This bibliography contains annotated listings of standard reference works and atlases and categorized listings of books on specific topics in U.S. military history. The latter include titles on each of the major conflicts covered in this set. For additional titles on specific conflicts, see the Further Reading sections at the end of each chapter.

Standard References

Arms, Thomas S. Encyclopedia of the Cold War. New York: Facts on File, 1994. Good coverage in a single-volume work.

Beckett, Ian F. W. Encyclopedia of Guerrilla Warfare. New York: ABC-CLIO, 1999. An increasingly necessary reference source, as guerrilla warfare becomes more prominent in conflicts throughout the world.

Bercovitch, Jacob, and Richard Jackson. International Conflict: A Chronological Encyclopedia of Conflicts and Their Management, 1945–1995. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, 1997. Focuses on boundary disputes; numerous cross-references; good bibliography.

Biger, Gideon. The Encyclopedia of International Boundaries. New York: Facts on File, 1995. Useful in understanding the details of international disputes, which have often led to war. Arranged geographically. Focuses on contemporary boundaries but includes some historical background.

Black, Jeremy. War and the World: Military Power and the Fate of Continents, 1450–2000. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1998. A prescient study, which covers both Western and non-Western themes. Brief treatments arranged topically but incorporating the latest scholarship.

Bowyer, Richard. Dictionary of Military Terms. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999. Thorough treatment of the basic terminology of warfare.

Brownstone, David, and Irene Franck. Timelines of War: A Chronology of Warfare from 100,000 b.c. to the Present. Boston: Little, Brown, 1994. A suggestive chronology, remarkably full and especially useful for the ancient period. Generally reliable, but one wonders where the authors got their information–no bibliography.

Bruce, A. P. C., and William B. Cogar. An Encyclopedia of Naval History. New York: Facts on File, 1998. Comprehensive treatment of naval warfare throughout world history.

Burns, Richard Dean, ed. Encyclopedia of Arms Control and Disarmament. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1993. A useful adjunct to the the study of military conflict.

Collins, John M. Military Geography. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s, 1998. Excellent on the relationships among topography, weather, and culture, and the formation of tactics and strategy.

Cowley, Robert, and Geoffrey Parker. The Reader’s Companion to Military History. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1996. Combines coverage of people, battles, weapons, and concepts, expertly edited. Cowley was cofounder and longtime editor of the premier popular military journal, MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History. Provides almost six hundred articles, forty maps and several dozen well-chosen illustrations, and a limited bibliography. Gaps in this work reflect its emphasis on modern Western military history; however, what is included is thorough and written by many of the world’s best military scholars.

Davis, Paul K. Encyclopedia of Invasions and Conquests from Ancient Times to the Present. New York: ABC-CLIO, 1996. Approximately two hundred well-illustrated entries.

Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense, 1994. Definitions of terms, including those used by NATO.

Dupuy, R. Ernest, and Trevor N. Dupuy. The Harper Encyclopedia of Military History: From 3500 B.C. to the Present. 4th ed. New York: Harper, 1993. The classic one-volume reference. Organized chronologically by region, or by major wars. A narrative introduction provides context, with relatively brief treatments of the battles themselves; excellent discussion of weapons and tactics; extensive index; maps of variable quality. The best source for basic narrative but should be used in conjunction with recent monographs and articles when dealing with controversial points or relatively obscure topics.

Dupuy, Trevor N., Curt Johnson, and David L. Bongard. The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography. Edison, N.J.: Castle Books, 1995. A good one-volume reference, with three thousand entries from earliest times. Fact-driven, with useful headings listing “principal wars” and “principal battles.” The brief bibliographies are sometimes dated but still useful. Not quite comprehensive but close.

Dupuy, Trevor N., Curt Johnson, and Grace P. Hayes. Dictionary of Military Terms: A Guide to the Language of Warfare and Military Institutions. New York: H. W. Wilson, 1986.

Eggenberger, David. An Encyclopedia of Battles. Rev. ed. New York: Dover, 1985. Covers more than 1,560 battles and wars, including an appendix for battles between 1967 and 1984. Useful maps; lists principal battles under each war.

Featherstone, Donald. Bridges of Battle: Famous Battlefield Actions at Bridges and River Crossings. London: Arms & Armour, 1998. Detailed studies of one hundred actions, from ancient times through World War II.

