Public Law 102-702, signed into law by President Ronald Reagan, placed stringent limits on the types of cases that the Supreme Court is required to hear on appeal.
Passed by Congress to address the concerns of justices about the growing caseload
The act was a continuation of a trend on the part of the Congress to reduce incrementally the Court’s mandatory jurisdiction (types of cases that the Court is legally obligated to hear) by routing increasing numbers of cases through the process of certiorari, in which the Court has the final say as to whether it will hear a case. Following the passage of the act, the Court heard dramatically fewer cases on appeal and increasingly decided these cases summarily, without hearing arguments or rendering formal opinions.
Certiorari, writ of
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judiciary Acts of 1801-1925