The Supreme Court shifted the burden of proof from employers to employees in employment discrimination cases, making them harder to win.
Alaskan cannery workers claimed that a higher proportion of nonwhites were employed at low-paying jobs while a higher percentage of white workers held high-paying jobs. By a 5-4 vote, the Supreme Court ruled against the nonwhite workers, requiring employees to show that any disparity in the rate at which a disadvantaged group suffered from company policies was the result of specific business policies for which no good business justification could be offered. In his opinion for the Court, Justice Byron R. White
Civil Rights Acts
Equal protection clause
Reversals of Court decisions by Congress