Bibliography for Summary

  • Last updated on November 11, 2022

This bibliography lists books containing substantial material about a wide variety of topics pertaining to the Renaissance.

General Studies and Reference Works

Bergin, Thomas G., and Jennifer Speake, eds. Encyclopedia of the Renaissance and the Reformation. Rev. ed. New York: Facts on File, 2004.

Brotton, Jerry. The Renaissance Bazaar: From the Silk Road to Michelangelo. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Burckhardt, Jacob. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. Introduction by Peter Gay, afterword by Hajo Holborn. New York: Modern Library, 2002.

Cameron, Euan, ed. Early Modern Europe: An Oxford History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Campbell, Gordon. The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Carney, Jo Eldridge, ed. Renaissance and Reformation, 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Dewald, Jonathan, ed. Europe, 1450-1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. 6 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2004.

Drees, Clayton J., ed. The Late Medieval Age of Crisis and Renewal, 1330-1500: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Grendler, Paul F. The Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students. 4 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2004.

_______, ed. Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. 6 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1999.

Hale, J. R. Renaissance Europe, 1480-1520. 2d ed. London: Blackwell, 2000.

Halecki, Oscar. Borderlands of Western Civilization: A History of Central-Western Europe. 2d ed. Edited by Andrew L. Simon. Safety Harbor, Fla.: Simon Publications, 2000.

Hillerbrand, Hans J. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation. 4 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Hinds, Kathryn. Life in the Renaissance. 4 vols. Tarrytown, N.Y.: Marshall Cavendish, 2004.

Lindberg, Carter. The European Reformations. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1996.

Pettegree, Andrew. Europe in the Sixteenth Century. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2002.

Rachum, Ilan. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. New York: Henry Holt, 1996.

Renaissance Europe, 1300-1600. Vol. 1 in Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. Detroit: Gale, 2004.

Rundle, David, ed. The Hutchinson Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1999.

Saari, Peggy, and Aaron Saari, eds. Renaissance & Reformation: Almanac. 2 vols. Detroit: UXL, 2002.

_______. Renaissance & Reformation: Biographies. 2 vols. Detroit: UXL, 2002.

_______. Renaissance & Reformation: Primary Sources. Detroit: UXL, 2002.

Taylor, Larissa J., ed. Great Events from History: The Renaissance & Early Modern Era, 1454-1600. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 2005.

_______. Great Lives from History: The Renaissance & Early Modern Era, 1454-1600. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 2005.

Thackeray, Frank W., and John E. Findling, eds. Events That Changed the World Through the Sixteenth Century. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2001.

Winks, Robin W., and Lee Palmer Wandel. Europe in a Wider World, 1350-1650. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Africa

Abun-Nasr, Jamil. A History of the Maghrib. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Anquandah, James. Rediscovering Ghana’s Past. Harlow, Essex, England: Longman, 1982.

Brooks, Lester. Great Civilizations of Ancient Africa. New York: Four Winds Press, 1971.

Chambers, Catherine. Looking Back: West African States Before Colonialism. London: Evans Brothers, 1999.

Clancy-Smith, Julia. North Africa, Islam, and the Mediterranean. London: Cass, 2001.

DeCorse, Christopher R. An Archaeology of Elmina: Americans and Europeans on the Gold Coast, 1400-1900. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2001.

Fage, J. D. A History of Africa. 4th ed. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Falola, Toyin. The History of Nigeria. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999.

_______, ed. African History Before 1885. Vol. 1 in Africa. Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, 2000.

Freeman-Grenville, G. S. P. The Swahili Coast, Second to Nineteenth Centuries: Islam, Christianity, and Commerce in Eastern Africa. London: Variorum Reprints, 1988.

Henze, Paul B. Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia. New York: Palgrave, 2000.

Holt, P. M., and M. W. Daly. A History of the Sudan. London: Longman, 1988.

Hunwick, John O. Timbuktu and the Songhay Empire. Boston: Brill, 1999.

Kusimba, Chapurukha M. The Rise and Fall of Swahili States. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press, 1999.