Frankel, Benjamin. The Cold War, 1945–1991. 3 vols. Detroit: Gale Research, 1992. Volume 1 includes U.S. and Western figures; volume 2, Soviet, East European and Third World figures; volume 3, articles and appendixes on history, chronology, concepts, archives, and bibliography.

Fregosi, Paul. Jihad in the West: Muslim Conquests from the Seventh to the Twenty-first Centuries. New York: Prometheus, 1998. A controversial argument for the unity of Islamic jihads; nevertheless combines a great deal of information on military actions and commanders not found together elsewhere.

Fuller, J. F. C. A Military History of the Western World. 1954–1956. Reprint. New York: Da Capo, 1987. A classic work by one of the early theorists and practitioners of mechanized warfare.

Grbasic, Zvonimir, and Velimir Vuksic. Cavalry: The History of a Fighting Elite, 650 B.C.-A.D. 1914. New York: Cassell, 1999. A good introduction, including one hundred full-page, full-color plates.

Hart, Kristin, ed. Americans at War: Society, Culture, and the Home Front. 4 vols. New York: Macmillan, 2004. Encyclopedic treatment of all aspects of the domestic side of U.S. wars.

Heinl, Robert Debs. Dictionary of Military and Naval Quotations. Annapolis, Md.: United States Naval Institute, 1966.

International Military and Defense Encyclopedia. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s, 1993. See both of the Margiotta entries that follow.

Keegan, John. A History of Warfare. New York: Vintage Books, 1994. The perfect introduction to the subject, full of both fact and analysis in a stylish narrative.

Keegan, John, and Andrew Wheatcroft. Who’s Who in Military History, from 1453 to the Present Day. Rev. ed. London: Routledge, 1996. About 725 relatively brief entries. Contains a concise but useful glossary.

Kohn, George C. Dictionary of Wars. New York: Facts on File, 1986. Covers about fifteen hundred wars, revolutions, and other conflicts, as well as a few battles. Features an extensive and useful system of cross-referencing. Good index of wars grouped by country or geographical region.

Laffin, John. Brassey’s Dictionary of Battles. Rev. ed. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1995. Seven thousand battles and campaigns treated concisely but thoroughly. More than ninety maps.

Luttwak, Edward, and Stuart L. Koehl. The Dictionary of Modern War. New York: Gramercy Books, 1991. Focuses on technical descriptions of institutions and weapons of international conflict since World War II.

Lynn, John A. Feeding Mars: Logistics in Western Warfare from the Middle Ages to the Present. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1993. Useful work on an often neglected element of military success.

Margiotta, Franklin D. Brassey’s Encyclopedia of Military History and Biography. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s, 1994. Articles slightly revised from previous publication in International Military and Defense Encyclopedia.

Margiotta, Franklin D., and Gordon R. Sullivan. Brassey’s Encyclopedia of Land Forces and Warfare. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s, 1996. Articles slightly revised from previous publication in International Military and Defense Encyclopedia.

Perrett, Bryan. The Battle Book: Crucial Conflicts in History from 1469 B.C. to the Present. London: Brockhampton Press, 1992. Contains fewer entries than most battle books (566) but greater uniformity in assessing casualties and in clearly stating objectives. Also includes a useful appendix arranging the battles by the wars of which they were a part.

Powell, John, ed. Magill’s Guide to Military History. 5 vols. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 2001. Offers encyclopedic coverage of world military history, from earliest recorded times to the present day. Alphabetically arranged articles on major conflicts, individual battles, military leaders, and nations and societies. In addition to individual bibliographies for every article, the set contains extensive appendices and indexes. See also Powell’s companion set, Weapons and Warfare.

____________. Weapons and Warfare. 2 vols. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 2002. Companion set to Powell’s Magill’s Guide to Military History. Encyclopedic survey of the weaponry, tactics, and modes of warfare throughout the world, from ancient times to the present day. The first volume covers ancient and medieval warfare through 1500, and the second volume continues the subject up to the present day. Articles range from discussions of individual weapons and modes of fighting to surveys of the military histories of societies and state systems. Well illustrated, with extensive bibliographies, appendices, and indexes.

Purcell, L. Edward, and Sarah J. Purcell. Encyclopedia of Battles in North America, 1517–1916. New York: Facts on File, 2000.

Ramsbotham, Oliver, and Tom Woodhouse. Encyclopedia of International Peacekeeping Operations. New York: ABC-CLIO, 1999.

