Iowa: Other Historic Sites Summary

  • Last updated on November 10, 2022

Defined by the Mississippi River on the east and the Missouri River on the west, Iowa is a rolling stretch of lush, green prairie with rich, black soil and ample rainfall for growing crops.

Blood Run Site

Location: Sioux Falls, Lyon County

Relevant issues: American Indian history

Statement of significance: Blood Run Site is the only known mound group attributable to the Oneota culture, which is ancestral to many midwestern Native American groups. The archaeological complex consists of the remains of a village that once included more than 158 visible conical burial mounds and an effigy earthwork. Limited archaeological data indicate Native American occupation of this site in the early 1700’s extending back perhaps as far as 1300 c.e.

Floyd Monument

Location: Sioux City, Woodbury County

Relevant issues: Western expansion

Statement of significance: This one hundred-foot obelisk commemorates the burial of Sergeant Floyd, the only member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition to lose his life during the expedition.

Fort Des Moines Provisional Army Officer Training School

Location: Des Moines, Polk County

Relevant issues: African American history, military history, World War I

Statement of significance: Here, on June 17, 1917, one thousand black college men and two hundred noncommissioned officers from the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Infantry and the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry Regiments were sworn into the Provisional Army Officer Training School; on October 15, 639 men graduated from the course and received their commissions. Black units led by the officers trained here were assembled in France as the Ninety-second Division; this gallant division, composed entirely of African American troops, received many citations and awards for meritorious and distinguished conduct in combat against the Imperial German Army on the approaches to Metz in the Lorraine.

Hepburn House

Location: Clarinda, Page County

Relevant issues: Political history

Statement of significance: From about 1867 to 1916, this was the residence of William P. Hepburn (1833-1916), the congressman who introduced the Hepburn Act (1906), giving the federal government the power to set railroad rates, a precedent in federal regulation of private industry.

Hoover Birthplace

Location: West Branch, Cedar County

Relevant issues: Political history

Statement of significance: This was the birthplace of Herbert Hoover (1874-1964), the thirty-first president of the United States (1929-1933). This two-room frame cottage in West Branch was his home in 1884.

Toolesboro Mound Group

Location: Toolesboro, Louisa County

Relevant issues: American Indian history

Statement of significance: First excavated in 1875, this is the best-preserved Hopewell site in Iowa, representing an extension of the “classic” Hopewellian mortuary practices of the Illinois River Valley.

Weaver House

Location: Bloomfield, Davis County

Relevant issues: Political history

Statement of significance: From about 1865 to 1890, this was the home of James B. Weaver (1833-1912), Populist candidate for president and antimonopolist. Weaver was a proponent of the graduated income tax and principal sponsor of free coinage of silver.

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