Asterisk denotes entries on real places.
Criseyde is not Helen, but the Trojans would willingly send her to the Greeks to ransom their hero Antenor. Pandarus functions, as his name implies, to satisfy the sudden lust of Troilus and to attempt to find a protector for his niece Criseyde. In the world of Chaucer’s poem, all the characters do evil things from either neutral motives or simply for self-preservation.
Criseyde’s father Kalkas deserts Troy for the Greek side based on his own prophecy of the city’s doom. He leaves Criseyde behind, however palatially housed, and she soon acquires the protection of Hektor, the king’s son. It is easy to see the role that class conflict plays here and to think of the challenge posed to the aristocracy by the Peasants’ Revolt of 1381. What is clear is that Chaucer saw the complicated political nature of humanity with a timeless eye, and that love has always been the mistress of war.