Royle, Trevor. A Dictionary of Military Quotations. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Shafritz, Jay M., Todd J. A. Shafritz, and David B. Robertson. The Facts on File Dictionary of Military Science. New York: Facts on File, 1989.

Spiller, Roger J., Joseph G. Dawson, and T. Harry Williams, eds. Dictionary of American Military Biography. 3 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Strait, Newton A. Alphabetical List of Battles, 1754–1900: War of the Rebellion, Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and all Old Wars with Dates. 1905. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1968. Mainly a listing but with some additional information, including casualties. Especially useful in tracking minor engagements seldom treated in encyclopedias or monographs.

United States Joint Chiefs of Staff. Dictionary of Military Terms. Rev. ed. London: Greenhill Press, 1999. Comprehensive guide to current use, containing six thousand terms and three thousand abbreviations.

Unsworth, Michael E., ed. Military Periodicals: United States and Selected International Journals and Newspapers. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990. A thorough guide to key magazines, journals, and other periodicals, including descriptions, content, and publishing histories.

Wintle, J. The Dictionary of War Quotations. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1989.


Anderson, Ewan W., and Don Shewan. An Atlas of World Political Flashpoints: A Sourcebook of Geopolitical Crisis. London: Pinter Reference, 1993. The best ready reference to the wars and potential conflicts of the post-Cold War era. Excellent maps.

Banks, Arthur. A World Atlas of Military History, 1861–1945. New York: Da Capo Press, 1988.

Barraclough, Geoffrey, and Geoffrey Parker, eds. The Times Atlas of World History. 4th ed. Maplewood, N.J.: Hammond, 1996. Pathbreaking maps and perspectives at its first publication in 1978. Still the best general historical atlas, with much of relevance for military historians.

Hartman, Tom, with John Mitchell. A World Atlas of Military History, 1945–1984. New York: Da Capo Press, 1985. Provides detailed maps and time lines for more than eighty wars and conflicts worldwide.

Kidron, Michael, and Dan Smith. The New State of War and Peace, an International Atlas: A Full Color Survey of Arsenals, Armies, and Alliances Throughout the World. London: Grafton, 1991. Previously published as The War Atlas: Armed Conflict, Armed Peace. London: Pan, 1983.

Lloyd, Christopher. Atlas of Maritime History. New York: Arco, 1975. Extensive narrative. Most wars and a few key battles are covered.

Murray, Stuart. Atlas of American Military History. New York: Facts on File, 2004.

Natkiel, Richard, and Antony Preston. Atlas of Maritime History. New York: Facts on File, 1986. Extensive narrative accompanying excellent maps. Many key battles covered.

O’Brien, Patrick K. Oxford Atlas of World History. London: Oxford, 1999. An excellent general reference that incorporates much military history.

Pemsel, Helmut. A History of War at Sea: An Atlas and Chronology of Conflict at Sea from Earliest Times to the Present. Translated by G. D. G. Smith. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1977. A superb one-volume treatment, placing key conflicts in the context of both international diplomacy and technological innovation. Excellent maps, action plans, and scale drawings of representative ships.

Pimlott, John, and Richard Holmes, eds. The Hutchinson Atlas of Battle Plans: Before and After. Oxford, England: Helicon, 2000.

Smith, Dan. The State of War and Peace Atlas. Rev. 3d ed. London: Penguin, 1997.

United States Military Academy: Department of Military Art and Engineering. West Point Atlas of American War. 1959. Reprint. New York: Praeger, 1978. Pre-computer but still superb.

Wheatcroft, Andrew. World Atlas of Revolutions. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1983.

Woodworth, Steven. An Atlas of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Categorized Bibliography

Armies, Navies, and Air Forces

Alexander, Joseph H. A Fellowship of Honor: The Battle History of the United States Marines. New York: HarperCollins, 1997.

Beach, Edward L. The United States Navy: Two Hundred Years. New York: Henry Holt, 1986.

Boyne, Walter. Beyond the Wild Blue: A History of the U.S. Air Force. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.

Frisbee, John L., ed. Makers of the United States Air Force. Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program, 1996.

Fukuyama, Francis, and Abram N. Shulsky. The “Virtual Corporation” and Army Organization. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand, 1997.

Hagan, Kenneth J. This People’s Navy: The Making of American Sea Power. New York: Free Press, 1991.

