The Supreme Court held that Native Americans in tribal courts were not protected in the same way as other U.S. citizens.
A Native American convicted of murder in a Cherokee nation court maintained that his trial was unfair because the indicting grand jury had only five members, contrary to the Fifth Amendment. However, by an 8-1 vote, the Supreme Court found that the Fifth Amendment did not apply because the Cherokee nation retained its sovereignty. In the opinion for the Court, Chief Justice Edward D. White
Indian Bill of Rights
Muskrat v. United States
Native American law
Native American sovereignty