The numbers of Australians and New Zealanders who have immigrated into the United States have never been great, but the increasing numbers of highly skilled and educated immigrants who began entering the country during the late twentieth century have brought with them the potential to make significant contributions to their new homeland.
The earliest waves of Australian and New Zealander immigration to the United States coincided with significant cultural developments. During the late 1840’s and early 1850’s, colonials from
Between 1861 and 1976, 133,299 Australians and New Zealanders were recorded as entering the United States. This flow peaked during the years following
By 1990, the U.S. Census reported that slightly more than 52,000 Americans reported having Australian or New Zealander ancestry. This figure represented less than 0.05 percent of the total U.S. population. The 2000 U.S. Census reported the presence of 45,650 Australian-born noncitizens and 15,315 Australian-born U.S. citizens in the United States. A little more than one-half of these people were female.
Bedford, Richard, Elsie Ho, and Jacqueline Lidgard. “Immigration Policy and New Zealand’s Development into the Twenty-first Century: Review and Speculation.” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 10, no. 3-4 (2001): 585-616. Argues that New Zealand’s indigenous population constitutes the largest share of the total population and has the most prominent role in debates about the development of social and economic policy, including immigration. ________. “International Migration in New Zealand: Context, Components and Policy Issues.” In Population of New Zealand and Australia at the Millennium, edited by Gordon Carmichael and A. Dharmalingam. Canberra, A.C.T.: Australian Population Association, 2002. Useful overview of New Zealand’s place in world migration patterns. Cuddy, Dennis Laurence. “Australian Immigration in the United States: From Under the Southern Cross in the ’Great Experiment.’” In Contemporary American Immigration: Interpretive Essays. Vol. 1, edited by Dennis Laurence Cuddy. Boston: Twayne, 1982. Although now old, this study remains an important source of information concerning Australian immigration to the United States before the 1980’s. Hugo, Graeme, Dianne Rudd, and Kevin Harris. Emigration from Australia: Economic Implications. CEDA Information Paper 77. Melbourne, Vic.: Committee for Economic Development of Australia, 2001. Study examining the causes and consequences of rising emigration from Australia. LeMay, Michael C., ed. The Gatekeepers: Comparative Immigration Policy. New York: Praeger, 1989. Compares immigration policy and politics in the United States, Australia, Great Britain, Germany, Israel, and Venezuela. Helpful in understanding overall immigration issues. Lynch, James P., and Rita J. Simon. Immigration the World Over: Statutes, Policies, and Practices. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. International perspectives on immigration, with particular attention to the immigration policies of the United States, Canada, Australia, Great Britain, France, Germany, and Japan.
California gold rush
History of immigration, 1783-1891
History of immigration after 1891
Pacific Islander immigrants
War Brides Act of 1945