The Supreme Court essentially gutted the 1968 Indian Civil Rights Act that applied most of the U.S. Bill of Rights to Native American tribal governments.
The 1968 Indian Bill of Rights applied most of the U.S. Bill of Rights to Native American tribal governments. The lower federal courts gradually expanded the jurisdiction of the federal courts over Native American affairs, but Martinez reversed much of that expansion. In Martinez, a woman tribe member charged that a tribal membership rule violated the equal protection clause by favoring men. In his opinion for the 7-1 majority, Justice Thurgood Marshall
Indian Bill of Rights
Muskrat v. United States
Native American law
Native American treaties