New Hampshire: Other Historic Sites Summary

  • Last updated on November 10, 2022

A list of important historic sites in New Hampshire.

Albacore

Location: Portsmouth Maritime Museum, Portsmouth, Rockingham County

Relevant issues: Naval history

Statement of significance: Albacore (1953), an experimental, diesel-electric submarine represents a revolution in naval architecture. Designed to be a true submarine, in which surface characteristics are subordinated to underwater performance, it was much quieter, faster, and more maneuverable than any earlier submarine. Through a series of tests of various configurations it provided the model for all future U.S. Navy and most foreign submarines.

Bartlett House

Location: Kingston, Rockingham County

Relevant issues: Colonial America, political history

Statement of significance: From 1774 until his death, this was the home of Josiah Bartlett (1729-1795), physician, Revolutionary patriot, and signer of the Declaration of Independence and constitution for New Hampshire. Bartlett also served as chief justice and governor of the state.

Canterbury Shaker Village

Location: Canterbury, Merrimack County

Relevant issues: Religion

Statement of significance: Designed, built, and inhabited by Shakers for two hundred years, Canterbury Shaker Village is considered among the most intact and authentic of the surviving Shaker villages–the largest, most successful, and best known of America’s nineteenth century communal utopian societies. The stark harmony of the well-ordered, practical structures of this village illustrates well the Shaker principle of simple beauty through function.

Chase Birthplace and Boyhood Home

Location: Cornish Flat, Sullivan County

Relevant issues: Political history

Statement of significance: From 1808 to 1816, this was the childhood home of Salmon P. Chase (1808-1873), who served Ohio in the U.S. Senate (1849-1855, 1861) and as governor (1855-1859) and the nation as secretary of the Treasury (1861-1864) and chief justice (1864-1873). In the latter capacity, he presided over the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.

Cummings House

Location: Silver Lake, Carroll County

Relevant issues: Literary history

Statement of significance: This white clapboard farmhouse is associated with one of the most innovative poets of the twentieth century, E. E. Cummings (1894-1962). From 1923 until his death, “Joy Farm,” set in an unspoiled rolling, wooded countryside, was the summer home of Edward Estlin Cummings.

Frost Homestead

Location: Derry, Rockingham County

Relevant issues: Literary history

Statement of significance: From 1900 to 1909, this thirteen-acre farm was the home of Robert Frost (1874-1963), one of the few twentieth century poets to command both critical respect and wide readership. Frost authored eleven volumes of poetry and on four occasions won the Pulitzer Prize in poetry (1924, 1931, 1937, and 1943).

Harrisville Historic District

Location: Harrisville and vicinity, Cheshire County

Relevant issues: Cultural history

Statement of significance: Harrisville is an exceptionally well-preserved industrial community of the early nineteenth century. Its complex of mills, stores, boardinghouses, dwellings, churches, and other buildings is virtually intact.

Jones House

Location: Portsmouth, Rockingham County

Relevant issues: Naval history, Revolutionary War

Statement of significance: For two years (1781-1782), this large rectangular two-and-a-half-story wood boardinghouse was the residence of John Paul Jones (1747-1792), Scottish-born American naval officer and hero. While here, Jones supervised the construction of America, a ship of the line for the Continental Navy.

Langdon Mansion

Location: Portsmouth, Rockingham County

Relevant issues: Political history, Revolutionary War

Statement of significance: Erected in 1784, this home, one of the great Georgian houses of America, was the residence of Governor John Langdon (1741-1819), a leading figure in New Hampshire mercantile, military, and political affairs for more than forty years. Langdon served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 1787 and as the first president pro tempore of the United States Senate. His house was built by local craftsmen who derived details from architectural guidebooks by British author Abraham Stone.

MacDowell Colony

Location: Peterborough, Hillsborough County

Relevant issues: Cultural history

Statement of significance: Established in 1908 as a living memorial to Edward MacDowell (1861-1908), one of the first Americans to be recognized as a composer of serious music, the colony–forty-two buildings on four hundred acres of forest and meadow land–has since become known internationally as a retreat where men and women gifted in the arts enjoy ideal conditions for creative work.

Mount Washington Hotel

Location: Bretton Woods, Coos County

Relevant issues: Business and industry, political history

Statement of significance: This was the largest spa (352 rooms) in the White Mountains when it opened in 1902. Built in Spanish-Renaissance style, it is a large wooden frame, Y-shaped structure with two five-story octagonal towers. Its isolation and scale made it the choice location of the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, an international gathering of economists, lawyers, and politicians to chart a blueprint for the world’s monetary system. The World Bank was established at this conference.

Pierce Homestead

Location: Hillsborough, Hillsborough County

Relevant issues: Political history

Statement of significance: From infancy until his marriage in 1834, this two-story frame and clapboard house was the home of Franklin Pierce (1804-1869), fourteenth president of the United States. Pierce held office during one of the most critical periods (1853-1857) of the antebellum generation; during his tenure, the apparent calm of the Missouri Compromise of 1850 gave way to the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, “Bleeding Kansas,” and the renewed sectional storms which resulted in the Civil War.

Sullivan House

Location: Durham, Strafford County

Relevant issues: Military history, Revolutionary War

Statement of significance: From 1764 until his death, this two-story, L-shaped wood structure was the home of John Sullivan (1740-1795), a major general during the War for Independence and one of George Washington’s ablest officers. In December, 1774, leading four hundred Portsmouth Sons of Liberty, Sullivan captured Fort William and Mary at the entrance of Portsmouth Harbor, appropriating its weapons and stores for the patriotic cause.

Webster Family Home

Location: West Franklin, Merrimack County

Relevant issues: Political history

Statement of significance: From 1800 until the end of his days, The Elms served Daniel Webster (1782-1852) as a home, vacation retreat, and experimental farm. The gravesites of his parents and four brothers and sisters are located here.

Categories: History Content