Authors: John O’Hara

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

American short-story writer and novelist

Author Works

Short Fiction:

The Doctor’s Son, and Other Stories, 1935

Hope of Heaven, 1938

Files on Parade, 1939

Pal Joey, 1940

Pipe Night, 1945

Hellbox, 1947

Assembly, 1961

The Cape Code Lighter, 1962

The Hat on the Bed, 1963

The Horse Knows the Way, 1964

Waiting for Winter, 1966

And Other Stories, 1968

The O’Hara Generation, 1969

The Time Element, and Other Stories, 1972

Good Samaritan, and Other Stories, 1974

Long Fiction:

Appointment in Samarra, 1934

Butterfield 8, 1935

A Rage to Live, 1949

The Farmer’s Hotel, 1951

Ten North Frederick, 1955

A Family Party, 1956

From the Terrace, 1958

Ourselves to Know, 1960

Sermons and Soda Water, 1960

The Big Laugh, 1962

Elizabeth Appleton, 1963

The Lockwood Concern, 1965

The Instrument, 1967

Lovey Childs: A Philadelphian’s Story, 1969

The Ewings, 1972

Drama:

Five Plays, pb. 1961

Two by O’Hara, pb. 1979 (includes Far from Heaven, 1962, and the screenplay The Man Who Could Not Lose, 1959)

Nonfiction:

Sweet and Sour, 1954

My Turn, 1966

A Cub Tells His Story, 1974

An Artist Is His Own Fault, 1977

Biography

The first of eight children, John Henry O’Hara was born January 31, 1905, in Pottsville, Pennsylvania (later the Gibbsville of his fiction), to Katharine Delaney O’Hara and her considerably older husband, Patrick Henry O’Hara. Before he was legally old enough to drive, O’Hara was pressed into service as a chauffeur for his physician father during the influenza epidemic of 1918-1919, an experience from which he would later develop “The Doctor’s Son,” the title story of his first collection and perhaps the strongest of his early stories. Trained as a reporter, the young O’Hara nevertheless planned to attend Yale University until the sudden death of his father changed the O’Hara family’s fortunes.{$I[AN]9810000985}{$I[A]O’Hara, John[OHara, John]}{$I[geo]UNITED STATES;O’Hara, John[OHara, John]}{$I[tim]1905;O’Hara, John[OHara, John]}

John O’Hara

(Library of Congress)

Determined to write, as a journalist if need be, O’Hara worked for a variety of newspapers in Chicago and New York, eventually attracting attention with jokes and other short pieces published by friendly columnists who admired his work. In time, he became a regular contributor to The New Yorker magazine, although his employment situation remained unstable until 1934, when he published Appointment in Samarra and was hired almost at once to write for the motion-picture studios in Hollywood. His short fiction, meanwhile, continued to appear in The New Yorker and in collections.

His first marriage, to Helen Petit, having ended in divorce after two years, O’Hara in 1938 married Belle Wylie, who would remain his wife (and in time was the mother of his only child) until her death in 1954. Rejected for military service during World War II because of his age and various health problems, O’Hara served briefly as a war correspondent for the now defunct Liberty magazine. Two more volumes of short stories followed, dealing in part with O’Hara’s wartime and postwar experiences.

O’Hara, meanwhile, was turning his energies increasingly toward longer fiction–considerably longer, in fact, than any of his previously published novels. Seldom praised by “serious” critics and reviewers, with whom he seemed to exist in a state of mutual distrust, O’Hara with his postwar novels drew harsher criticism than ever before. A particularly negative review of A Rage to Live in The New Yorker caused him to sever all relations with the magazine. This rupture lasted ten years, as did his loss of interest in writing short fiction. For O’Hara, the 1950’s was largely a decade of long, exhaustive novels, several of which were successfully filmed. The novels from A Rage to Live onward also drew strong censure concerning O’Hara’s frank, often graphic treatment of his characters’ sex lives.

Reconciled with The New Yorker after 1960, when the magazine’s editors agreed to publish the three short novellas collected in Sermons and Soda Water, O’Hara devoted most of what would be the last decade of his life to the plotting and execution of well-crafted short fiction, dealing both with the historical present and with the period of his own youth, between the two world wars. Although O’Hara continued to write and publish novels, most of his energy and true talent found their outlet in short stories, generally longer and more detailed than the early pieces that had established his reputation at The New Yorker, although a number of his later tales were in fact first published in that magazine.

Married in 1955 to Katherine (“Sister”) Barnes Bryan, the former wife of a friend, O’Hara spent his last years on the rural outskirts of Princeton, New Jersey, recalling and recording the first half of the twentieth century in memorable short fiction until his death at the age of sixty-five.

