Holding that a law restricting employment of noncitizens was unconstitutional, the Truax v. Raich decision explicitly held that the equal protection clause protected their equal right to earn a livelihood in the common occupations of the state.
In early 1914, the Arizona legislature enacted a law requiring that at least 80 percent of the employees of every business operating within the state had to be American citizens. At the time,
By an 8-1 vote, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld Raich’s challenge. In unambiguous language, Justice
Aleinikoff, Thomas A., et al. Immigration and Citizenship: Process and Policy. 6th ed. St. Paul, Minn.: Thomson/West, 2008. Epstein, Lee, and Thomas Walker. Constitutional Law for a Changing America: Rights, Liberties, and Justice. 6th ed. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2006.
History of immigration after 1891
Supreme Court, U.S.
Terrace v. Thompson