Northrup, David. Africa’s Discovery of Europe, 1450-1550. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Ogot, B. A., ed. African from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century. Vol. 5 in General History of Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Oliver, Roland, and Anthony Atmore. The African Middle Ages, 1400-1800. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Page, Willie F. Encyclopedia of African History and Culture. 3 vols. New York: Facts on File, 2001.

Petry, Carl F., ed. Islamic Egypt, 640-1517. Vol. 1 in The Cambridge History of Egypt. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Roese, Peter M., and D. M. Bondarenko. A Popular History of Benin: The Rise and Fall of a Mighty Forest Kingdom. New York: Peter Lang, 2004.

Saad, Elias. A Social History of Timbuktu: The Role of Muslim Scholars and Notables, 1400-1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Wilks, Ivor. Forests of Gold: Essays on the Akan and the Kingdom of Asante. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1993.

Wolf, John. The Barbary Coast and Algiers Under the Turks. New York: Norton, 1979.

Yahya, Dahiru. Morocco in the Sixteenth Century: Problems and Patterns in African Foreign Policy. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1981.

The Americas

Bakewell, P. J. A History of Latin America: c. 1450 to the Present. 2d ed. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2004.

Beardsell, Peter. Europe and Latin America: Returning the Gaze. New York: Manchester University Press, 2000.

Bolton, Herbert E. The Spanish Borderlands: A Chronicle of Old Florida and the Southwest. Reprint. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1996.

Brown, Ian W., ed. Bottle Creek: A Pensacola Culture Site in South Alabama. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2003.

Brundage, Burr C. A Rain of Darts: The Mexica Aztecs. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1973.

Clendinnen, Inga. Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniard in Yucatán, 1517-1570. 2d ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

D’Altroy, Terence N. The Incas. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2002.

Deagan, Kathleen A., ed. America’s Ancient City, Spanish St. Augustine: 1565-1763. New York: Garland, 1991.

Diffie, Bailey W. A History of Colonial Brazil, 1500-1792. Malabar, Fla.: Robert E. Krieger, 1987.

Farriss, Nancy M. Maya Society Under Colonial Rule: The Collective Enterprise of Survival. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Fergusson, Erna. New Mexico: A Pageant of Three Peoples. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1973.

Francis, R. Douglas, Richard Jones, and Donald B. Smith. Origins: Canadian History to Confederation. 5th ed. Scarborough, Ont.: Nelson Canada, 2004.

Hemming, John. The Conquest of the Incas. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1970.

Leon-Portilla, Miguel, ed. The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992.

Longhena, Maria. Ancient Mexico: The History and Culture of the Maya, Aztecs, and Other Pre-Columbian Peoples. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1998.

McInnis, Edgar, with Michael Horn. Canada: A Political and Social History. 4th ed. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston of Canada, 1982.

Miller, Lee. Roanoke: Solving the Mystery of the Lost Colony. New York: Penguin Books, 2002.

Naipaul, V. S. The Loss of El Dorado: A Colonial History. New York: Vintage, 2003.

Prescott, William H. History of the Conquest of Peru. London: Phoenix Press, 2002.

Rountree, Helen C. Pocahontas’ People: The Powhatan Indians of Virginia Through Four Centuries. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.

Sauer, Carl O. Sixteenth Century North America: The Land and the Peoples as Seen by the Europeans. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.

Stannard, David E. American Holocaust: Columbus and the Conquest of the New World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Stick, David. Roanoke Island: The Beginnings of English America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.

Townsend, Richard F. The Aztecs. Rev. ed. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2000.

Art and Architecture

Asher, Catherine B. Architecture of Mughal India. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Bambach, Carmen, Hugo Chapman, Martin Clayton, and George Goldner. Correggio and Parmigianino: Master Draftsmen of the Renaissance. London: British Museum Press, 2000.

Barnhart, Richard M., et al. The Jade Studio: Masterpieces of Ming and Qing Painting and Calligraphy from the Wong Nan-p’ing Collection. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1994.

