In overturning a Texas statute that had outlawed homosexual conduct, the Supreme Court extended the constitution’s protection of “liberty interests” to gays and lesbians.
After the watershed case of Griswold v. Connecticut
In 1998, a Texas police officer, responding to a report of a weapons disturbance, entered the private apartment of John Lawrence. The officer observed Lawrence and another man in an act that was forbidden by Texas’s antisodomy statute. The two men were found guilty and fined $125 each. The Texas Supreme Court upheld the judgment, based primarily on the Hardwick precedent.
When the case reached the U.S. Supreme Court, however, the justices, in a 5-1-3 decision, ruled that the Texas antisodomy law was unconstitutional. Speaking for five of the justices, Anthony M. Kennedy
Although Justice Sandra Day O’Connor
Equal protection clause
O’Connor, Sandra Day
Privacy, right to