Asterisk denotes entries on real places.
*Besançon (buh-zohn-SOHN). Capital city of the Franche-Comté, nestled beneath a hillside fortress. This locale marks a movement for Julien into the broader world in the last third of book 1. As a key nineteenth century military center where Julien enters not the army but a seminary, Besançon offers scope for both his red (soldierly) and his black (clerical) aspirations. In the Besançon seminary, as in Verrières, Julien is alienated from his peers by his finer values.
*Paris. Capital of France. Book 2 shifts the action to Paris, where Julien takes up residence in his employer’s sumptuous home, the Hôtel de la Mole, situated in the fashionable Faubourg Saint-Germain. Having imagined the city both as the theater of the world, where he can achieve success, and as the center of intrigue and hypocrisy, Julien appreciates his new patron’s kindness alongside the greater political stimulation, breeding, and sophistication of the capital. Even so, in this aristocratic milieu he suffers no less than before from the mediocrity and conventionality that Stendhal consistently attributes to postrestoration French society at all levels. Two historical locations in particular emphasize the gulf between the heroic passion and vigor of the past and the anemic lives of the de la Moles: Malmaison, the only site Julien visits on his arrival, formerly Napoleon’s home outside Paris, and the Place de Grève, where the lover of Queen Marquerite de Navarre, Boniface de la Mole, written into the novel as the fictional family’s ancestor, was unjustly beheaded.
*Vergy (vehr-ZHEE). Small French town near Dijon named after a thirteenth century heroine of romance who committed suicide because of love rivalry. It is here that Stendhal locates the country home of Verrières’s philistine mayor, Monsieur de Rênal. The author describes these surroundings in terms evoking the countryside outside Grenoble, where he himself spent happy childhood days with his sister. In the novel, Vergy becomes the quintessential pastoral retreat from social corruption: In its garden, its woods, and its closeness to nature, Julien attains some peace of mind, falls in love with Madame de Rênal, and wins her love as well as her children’s. In the last chapter of the novel, he recalls Vergy as an idyll from which he foolishly let his ambitions lure him.
Bray-le-Haut (BRAY-luh-oh). Fictional abbey outside Verrières, possibly modeled on the St. Marie d’en Haut church and convent outside Grenoble. Here Julien, dazzled by the glamorous power of a young bishop officiating at ceremonies for a visiting king, participates in celebrations first as a guard of honor, then as a subdeacon–his cassock and the spurs showing beneath it symbolic of his two possible career choices.
*Strasbourg. Northeastern French city where Julien stays as a courier, taking the opportunity to visit nearby Kehl, a town where two of Napoleon’s generals won a glorious victory in 1796. Once again, Stendhal suggests that contemporary France is a lackluster shadow of its revolutionary past.