Barral i Altet, Xavier, ed. Art and Architecture of Spain. Boston: Little, Brown, 1998.

Baxandall, Michael. Painting and Experience in Fifteenth-Century Italy: A Primer in the History of Pictorial Style. 2d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Beach, Milo Cleveland. Mughal and Rajput Painting. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Beck, James. Italian Renaissance Painting. 2d ed. Cologne, Germany: Könemann, 1999.

Benevolo, Leonardo. The Architecture of the Renaissance. 2 vols. Reprint. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Blair, Sheila A. S., and Jonathan Bloom. The Art and Architecture of Islam, 1250-1800. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1994.

Blunt, Anthony. Art and Architecture in France, 1500-1700. 5th ed. Revised by Richard Beresford. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1999.

Borchert, Till, ed. The Age of Van Eyck: The Mediterranean World and Early Netherlandish Painting, 1430-1530. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2002.

Bosch, Hieronymus, et al. Hieronymus Bosch: The Complete Paintings and Drawings. Translated by Ted Alkins. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001.

Boucher, Bruce. Andrea Palladio: The Architect in His Time. Rev. and updated ed. New York: Abbeville Press, 1998.

Buck, Stephanie, and Jochen Sander. Hans Holbein the Younger: Painter at the Court of Henry VIII. London: Thames & Hudson, 2004.

Butterfield, Andrew. The Sculptures of Andrea del Verrocchio. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1997.

Campbell, L. The Fifteenth Century Netherlandish Schools. London: National Gallery Publications, 1998.

Canby, Sheila R. The Golden Age of Persian Art: 1501-1722. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.

Chang, Joseph, and Qianshen Ba. In Pursuit of Heavenly Harmony: Paintings and Calligraphy by Bada Shanren from the Estate of Wang Fangyu and Sum Wai. Washington, D.C.: Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, 2003.

Christensen, Carl C. Art and the Reformation in Germany. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1979.

Davies, David, ed. El Greco. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2003.

De Vecchi, Pierluigi. Raphael. New York: Abbeville Press, 2002.

Gardner, Helen, et al. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages. 11th ed. Fort Worth, Tex.: Harcourt College, 2001.

Garlake, Peter. Early Art and Architecture of Africa. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Gill, Anton. Il Gigante: Michelangelo, Florence, and the David, 1492-1504. New York: T. Dunne Books, 2003.

Grafton, Anthony. Leon Battista Alberti: Master Builder of the Italian Renaissance. New York: Harvard University Press, 2002.

Hall, Marcia. Michelangelo: The Frescoes of the Sistine Chapel. New York: Abrams, 2002.

Hartt, Frederick, and David G. Wilkins. History of Italian Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture. 5th ed. New York: H. N. Abrams, 2003.

Hopkins, Andrew. Italian Architecture: From Michelangelo to Borromini. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2002.

Howard, Deborah, and Sarah Quill. The Architectural History of Venice. Rev. and enlarged ed. with new photographs. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2002.

Humphrey, Peter, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Giovanni Bellini. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Janson, H. W., and Anthony F. Janson History of Art. 6th ed. 2 vols. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001.

Kanter, Laurence B., Hilliard T. Goldfarb, and James Hankins. Botticelli’s Witness: Changing Style in a Changing Florence. Boston: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, 1997.

Krischel, Roland. Jacopo Tintoretto, 1519-1594. Translated by Anthea Bell. Köln, Germany: Könemann, 2000.

Lavin, Marilyn Aronberg. Piero della Francesca. New York: Phaidon, 2002.

Lotz, Wolfgang. Architecture in Italy, 1500-1600. Translated by Marty Hottinger. Introduction by Deborah Howard. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1995.

Marani, Pietro C. Leonardo da Vinci: The Complete Paintings. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.

Markschies, Alexander. Icons of Renaissance Architecture. New York: Prestel, 2003.

Meilman, Patricia, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Titian. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Mitchell, George. Architecture and Art of Southern India: Vijanagara and the Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Morse, Anne Nishimura. Japanese Art in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1998.

