The Supreme Court held that the Fourth Amendment’s freedom from unreasonable searches is binding on the states because it is fundamental to the Fourteenth Amendment’s concept of ordered liberty, but the Court also decided that state courts were not required to use the exclusionary rule.
When Julius Wolf was convicted in state court for practicing illegal abortions, the prosecution used evidence obtained contrary to the provisions of the Fourth Amendment. In a federal trial, such evidence would have been excluded from consideration by the jury, as required in Weeks v. United States
In Wolf, the Supreme Court made two rulings. First, speaking for a unanimous Court, Justice Felix Frankfurter
The Wolf decision gave rise to the silver platter doctrine, which often allowed federal and state prosecutors to share illegally obtained evidence for the purpose of using it in a criminal trial. The Court ended this practice in Elkins v. United States
Mapp v. Ohio
Privacy, right to
Silver platter doctrine
Weeks v. United States