The Supreme Court first applied the doctrine of substantive due process to strike down a law for infringing upon a noneconomic liberty.
Shortly after World War I, the Nebraska legislature passed a statute that prohibited schools from teaching any modern non-English language to children before the eighth grade. Meyer, who taught German in a Lutheran school, was convicted of disobeying the law. By a 7-2 vote, the Supreme Court ruled that the law violated the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Writing for the majority, Justice James C. McReynolds
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes dissented in Meyer, arguing that the state had a reasonable interest in promoting a common language.
Due process, substantive
Pierce v. Society of Sisters
Privacy, right to