Asterisk denotes entries on real places.
Clune na Geera (cloon naw GEAR-ah). Irish parish in which Ormand Manor is located. Clune na Geera is a provincial region with a strong personality of its own, which is expressed in its residents’ skeptical attitude toward outsiders. Though offering a backdrop of natural beauty where the work party’s foreman, Jack O’Killigain, and Avril can go on romantic horseback rides, its workmen are individualists who cannot be rushed and often seem perversely determined to ignore instructions. Its parish priest is harshly antimodern but pragmatically willing to accept generous donations from men like Stoke, whose lavish way of living flouts his puritanical standards.
*Ireland. The play’s Irish setting is the scene of a clash of cultural myths. Exploited by Great Britain in the days of the British Empire, Ireland was long dominated by a Protestant “ascendancy” class of gentlemen landlords, who gradually lost their power after the coming of Ireland’s independence. Nevertheless, to nostalgic English imperialists and Anglo-Irish writers, Ireland has been a land of pastoral enchantment, except for her stubborn people, who obstinately refuse to cooperate with English attitudes and myths about the past. Nevertheless, O’Casey’s two pitiable English businessmen, Stoke and Poges, imagine they can recapture this romance in a fantasy life in a mansion of the “ascendancy” or “great house” days, which they will restore with their wealth. For the Irish workmen hired to do the restoration, however, their country’s landscape has different associations. For some, Ireland is a stubborn land that grudgingly yields a meager living. However, for O’Killigain, the foreman who has returned from the Spanish Civil War, it is a homeland to be reformed and redeemed from poverty and priestcraft. For Philip O’Dempsey, the visionary second workman, Ireland is a land haunted by ancient Celtic myths and by the legends of the great Irish patriots Wolfe Tone and Charles Stewart Parnell.