The Supreme Court ruled that Congress had the authority to limit political activities of public employees, notwithstanding their loss of freedom of speech.
Executive agency employees challenged the Hatch Act of 1940, which forbade executive branch officers and employees from exercising their freedom of speech by endorsing candidates and engaging in political campaigning. The Supreme Court reviewed precedents going back decades to establish that the individual right to freedom of speech needed to be balanced against the public’s interest in having civil servants barred from direct political participation. Justice Stanley F. Reed
Buckley v. Valeo
Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois
Speech and press, freedom of