The Supreme Court overturned a murder conviction because the accused was never warned of his right to remain silent. This decision helped transform police behavior toward those accused of committing crimes.
In this early defendants’ rights case, Danny Escobedo was taken to the police station as a murder suspect but was denied repeated requests to speak to his lawyer. His lawyer was, in turn, denied repeated requests to speak to his client. Never warned of his right to remain silent, Escobedo made some incriminating statements and ultimately confessed. His confession was key evidence at the trial, which resulted in his conviction. On reaching the Supreme Court, his confession was thrown out as improperly taken and his conviction overturned.
Justice Arthur J. Goldberg
Gideon v. Wainwright
Miranda v. Arizona