The Women of Brewster Place Characters

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

First published: 1982

Type of work: Novel

Type of plot: Social realism

Time of work: Unspecified, but most likely during and after the 1960’s

Locale: An urban neighborhood in the North

Characters DiscussedMattie Michael

Mattie Women of Brewster Place, TheMichael, a strong, elderly, unmarried black woman who reared a son before moving to Brewster Place. Mattie is the pivotal character in the novel. It is her own personal tragedies–her father’s shame and rejection when he learns that she is pregnant; the loss of her son, Basil, whom she loves dearly; the loss of her worldly possessions–that make her sensitive to the tragedies of others. She is the character who breathes life and hope into the dismal atmosphere of Brewster Place. At the end of the novel, Mattie is the first to begin tearing down the wall that makes Brewster Place a literal and figurative dead end for its residents. In their symbolic protest and rage, she and the other women in the community join together to fight their condition instead of being ruled by it.

Etta Mae Johnson

Etta Mae Johnson, Mattie’s closest friend, an attractive woman who carries herself with pride. In Rock Vale, the town in which Mattie and Etta grew up, there was no place for a woman with Etta’s rebellious, independent spirit. She refused to play by society’s rules and spent most of her life moving to one major city after another, from one promising black man to another, in the hope that one of them would take care of her. Upon her return to Brewster Place, Etta learns that her friend Mattie can give her what she is searching for, things that no man has ever given her: love, comfort, and friendship.

Kiswana Browne

Kiswana Browne, formerly Melanie, a young black woman who rejects her parents’ middle-class values, changes her name, and boasts of her African heritage. She is also an activist who organizes a tenants’ association at Brewster Place. Kiswana, in her naïveté, believes that her mother is ashamed of being black because she leads a middle-class existence. Finally realizing that she and her mother are not so different, that they are both women who are proud of their heritage and who desire to improve the lot of future generations, Kiswana learns to be more tolerant to those whose lifestyles are different from hers.

Luciela Louise Turner

Luciela Louise Turner, a young married woman, the granddaughter of Eva Turner, the woman who befriended and sheltered Mattie years earlier. She constantly makes excuses for her husband’s frequent absences from her and their month-old baby. When her husband learns that she is pregnant again, he threatens to leave her. In an attempt to prevent his leaving once more, she gets an abortion. When her daughter dies in a household accident, however, Luciela loses her connection with life and the ability to feel. She slowly begins to waste away. Mattie refuses to accept her friend’s gradual suicide and rocks Luciela in her arms until Luciela is able to feel, to express her sorrow, and to return to life again.

Cora Lee

Cora Lee, a young, unmarried high school dropout who continues to have babies because she loves children. After reluctantly agreeing to attend a performance of a William Shakespeare play with her children at Kiswana’s insistence, Cora Lee begins to change her outlook on life and motherhood. She realizes that her children are more than playthings, more than her baby dolls; they are human beings with needs and desires of their own.

Theresa

Theresa, a lesbian who is Lorraine’s lover. She has been with men (some of whom were kind, others cruel), but she is drawn naturally to women. In her direct and outspoken manner, she insists that being a lesbian means being different, by nature, from other people. It means being outside society, because society punishes those who are different in such an intense way. She prefers to ignore the straight world and socializes only with lesbians. She is jealous of Lorraine’s friendship with Ben, the janitor.

Lorraine

Lorraine, a teacher who fears society’s condemnation of her lesbian relationship with Theresa. Her view of what it means to be a lesbian is very different from Theresa’s. She detests the word “lesbian” and insists that she is not different from other people. In the past, however, she has suffered more than Theresa for her choice. Her father disowned her, and she lost her teaching job in Detroit and fears that she could be fired again. She and Theresa have moved many times because of her fears. She craves social acceptance and cannot accept being cut off from the community. Ben is the only one in the community who does not view her as being different. Becoming a scapegoat for the entire community’s fears and prejudices, near the end of the novel she is brutally raped by a group of gang members.

Ben

Ben, the elderly, alcoholic janitor of Brewster Place. He is a kind, gentle, and nonjudgmental man who sees some of his own daughter in Lorraine and who comforts her when she is rejected and ridiculed by the women of Brewster Place. Ben is killed by Lorraine when he appears in the alley where she has just been raped.

BibliographyChristian, Barbara. “Gloria Naylor’s Geography: Community, Class, and Patriarchy in The Women of Brewster Place and Linden Hills. ” In New Black Feminist Criticism, 1975-2000, edited by Gloria Bowles. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2007. Contrasts the two worlds of Brewster Place and Linden Hills, regards Kiswana as the link between the novels, and places Naylor in a literary context.Fraser, Celeste. “Stealing B(l)ack Voices: The Myth of the Black Matriarchy and The Women of Brewster Place. ” Critical Matrix 5 (Fall/Winter, 1989): 65-88. Reads Naylor’s novel as a refutation of conservative political theory that calls for breaking the power of the black matriarchy. Cites Naylor’s refusal to depict a single uniform image of black women or black families in opposition to the monolithic image white politicians describe. Considers the novel to be an attack on patriarchy.Kelly, Lori Duin. “The Dream Sequence in The Women of Brewster Place. ” Notes on Contemporary Literature 21 (September, 1991): 8-10. Focuses on the blood on the brick wall, finding the blood to be a symbol of female experience (birth, menstruation, loss of virginity). Sees the dismantling of the wall as an expression of rage at women’s collective experience with males.Matus, Jill L. “Dream, Deferral, and Closure in The Women of Brewster Place. ” Black American Literature Forum 24 (Spring, 1990): 49-64. Relates the novel to Hughes’s prefatory poem about the “dream deferred,” seeing the marginalized women in the last story as experiencing a cathartic dream of resistance followed by an affirmation of personal dreams.Naylor, Gloria, and Toni Morrison. “A Conversation.” The Southern Review 21 (Summer, 1985): 567-593. Naylor maintains that she “bent over backwards not to have a negative image come through about the men” and that she focused on telling women’s stories that had not been told enough in literature.Pearlman, Mickey. “An Interview with Gloria Naylor.” High Plains Literary Review 5 (Spring, 1990): 98-107. Concerns space and memory in Naylor’s novels. Discusses her graduate work at Yale and the conflict between writing and attending school.Saunders, James Robert. “The Ornamentation of Old Ideas: Gloria Naylor’s First Three Novels.” The Hollins Critic 27 (April, 1990): 1-11. Compares The Women of Brewster Place to Ann Petry’s The Street and notes that in both novels three generations of men fail the protagonist. Observes that the two novels differ in their treatment of “sisterly love.” Naylor’s is the more optimistic portrait.Wells, Linda, Sandra E. Bowen, and Suzanne Stutman. “’What Shall I Give My Children?’ The Role of Mentor in Gloria Naylor’s The Women of Brewster Place and Paule Marshall’s Praisesong for the Widow. ” Explorations in Ethnic Studies 13 (July, 1990): 41-60. Asserts that Naylor uses a series of mentors who are linked to other mentors by healing communal experiences. Sees Mattie Michael as the central consciousness and the moral agent in the novel. The negative image of men is seen as a product of their selfishness.
Categories: Characters