The Supreme Court held that federal regulations requiring drug testing of railroad employees involved in train accidents did not violate the Fourth Amendment.
The Federal Railroad Administration, under its statutory authority to set safety standards, required employees to take a breath or urine test if they were involved in a serious train accident or if they violated safety rules. A court of appeals ruled that the tests could not be required without individualized suspicion. Writing for a 7-2 majority, however, Justice Anthony M. Kennedy
The same day it issued Skinner, the Supreme Court also announced its approval of drug testing for customs inspectors in National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab
National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab
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