Jaycees was a landmark Supreme Court decision that held that the state’s interest in combating sex discrimination was sufficiently compelling to justify application of an antidiscrimination statute to some private organizations.
The Minnesota Human Rights Act prohibited sex discrimination in a place of public accommodation. The state’s enforcement agency applied the statute to the Jaycees, a private service club that restricted membership to men. The Jaycees brought a lawsuit, claiming that requiring the organization to accept women as members violated its right of free association guaranteed by the First and Fourteenth Amendments.
By a 7-0 vote, the Supreme Court rejected the claim. Writing for a majority, Justice William J. Brennan, Jr.,
Subsequent to the Jaycees decision, the Court ruled that public accommodation laws apply to many other private organizations. In New York State Club Association v. City of New York
Assembly and association, freedom of
Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Group of Boston
New York State Club Association v. City of New York
Privacy, right to