Hogan, David W., Jr. Two Hundred Twenty-five Years of Service: The U.S. Army, 1775–2000.Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army, 2000.

Howarth, Stephen. To Shining Sea: A History of the United States Navy, 1775–1991. New York: Random House, 1991.

Johnson, Robert Erwin. Guardians of the Sea: History of the United States Coast Guard, 1915 to Present. Annapolis, Md.: U.S. Naval Institute, 1988.

King, Irving H. The Coast Guard Expands, 1865–1915: New Roles, New Frontiers. Annapolis, Md.: U.S. Naval Institute, 1996.

Love, Robert W. History of the United States Navy. Harrisburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1992.

Lutz, Norma Jean. John Paul Jones: Father of the U.S. Navy. New York: Chelsea House, 1999.

Mackay, James. “I Have Not Yet Begun to Fight”: A Life of John Paul Jones. Edinburgh, Scotland: Mainstream, 1998.

Mersky, Peter B. U.S. Marine Corps Aviation, 1912 to the Present. 3d ed. Baltimore: Nautical and Aviation, 1997.

Miller, Nathan. The U.S. Navy. 3d ed. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1997.

Millett, Allan R. Semper Fidelis: The History of the United States Marine Corps. Rev. ed. New York: Free Press, 1991.

Mitchell, Vance. Air Force Officers. Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program, 1997.

Moskin, J. Robert. The U.S. Marine Corps Story. 3d ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1992.

O’Connor, Raymond G. Origins of the American Navy: Sea Power in the Colonies and the New Nation. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1994.

Reynolds, Clark G. Navies in History. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1998.

Simmons, Edwin Howard. The United States Marine Corps: A History. 3d ed. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1997.

Sullivan, Gordon R., ed. Portrait of an Army. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1991.

Communications and Military Intelligence

Adams, James. The Next World War: Computers Are the Weapons and the Front Line Is Everywhere. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Alexander, Martin S., ed. Knowing Your Friends: Intelligence Inside Alliances and Coalitions from 1914 to the Cold War. London: Frank Cass, 1998.

Andrew, Christopher, and Oleg Gordievsky. KGB: The Inside Story of Its Foreign Operations from Lenin to Gorbachev. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1990.

Bateman, Robert L. Digital War: A View from the Front Lines. Novato, Calif.: Presidio Press, 1999.

Bauer, Frederich L. Decrypted Secrets: Methods and Maxims of Cryptology. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1997.

Bergmeier, Horst J. P., and Rainer E. Lotz. Hitler’s Airwaves: The Inside Story of Nazi Radio Broadcasting and Propaganda Swing. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1997.

Brown, Michael L. The Revolution in Military Affairs: The Information Dimension. Fairfax, Va.: AFCEA International Press, 1996.

Browne, John, and Michael Thurbon. Electronic Warfare. London: Brassey’s, 1998.

Burrows, William. Deep Black: Space Espionage and National Security. New York: Random House, 1986.

Campen, Alan D. The First Information War: The Story of Communications, Computers, and Intelligence Systems in the Persian Gulf War. Fairfax, Va.: AFCEA International Press, 1992.

Campen, Alan D., Douglas H. Dearth, and R. Thomas Godden. Cyberwar: Security, Strategy, and Conflict in the Information Age. Fairfax, Va.: AFCEA International Press, 1996.

Culbert, David E., ed. Film and Propaganda in America: A Documentary History. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1990–1991.

Devereux, Tony. Messenger Gods of Battle: Radio, Radar, Sonar, the Story of Electronics in War. London: Brassey’s, 1991.

Dougherty, Thomas. Projections of War: Hollywood, American Culture, and World War II. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Fyne, Robert. The Hollywood Propaganda of World War II. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1994.

Gilbert, James L., and John Finnegan, eds. U.S. Army Signals Intelligence in World War II: A Documentary History. Washington D.C.: U.S. Army, 1993.

Herman, M. Intelligence Power in Peace and War. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Kahn, David. Seizing the Enigma: The Race to Break the German U-Boat Codes, 1939–1943. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1991.

Kippenhahn, Rudolph. Code Breaking: A History and Exploration. New York: Overlook, 1999.

Kreis, John F., ed. Piercing the Fog: Intelligence and Army Air Forces Operations in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program, 1996.

