The Supreme Court required that government apply the “compelling state interest” standard to justify any policy that placed an indirect burden on a religious practice.
Adell Sherbert, a member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church,
The Supreme Court, by a 7-2 margin, found that South Carolina’s unemployment policy violated the religious exercise clause of the First Amendment. Justice William J. Brennan, Jr.,
Employment Division, Department of Human Resources v. Smith
Religion, freedom of
Sunday closing laws