Largely shunned by the critical establishment, no doubt because of his appeal to the popular market and his fondness for lurid detail, O’Hara is now recognized among the major prose writers of his time, notable for the acuity of his social observations and his keen ear for dialogue. Alert to the smallest details of speech, dress, and behavior, O’Hara in the 1940’s came to be considered as a novelist of manners, his work frequently compared to that of John P. Marquand.

Like Marquand, O’Hara had begun his life in relative affluence, only to find the family fortunes reversed toward the end of his adolescence. Keenly alert to social nuances, O’Hara used his unsought outsider status to analyze, and criticize, the lifestyles of those who still belonged to the perceived “establishment.” To his credit, however, O’Hara did not limit his observations to the rich and famous: He is also quite effective in his descriptions of white-and blue-collar workers; as a doctor’s son, he had witnessed all conditions of life as he was reared in a small but self-important city dependent upon the local coal mines.

Like John Cheever, who also gained his first recognition as a writer of short fiction for The New Yorker, O’Hara is more likely to be remembered for his short fiction than for his novels. Although similar in theme and tone to his shorter pieces, O’Hara’s novels (with the notable exception of his first, Appointment in Samarra, a truly remarkable achievement) lack the incisive impact of his finest short stories.

One possible reason for O’Hara’s slow recognition by critics is that his tales, long or short, are largely self-explanatory, defying critical analysis of their immediate effect upon the reader. Drawing upon commonly shared experiences such as ambition, failed love, and death (not infrequently by suicide), O’Hara invariably managed to establish communication with his readers, doing so with such apparent ease that his accomplishment was easy to dismiss. His influence upon younger writers, however, has been considerable, particularly through the mediation of John Updike, whose accomplishment, although possibly greater, owes much to O’Hara’s precedent.

BibliographyBruccoli, Matthew J. The O’Hara Concern. New York: Random House, 1975. A carefully researched scholarly biography that reconstructs O’Hara’s life and career in scrupulous detail, showing the evolution of his talent and thematic interests. Particularly authoritative in its account of O’Hara’s break–and eventual reconciliation–with The New Yorker, and the impact of both events on his approach to short fiction. Bruccoli’s biography is useful also for its exhaustive primary and secondary bibliography.Eppard, Philip B., ed. Critical Essays on John O’Hara. New York: G. K. Hall, 1994. Divided into sections on reviews and essays. All of O’Hara’s major fiction is discussed, as well as his relationship to naturalism, his view of society, his short stories, and his view of politics, the family, and small towns. Includes a comprehensive introductory chapter on O’Hara’s career and the reception of his novels, but no bibliography.Farr, Finis. O’Hara. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973. Written by a journalist of O’Hara’s own generation, Farr’s was the first O’Hara biography and, indeed, the first book to be written about O’Hara after his death, including discussion of novels and stories published during the last five years of his life. Somewhat more anecdotal in tone and scope than Bruccoli’s biography, Farr’s book, intended for the general reader, nevertheless includes penetrating readings of selected novels and stories, together with a brief but useful bibliography.Goldleaf, Steven. John O’Hara: A Study of the Short Fiction. New York: Twayne, 1999. An excellent introduction to O’Hara’s short stories. Includes bibliographical references and an index.Grebstein, Sheldon Norman. John O’Hara. New Haven, Conn.: College and University Press, 1966. The first full-length study of O’Hara’s narrative prose, prepared somewhat too soon to take in the full range of the author’s later short fiction. Grebstein’s volume discusses at length O’Hara’s ongoing problems with the critical establishment; although Grebstein strives to achieve objectivity, it is clear that he tends to share the establishment’s skeptical view of O’Hara’s accomplishments. Grebstein does, however, provide good “readings” of such stories as were then available to him.Grimes, William. “The John O’Hara Cult, at Least, Is Faithful.” The New York Times, November 9, 1996, p. 17. An account of a panel discussion on O’Hara by five of his most ardent fans; the group chose O’Hara’s Appointment in Samarra, as the best introduction to O’Hara’s work.MacShane, Frank. The Life of John O’Hara. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1980. Looks at O’Hara’s life through his work. A thorough study well worth reading for its valuable insights.MacShane, Frank. Introduction to Collected Stories of John O’Hara. New York: Random House, 1984. MacShane, author of a somewhat sensational, if academically sound, biography of O’Hara, is perhaps most notable for his carefully prepared anthology of the author’s shorter fiction, preceded by a most perceptive introduction. No small part of MacShane’s accomplishment is the selection itself, covering the full length of O’Hara’s career, yet subtly–and quite justifiably–weighted toward the stories written after 1960.Quinn, Joseph L. “A Cold-Weather Journey with John O’Hara.” America 169 (December 18-25, 1993): 17-21. Points out that throughout his career, O’Hara was preoccupied with the harsh winters and small-town atmosphere of Pottsville, Pennsylvania, the industrial coal-mining community where he was raised; discusses his links to F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway.
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