MacArthur, John R. Second Front: Censorship and Propaganda in the Gulf War. New York: Hill and Wang, 1992.

Neilson, Keith, and B. J. C. McKercher, eds. Go Spy the Land: Military Intelligence in History. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1992.

Page, Caroline. U.S. Official Propaganda During the Vietnam War, 1965–1973: The Limits of Persuasion. New York: Leicester University Press, 1996.

Ranelagh, John. The Agency: The Rise and Decline of the CIA. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986.

Reporting Vietnam: American Journalism, 1959–1975. Introduction by Ward Just. New York: Library of America, 2000.

Roeder, George H. The Censored War: American Visual Experience During World War II. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1993.

Ross, Stewart H. Propaganda for War: How the United States Was Conditioned to Fight the Great War of 1914–1918. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1996.

Sharkey, Jacqueline. Under Fire: U.S. Military Restrictions on the Media from Grenada to the Persian Gulf. Washington, D.C.: Center for Public Integrity, 1991.

Taylor, Philip M. Munitions of the Mind: A History of Propaganda from the Ancient World to the Present Era. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.

Williamson, John, ed. Jane’s Military Communications. 20th ed. Surrey, England: Jane’s Information Group, 1999–2000.

Moral and Legal Issues

Cahill, Lisa S. Love Your Enemies: Discipleship, Pacifism, and Just-War Theory. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress Press, 1994.

Cole, Leonard A. The Eleventh Plague: The Politics of Biological and Chemical Warfare. New York: W. H. Freeman, 1997.

De Lupuis, Ingrid Detter. The Law of War. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Feldman, Noah. What We Owe Iraq: War and the Ethics of Nation Building. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Healey, Kaye, ed. The Nuclear Issue. Balmain, New South Wales, Australia: Spinney Press, 1996.

Holmes, Robert L. On War and Morality. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Johnson, James Turner. The Holy War Idea in Western and Islamic Traditions. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997.

Kuper, Jenny. International Law Concerning Child Civilians in Armed Conflict. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

McCormack, Timothy L. H. The Law of War Crimes: National and International Approaches. Boston: Kluwer, 1997.

Miller, Richard B. Interpretations of Conflict: Ethics, Pacifism, and the Just-War Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Morris, Virginia, and Michael P. Scharf. An Insider’s Guide to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. 2 vols. Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y.: Transnational, 1995.

Neier, Aryeh. War Crimes: Brutality, Genocide, Terrors, and the Struggle for Justice. New York: Times Books, 1999.

Osiel, Mark. Obeying Orders: Atrocity, Military Discipline, and the Law of War. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 1999.

Partner, Peter. God of Battles: Holy Wars of Christianity and Islam. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1997.

Reisman, W. Michael, and Chris T. Antoniou, eds. The Laws of War: A Comprehensive Collection of Primary Documents on International Laws Governing Armed Conflict. New York: Vintage, 1994.

Roberts, Adam, and Richard Guelff, eds. Documents on the Laws of War.Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1989.

Schmitt, Michael N., and Leslie C. Green, eds. The Law of Armed Conflict: Into the Next Millennium. Newport, R.I.: Naval War College, 1998.

The Tools and Techniques of Waging War

Alexander, David. Tomorrow’s Soldier: The Warriors, Weapons, and Tactics That Will Win America’s Wars in the Twenty-first Century. New York: Avon Books, 1999.

Brice, Martin Hubert. Forts and Fortresses: From the Hillforts of Prehistory to Modern Times. New York: Facts on File, 1990.

Brown, George Ingham. The Big Bang: A History of Explosives. Stroud, England: Sutton, 1998.

Buckley, John. Air Power in the Age of Total War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999.

Chumble, Stephen, ed. Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships 1947–1995. London: Conway Maritime, 1995.

Cooper, Paul W. Introduction to the Technology of Explosives. New York: VCH, 1996.

Dunnigan, James F. Digital Soldiers: The Evolution of High-Tech Weaponry and Tomorrow’s Brave New Battlefield. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.

Foss, Christopher, ed. Jane’s Armour and Artillery. London: Jane’s, 1999.

Fowle, Barry W., ed. Builders and Fighters: U.S. Army Engineers in World War II. Fort Belvoir, Va.: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1992.

Franks, Norman. Aircraft Versus Aircraft. New York: Macmillan, 1986.

Friedman, Norman. Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapons Systems. 2d ed. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1992.

