The landmark Moore decision marked two constitutional developments: the Supreme Court’s actual utilization of the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment as a limitation on state criminal proceedings and the federal courts’ supervision of state proceedings by way of habeas corpus petitions.
In 1919 a violent racial clash in Phillips County, Arkansas, resulted in the deaths of scores of African Americans and five whites. More than one hundred African Americans, and no whites, were prosecuted. Swift trials took place in a lynch-mob atmosphere, with large angry crowds intimidating the juries.
Six defendants sentenced to death petitioned the federal district court for a habeas corpus hearing. As recently as Frank v. Mangum
By a 6-2 vote, the Supreme Court reversed the ruling and instructed the lower court to hold a habeas corpus hearing. Speaking for the Court, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes
Due process, procedural
Fay v. Noia
Frank v. Mangum
Race and discrimination