The Supreme Court ruled that the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment forbids a prosecutor from using peremptory challenges to remove potential jurors because of their race.
James Batson, an African American
By a 7-2 majority, the Court accepted Batson’s claim. Speaking for the majority, Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr.,
The Batson principles have been significantly expanded. In Powers v. Ohio
Due process, substantive
Jury, trial by
Jury composition and size
Powers v. Ohio