Fuller, J. F. C. Armament and History: The Influence of Armament on History from the Dawn of Classical Warfare to the End of the Second World War. New York: Da Capo Press, 1998.

Gander, Terry J., and Charles Q. Cutshaw, eds. Jane’s Infantry Weapons, 1999–2000. Coulsdon, Surrey, England: Jane’s Information Group, 1999.

Gardiner, Robert, and Arne Emil Christensen, eds. The Earliest Ships: The Evolution of Boats into Ships. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

George, James L. History of Warships: From Ancient Times to the Twenty-first Century. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1998.

Gray, Colin S., and Roger W. Barnett, eds. Seapower and Strategy. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1989.

Grbasic, Zvonimir, and Velimir Vuksic. The History of Cavalry. New York: Facts on File, 1989.

Greene, Jack, and Allessandro Massignani. Ironclads at War: The Origin and Development of the Armored Warship, 1854–1891. Pennsylvania: Combined Publishing, 1998.

Hartcup, Guy. The Silent Revolution: The Development of Conventional Weapons, 1945–1985. London: Brassey’s, 1993.

Hersh, Seymour M. Chemical and Biological Warfare: America’s Hidden Arsenal. Indianapolis, Ind.: Bobbs-Merrill, 1988.

Hogg, Ian V. Artillery 2000. New York: Sterling, 1990.

____________. The Story of the Gun. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.

____________. Tank Killing. New York: Sarpedon, 1996.

Hughes, Wayne P. Fleet Tactics. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1986.

Ireland, Bernard. Jane’s Battleships of the Twentieth Century. New York: HarperCollins, 1996.

Ireland, Bernard, Eric Grove, and Ian Drury. Jane’s War at Sea, 1897–1997. New York: HarperCollins, 1997.

Isby, David. Fighter Combat in the Jet Age. London: HarperCollins, 1997.

Köhler, Josef. Explosives. 4th ed. New York: VCH, 1993.

Laquer, Walter. Guerrilla Warfare: A Historical and Critical Study. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 1998.

Larsen, Jeffery A., et al., eds. Weapons of Mass Destruction: An Encyclopedia of Worldwide Policy, Technology, and History. 4 vols. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-Clio, 2004.

Lemish, Michael G. War Dogs: A History of Loyalty and Heroism. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s, 1999.

Levy, Beth, and Brian Solomon, eds. Chemical and Biological Warfare. New York: H. W. Wilson, 1999.

Macksey, Kenneth. Tank Versus Tank. New York: Crescent Books, 1991.

Massie, Robert K. Dreadnought: Britain, Germany, and the Coming of the Great War. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992.

Newman, Bob. Guerrillas in the Mist: A Battlefield Guide to Guerrilla Warfare. Boulder, Colo.: Paladin Press, 1997.

Norris, John. Artillery: An Illustrated History. New York: Sutton, 2000.

O’Malley, T. J., and Ray Hutchins. Artillery: Guns and Rocket Systems. Greenhill Military Manuals. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Paret, Peter, ed. Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Pringle, Laurence P. Chemical and Biological Warfare: The Cruelest Weapons. Springfield, N.J.: Enslow, 1991.

Rhodes, Richard. Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

____________. The Making of the Atomic Bomb. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986.

Rotblat, Joseph. Nuclear Weapons: The Road to Zero. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998.

Sharpe, Richard, ed. Jane’s Fighting Ships 1999–2000. 102d ed. Coulsdon, Surrey, England: Jane’s Information Group, 1999.

Sherrow, Victoria. The Making of the Atom Bomb. San Diego, Calif.: Lucent Books, 2000.

Shukman, David. Tomorrow’s War: The Threat of High-Technology Weapons. San Diego, Calif.: Harcourt Brace, 1996.

Swanborough, Gordon, and Peter Bowers. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1989.

Tunstall, Brian. Naval Warfare in the Age of Sail: The Evolution of Fighting Tactics. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1990.

Walter, John. The Modern Machine Gun. New York: Greenhill Books/Lionel Leventhal, 2000.

Waltz, Kenneth, and Scott Sagan. The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate. New York: W. W. Norton, 1995.

Watson, Bruce A. Sieges: A Comparative Study. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1993.

Yinon, Jehuda. Forensic and Environmental Detection of Explosives. Chichester, England: Wiley, 1999.