Mowry, Robert D. China’s Renaissance in Bronze: The Robert H. Clague Collection of Later Chinese Bronzes, 1100-1900. Phoenix, Ariz.: Phoenix Art Museum, 1993.

Pächt, Otto. Venetian Painting in the Fifteenth Century: Jacopo, Gentile, and Giovanni Bellini, and Andrea Mantegna. Edited by Margareta Vyoral-Tschapka and Michael Pächt. Translated by Fiona Elliott. London: Harvey Miller, 2003.

Phillips, Quitman E. The Practices of Painting in Japan, 1475-1500. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2000.

Phillips, Tom, ed. Africa: The Art of a Continent. New York: Prestel, 1995.

Price, David Hotchkiss. Albrecht Dürer’s Renaissance: Humanism, Reformation, and the Art of Faith. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003.

Richter, Gottfried. The Isenheim Altar: Suffering and Salvation in the Art of Grünewald. Translated by Donald Maclean. Edinburgh, Scotland: Floris Books, 1998.

Roberts-Jones, Philippe, and Françoise Roberts-Jones. Pieter Bruegel. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2002.

Rosand, David. Painting in Sixteenth-Century Venice: Titian, Veronese, Tintoretto. Rev. ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Sadao, Tsuneko S., and Stephanie Wada. Discovering the Arts of Japan: A Historical Overview. New York: Kodansha International, 2003.

Snyder, James. Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350 to 1575. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1985.

Tatton-Brown, Tim, and Richard Mortimer, eds. Westminster Abbey: The Lady Chapel of Henry VII. Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell Press, 2003.

Visonà, Monica Blackmun, et al. A History of Art in Africa. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001.

Wittkower, Rudolf, Joseph Connors, and Jennifer Montagu. Art and Architecture in Italy, 1600-1750. 6th ed. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1999.

British Isles

Alford, Stephen. Kingship and Politics in the Reign of Edward VI. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Bevan, Bryan. Henry VII: The First Tudor King. London: Rubicon Press, 2000.

Black, Jeremy. A New History of Wales. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Sutton, 2000.

Brigden, Susan. London and the Reformation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Bucholz, Robert, and Newton Key. Early Modern England: 1485-1714, A Narrative History. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 2004.

Canny, Nicholas. Making Ireland British, 1580-1650. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Doran, Susan. England and Europe in the Sixteenth Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

_______. Queen Elizabeth I. New York: New York University Press, 2003.

Duffy, Sean. An Illustrated History of Ireland. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002.

Gill, Louise. Richard III and Buckingham’s Rebellion. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Sutton, 1999.

Graves, Michael A. R. Henry VIII: A Study in Kingship. London: Pearson Longman, 2003.

Haynes, Alan. The Gunpowder Plot: Faith in Rebellion. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Sutton, 1994.

Hicks, Michael. English Political Culture in the Fifteenth Century. New York: Routledge, 2002.

_______. The Wars of the Roses, 1455-1485. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Loades, David. Chronicles of the Tudor Queens. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Sutton, 2002.

Ridley, Jasper. A Brief History of the Tudor Age. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2002.

Shagan, Ethan H. Popular Politics and the English Reformation. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Smith, Lacey Baldwin. This Realm of England, 1399 to 1688. Vol. 2 in A History of England, edited by Lacey Baldwin Smith. 7th ed. Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath, 1996.

Solt, Leo F. Church and State in Early Modern England, 1509-1640. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Starkey, David. Six Wives: The Queens of Henry VIII. New York: HarperCollins, 2003.

Central Asia

Allworth, Edward A. The Modern Uzbeks: From the Fourteenth Century to the Present: A Cultural History. Stanford, Calif.: The Hoover Institute, 1990.

Burton, Audrey. The Bukharans: A Dynastic, Diplomatic, and Commercial History, 1550-1702. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.

Franck, Irene M., and David M. Brownstone. The Silk Road: A History. New York: Facts on File, 1986.

Grousset, René. The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia. Translated by Naomi Walford. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1970.

