Author: Lewis Carroll
First published: 1871 (dated 1872); illustrated
Locale: The dreamworld of Alice
Time: Nineteenth century
Alice, an imaginative English child who has fantastic adventures in Looking-Glass House.
The White Kitten, a good kitten who is not responsible for Alice's adventures.
The Black Kitten, who is told by Alice to pretend that they can go through the mirror to Looking-Glass House.
Dinah, the kittens' mother.
The White Queen, a live chess piece. In Alice's adventures, she becomes a sheep, gives Alice some needles, and tells the little girl to knit. She reappears throughout the story in various guises.
The White King, a live chess piece. He has Alice serve a cake that cuts itself.
Tiger Lily, Rose, and Violet, flowers of whom Alice asks the path to take.
Gnat, a pleasant insect as big as a chicken. He melts away.
The Red Queen, a live chess piece. She tells Alice that one has to run to stay in the same place. Later, she turns into the black kitten.
Tweedledum and Tweedledee, two odd, fat, little men. They speak in ambiguities and recite poems to Alice. They fight over a rattle until frightened away by a crow.
The Red King, a live chess piece. He dreams about Alice, says Tweedledee, and thus gives her reality.
Humpty Dumpty, who has a conversation in riddles with Alice. He explains to her the Jabberwocky poem.
The Lion and the Unicorn, who fight over the White King's crown.
The Red Knight, a live chess piece who claims Alice as his prisoner.
The White Knight, a live chess piece who also claims Alice as his prisoner. He leads Alice to a brook and tells her to jump into the next square to become a queen herself.