As a well-known trial lawyer and U.S. attorney general, Wirt, a champion of strong federal authority, argued many precedent-setting cases before the Supreme Court.
Wirt was admitted to the Virginia state bar in 1792. His growing reputation as a trial lawyer in highprofile cases, such as Aaron Burr’s treason trial, eventually led to his appointment as U.S. attorney general by President James Monroe. He held this important cabinet position for twelve years until the end of John Quincy Adams’s administration.
Influenced by Chief Justice John Marshall’s nationalistic interpretation of the Constitution, Wirt firmly supported federal supremacy
A staunch opponent of President Andrew Jackson, Wirt served as advocate for the Cherokee cause before the Court in the Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Cohens v. Virginia
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Gibbons v. Ogden
McCulloch v. Maryland
Native American sovereignty
Worcester v. Georgia