The Supreme Court overturned a 1935 coal act that set up local boards to regulate coal prices and help workers negotiate wages and hours, holding that only the states had the right to regulate coal mining. Although widely ignored, the ruling was never overturned.
With a 5-4 vote, the Supreme Court overturned the Bituminous Coal Conservation Act
In setting up local coal boards, Congress relied on its power to regulate interstate commerce, but Sutherland used the prevailing distinction that Congress could regulate only direct interstate commerce. Indirect intrastate commerce was for states, not the federal government, to control. Justices Benjamin N. Cardozo, Louis D. Brandeis, and Harlan Fiske Stone dissented, objecting to the weakness of the direct-indirect distinction. Only a year later, the dissenters prevailed in National Labor Relations Board v. Jones and Laughlin Steel Corp.
Delegation of powers
General welfare clause
National Labor Relations Board v. Jones and Laughlin Steel Corp.
Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan
Rule of law
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States