Body of decisional, or judge-made, laws applied by federal courts.
The Supreme Court holding, in United States v. Hudson and Goodwin
However, the expected uniformity was never achieved. The failure of the states to adopt the federal models led to competing systems of state and federal common law. Far from promoting uniformity among the states, Swift caused confusion and uncertainty within the states. In Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins
Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins
Hudson and Goodwin, United States v.
Judiciary Act of 1789
Swift v. Tyson