum Based on Sexual Orientation


Canadian YMCA Extends Family Discounts to Gays and Lesbians


Transgender Nation Holds Its First Protest


Celebrity Lesbians Come Out


Indians Struggle to Abolish Sodomy Law

Apr. 27, 1992

Canadian Government Antigay Campaign Is Revealed

June, 1992

Feinberg Publishes Transgender Liberation

Sept. 23, 1992

Massachusetts Grants Family Rights to Gay and Lesbian State Workers

Oct., 1992

Canadian Military Lifts Its Ban on Gays and Lesbians

Nov. 3, 1992

Oregon and Colorado Attempt Antigay Initiatives


Intersex Society of North America Is Founded


Monette Wins the National Book Award for Becoming a Man


The Wedding Banquet Is First Acclaimed Taiwanese Gay-Themed Film


Hawaii Opens Door to Same-Gender Marriages

Mar.-Apr., 1993

Battelle Sex Study Prompts Conservative Backlash

Apr. 24, 1993

First Dyke March Is Held in Washington, D.C.

Apr. 25, 1993

March on Washington for Gay, Lesbian, and Bi Equal Rights and Liberation

May 24, 1993

Achtenberg Becomes Assistant Housing Secretary

June 25, 1993

Clinton Appoints First AIDS Czar

Sept. 21, 1993-April 21, 1995

Lesbian Mother Loses Custody of Her Child

Nov. 30, 1993

Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Policy Is Implemented

Dec. 24, 1993-Dec. 31, 1993

Transgender Man Brandon Teena Raped and Murdered


Employment Non-Discrimination Act Is Proposed to U.S. Congress


National Association of Lesbian and Gay Community Centers Is Founded


Navratilova Honored for Her Career in Tennis

June, 1994

Stonewall 25 March and Rallies Are Held in New York City

Aug. 6, 1994

Japanese American Citizens League Supports Same-Gender Marriage

Sept. 16, 1994

U.N. Revokes Consultative Status of International Lesbian and Gay Association


The Advocate Outs Oscar Nominee Nigel Hawthorne


Athlete Louganis Announces He Is HIV-Positive

June 17, 1995

International Bill of Gender Rights Is First Circulated

Dec. 4, 1995

Lesbian Couple Murdered in Oregon


Hart Recognized as a Transgender Man

Sept. 21, 1996

U.S. President Clinton Signs Defense of Marriage Act


Transgender Scholarship Proliferates

Apr. 2, 1998

Canadian Supreme Court Reverses Gay Academic’s Firing

Oct. 6-7, 1998

Gay College Student Shepard Is Beaten and Murdered

Oct. 9-12, 1998

First International Retreat for Lesbian and Gay Muslims Is Held

Dec. 3, 1998-Feb. 25, 1999

Screening of Fire Ignites Violent Protests in India

Oct. 27, 1999

Littleton v. Prange Withholds Survivor Rights from Transsexual Spouses

Nov., 1999

First Middle Eastern Gay and Lesbian Organization Is Founded

Dec. 20, 1999

Baker v. Vermont Leads to Recognition of Same-Gender Civil Unions

2000’s Jan. 12, 2000

United Kingdom Lifts Ban on Gays and Lesbians in the Military

Mar. 21, 2000

Hollywood Awards Transgender Portrayals in Film

June 28, 2000

Boy Scouts of America v. Dale

Apr. 20, 2001

Chinese Psychiatric Association Removes Homosexuality from List of Mental Disorders

May 25, 2001

Japanese Human Rights Council Recommends Lesbian and Gay Rights

Sept. 7, 2001

First Gay and Lesbian Television Network Is Launched in Canada


Sylvia Rivera Law Project Is Founded

Apr. 30, 2002

Transgender Rights Added to New York City Law

June 19, 2002

Gays and Lesbians March for Equal Rights in Mexico City

June 28, 2002

Irish American Lesbian Gains Canadian Immigrant Status

Oct. 4, 2002

Transgender Teen Gwen Araujo Is Murdered in California

Feb. 21, 2003

Australian Court Validates Transsexual Marriage

Mar., 2003-Dec., 2004

Transsexuals Protest Academic Exploitation

Mar. 21, 2003

New Mexico Amends Its Human Rights Act

Apr., 2003

Buenos Aires Recognizes Same-Gender Civil Unions

June 17, 2003, and July 19, 2005

Canada Legalizes Same-Gender Marriage

June 26, 2003

U.S. Supreme Court Overturns Texas Sodomy Law

July, 2003

Singapore Lifts Ban on Hiring Lesbian and Gay Employees

July, 2003

Wal-Mart Adds Lesbians and Gays to Its Antidiscrimination Policy

Nov. 18, 2003

Massachusetts Court Rules for Same-Gender Marriage

Nov. 20, 2003

Transgender Day of Remembrance and Remembering Our Dead Project

Mar. 7, 2004

Robinson Becomes First Out Gay Bishop in Christian History

May 17, 2004

Transgender Athletes Allowed to Compete in Olympic Games

Nov. 18, 2004

United Kingdom Legalizes Same-Gender Civil Partnerships

Apr. 4, 2005

United Kingdom’s Gender Recognition Act Legalizes Transsexual Marriage

June 30, 2005

Spain Legalizes Same-Gender Marriage

Nov. 29, 2005

Roman Catholic Church Bans Gay Seminarians

Jan., 2006

Jiménez Flores Elected to the Mexican Senate

Mar. 5, 2006

Brokeback Mountain, Capote, and Transamerica Receive Oscars

Categories: History