As a Supreme Court justice, Thompson defended states’ rights against the power of the federal government. He also defended the right of groups of Native Americans to be considered sovereign nations.
Thompson began practicing law in 1793 and served on the New York State supreme court from 1802 to 1818. President James Monroe appointed him secretary of the navy in 1818 and nominated him to the Supreme Court on December 8, 1823. He was confirmed by the Senate on December 19 and took office on February 10, 1824.
In Ogden v. Saunders
In Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Kendall v. United States ex rel. Stokes
Native American sovereignty
Ogden v. Saunders
States’ rights and state sovereignty
Worcester v. Georgia