Authors: Thomas Deloney

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

Last reviewed: June 2018

English novelist, balladist, and pamphleteer.


Norwich, England

April 1, 1600



Thomas Deloney was a hack writer of Elizabethan London and the author of innumerable occasional ballads and broadside sheets as well as a pioneer in English prose fiction. As a boy, he learned the trade of a weaver, and he began writing ballads on contemporary events while working at his trade in Norwich. About 1585, he moved to London, where he seems to have devoted all of his time to writing. He was the author of many ballads, which at the time were printed on single sheets of paper and hawked about the streets. Deloney, according to tradition, was the successor to William Elderton, the chief balladeer of the early 1580s. Although many of his ballads have long since been lost, there are two collections of his work: The Garland of Good Will and Strange Histories of Kings, Princes, Dukes.

It is for his work as a writer of prose narratives that Deloney is usually remembered. His best-known work is The Pleasant History of John Winchcomb in His Younger Days Called Jack of Newbery, usually referred to as Jack of Newbery. The volume is a realistic prose narrative extolling the virtues of weavers, the author’s fellow tradesmen. Another prose narrative by Deloney, the two-part The Gentle Craft, in which he glorifies shoemakers, probably influenced Thomas Dekker’s popular play The Shoemaker’s Holiday (1599). A third prose narrative by Deloney is Thomas of Reading, which praises the clothiers of England. All three narratives combine romantic and realistic techniques in dealing with phases of the life of Elizabethan trades and crafts against semihistorical backgrounds.

Author Works Long Fiction: The Pleasant History of John Winchcomb in His Younger Days Called Jack of Newbery, 1597 (better known as Jack of Newbery) The Gentle Craft, c. 1597–98 Thomas of Reading: Or, The Six Worthy Yeomen of the West, c. 1600 Poetry: The Garland of Good Will, 1593 (ballads) Strange Histories of Kings, Princes, Dukes, 1602 (ballads) Bibliography Howarth, R. G. Two Elizabethan Writers of Fiction: Thomas Nashe and Thomas Deloney. 1956. Reprint. Folcroft, Pa.: Folcroft Library Editions, 1970. Provides biographical and critical information on Deloney. Lawlis, Merritt E. Apology for the Middle Class: The Dramatic Novels of Thomas Deloney. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1960. Analyzes Deloney's longer works, focusing on their social commentary. Reuter, O. R. Proverbs, Proverbial Sentences, and Phrases in Thomas Deloney’s Works. Helsinki, Finland: Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters, 1986. Provides in-depth critical analysis of Deloney's structure and style. Simons, John. Realistic Romance: The Prose Fiction of Thomas Deloney. Winchester, England: King Alfred’s College, 1983. Discusses Deloney's prose in the context of the traditions of realism and romance. Stemmler, Theo. "The Rise of a New Literary Genre: Thomas Deloney’s Bourgeois Novel Jack of Newbury." In Telling Stories: Studies in Honour of Ulrich Broich on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday, edited by Elmar Lehmann and Bernd Lenz. Philadelphia: B. R. Grüner, 1992. Traces the importance of Deloney in expanding and defining English literature. Wright, Eugene Patrick. Thomas Deloney. Boston: Twayne, 1981. A standard reference biography of Deloney.

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