Authors: Thylias Moss

  • Last updated on December 10, 2021

American poet

Identity: African American

Author Works


Hosiery Seams on a Bowlegged Woman, 1983

Pyramid of Bone, 1989

At Redbones, 1990

Rainbow Remnants in Rock Bottom Ghetto Sky, 1991

Small Congregations: New and Selected Poems, 1993

Last Chance for the Tarzan Holler, 1998


The Dolls in the Basement, pr. 1984

Talking to Myself, pr. 1984


Tale of a Sky-Blue Dress, 1998 (memoir)

Children’s/Young Adult Literature:

I Want to Be, 1993


Awards earned by Thylias Moss, who became an English professor at the University of Michigan in 1992, include a Guggenheim, a National Endowment for the Arts Award, and a prestigious MacArthur Fellowship in 1996. Born Thylias Rebecca Brasier, Moss was the daughter of Calvin Brasier, a tire recapper, and Florida Brasier, a housekeeper. With their adored only child, the Brasiers lived in an attic apartment owned by the Feldmans, a Jewish couple who treated Thylias as though she was their own grandchild.{$I[A]Moss, Thylias}{$I[geo]WOMEN;Moss, Thylias}{$I[geo]UNITED STATES;Moss, Thylias}{$I[geo]AFRICAN AMERICAN/AFRICAN DESCENT;Moss, Thylias}{$I[tim]1954;Moss, Thylias}

After the Feldmans sold the house, the thirteen-year-old daughter of the new owners, Lytta, baby-sat for the young Thylias and treated her with extreme cruelty, a fact the youngster never told her parents. Lytta victimized her physically, verbally, and sexually, forcing darkness into an otherwise idyllic childhood. It is this relationship that forms the focus of Moss’s memoir, Tale of a Sky-Blue Dress.

Moss started school at Louis Pasteur Elementary School, a friendly, racially mixed school where her intelligence and gifted violin playing were encouraged. She sometimes led the class, contributed to discussions, wrote plays and poems, and eagerly played the violin. When she was nine, her family moved to a primarily white neighborhood. At the Benjamin Franklin School in her new neighborhood, she was treated indifferently and denied a school-issued violin as well as attendance in the accelerated classes she had been in previously. She grew resentful, withdrawn, and sullen but found solace in writing.

Moss attributes her remarkable ear for poetry to regular church attendance, where she first became aware of the power of the spoken word. Apparently what she learned stayed with her; her poetry readings, which encourage audience participation and use many voices, are popular and widely known. (In 1991 she won the annual Dewar’s Profiles Performance Artist Award in poetry.)

It was also in church that she met her husband, John Moss, who was in military service and later became a University of Michigan administrator. They married when she was nineteen and eventually had two sons, Dennis and Ansted. After marrying, she spent two unhappy years at Syracuse University and then worked for several years in a Cleveland business, where she ultimately became a junior executive. She enrolled at Oberlin College and graduated in 1981 with the top academic record in her class. Later, she earned her M.F.A. in creative writing from the University of New Hampshire, where the well-known poet Charles Simic inspired her and recognized her talent. She taught at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, and won an artist’s fellowship from the Massachusetts Arts Council in 1987 that enabled her to work on her second book of poetry, Pyramid of Bone, a collection that was short-listed for the National Book Critics Circle Award.

Moss’s poetry is both earnest and comic, embracing both extremes of this apparent dichotomy. In one poem she will move between a polemic tone and an irony that recognizes few boundaries. She is comfortable taking on even the most sacred cows. In “A Form of Deicide,” God plays the part of her father, walking Moss down the aisle to turn her over to her husband: “. . . He will/ always be my Father, but another man will be/ my husband and I will look at him in ways God/ does not want to be seen. . . . Ever the strong, silent type. . . .”

Moss deconstructs the idea of God, liberating it from the controlling religious paradigm. Religion is a common theme in Moss’s work, which often reimagines the Christian tradition with its various symbols, including angels, devils, and God. These terms are redefined in new and different ways, rendering them fresher and certainly more personal. Just as Moss is adventurous in her language, she is equally adventurous in her use of form. She juxtaposes instructions and dialogue, uses tercets to frame a poem written in quatrains, inserts italicized refrains as ironic comments on stanzas, and writes remarkable prose poems. Among the latter are “The Warmth of Hot Chocolate,” spoken in the voice of an angel, “Renegade Angels,” and “Dear Charles,” an epistolary poem.

“Dear Charles” illustrates another of Moss’s themes: the overwhelming influences that shape people of color. A woman writes to a black man of a tornado, which becomes a metaphor of her experience of him: “Not Charles, though, who, male and all, gives birth to tornadoes; little pieces of him drop off and spin madly. . . . Forgive me, but the way I feel, I can deal with you only in the third person, which is the same as dealing with the Third World.” Charles replies in the voice of a black “everyman,” who was turned into a storm by the weight of black history.

Many of Moss’s poems deal with the African American experience, bearing titles like “Lunchcounter Freedom,” “The Lynching,” and “Nigger for the First Time.” Still, she is reluctant to be classified as a “black woman poet.” “I am a person,” she said, “whose ancestors were brought to this country from Africa. But it has not very much of anything to do with how I view the world.” With a distinctive voice and a worldview that overlaps the boundaries of race, Thylias Moss is widely recognized as a groundbreaking poet.

BibliographyKitchen, Judith. “Poetry Reviews.” Georgia Review, Winter, 1998, 763-765. An extended review of Last Chance for the Tarzan Holler, this is an in-depth discussion of Moss’s technique.Moss, Thylias. Tale of a Sky-Blue Dress. New York: Bard, 1998. This first prose work by the poet tells of how her idyllic childhood was shattered by brutality and how she overcame the darkness. A meditation on the nature of evil, this book is a detailed account of the poet’s early life.Winston, Jay. “The Trickster Metaphysics of Thylias Moss.” In Trickster Lives: Culture and Myth in American Fiction, edited by Jeanne Campbell Reesman. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001. This essay offers an analysis of Moss’s work within the context of trickster literature. The trickster figure originated in traditions of American Indian and African American literatures and is used also in Asian American and Latino writing.
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