Kalter, Johannes, and Margareta Pavaloi. Uzbekistan: Heir to the Silk Road. New York: W. W. Norton, 1997.

McCauley, Martin. Afghanistan and Central Asia: A Short History. Boston: Pearson Longman, 2002.

China

Chan, Albert. The Glory and Fall of the Ming Dynasty. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982.

Dreyer, Edward L. Early Ming China: A Political History, 1355-1435. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1982.

Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. The Cambridge Illustrated History of China. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Fairbank, John King, and Merle Goldman. China: A New History. Enlarged ed. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Franck, Irene M., and David M. Brownstone. The Silk Road: A History. New York: Facts on File, 1986.

Gernet, Jacques. A History of Chinese Civilization. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Hook, Brian, and Denis Twitchett, eds. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of China. 2d ed. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Huang, Ray. 1587, A Year of No Significance: The Ming Dynasty in Decline. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1981.

Hucker, Charles O. The Ming Dynasty: Its Origins and Evolving Institutions. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, the University of Michigan, 1978.

Lach, Donald. Asia in the Making of Europe. 3 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965-1993.

Mote, Frederick W. Imperial China, 900-1800. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Paludan, Ann. Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors. The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers of Imperial China. London: Thames and Hudson, 1998.

Ricci, Matteo. China in the Sixteenth Century: The Journals of Matteo Ricci, 1583-1610. Translated by Louis J. Gallagher, foreword by Richard J. Cushing, Archbishop of Boston. New York: Random House, 1953.

Spence, Jonathan D. The Search for Modern China. 2d ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1999.

Twitchett, Denis, and Frederick W. Mote, eds. The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644. Vol 7 in The Cambridge History of China. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Zhu, Dongyun. Biography of Zhang Juzheng. Shanghai: Shanghai Press, 1989.

East Central Europe

Lendvai, Paul. The Hungarians: A Thousand Years of Victory in Defeat. Translated by Ann Major. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Sadoveanu, Mihail. The Life of Stephen the Great. Vol. 3 in Classics of Romanian Literature. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Sedlar, Jean W. East Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000-1500. Vol. 3 in A History of East Central Europe. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.

Engel, Pál. The Realm of St. Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895-1526. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2001.

Sugar, Peter F. Southeastern Europe Under Ottoman Rule, 1354-1804. Vol. 5 in A History of East Central Europe. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1977.

Sugar, Peter F., Peter Hanak, and Tibor Frank, eds. A History of Hungary. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.

Varga, Domokos G. Hungary in Greatness and Decline: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. Translated by Martha S. Liptaks. Budapest: Corvina Kiadó, 1982.

Education and Scholarship.

See also Philosophy

Bejczy, István. Erasmus and the Middle Ages: The Historical Consciousness of a Christian Humanist. Boston: Brill, 2001.

Black, Robert. Humanism and Education in Medieval and Renaissance Italy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Bushnell, Rebecca W. A Culture of Teaching: Early Modern Humanism in Theory and Practice. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1996.

Grafton, Anthony. Joseph Scaliger: A Study in the History of Classical Scholarship. 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983-1994.

Grafton, Anthony, and Lisa Jardine. From Humanism to the Humanities. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Grendler, Paul F. Schooling in Renaissance Italy: Literacy and Learning, 1300-1600. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.

Kallendorf, Craig W., ed. and trans. Humanist Educational Treatises. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002.

Morris, Jan, ed. The Oxford Book of Oxford. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Pfeiffer, Rudolf. History of Classical Scholarship from 1300 to 1850. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Schoeck, R. J. Erasmus of Europe: The Making of a Humanist, 1467-1500. 2 vols. Savage, Md.: Barnes & Noble Books, 1990.

Exploration

Adorno, Rolena, and Patrick Charles Pautz. Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca: His Account, His Life, and the Expedition of Pánfilo de Narváez. 3 vols. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993.

Arciniegas, Germán. Why America? Five Hundred Years of a Name: The Life and Times of Amerigo Vespucci. Translated by Harriet de Onís. 2d ed. Bogotá, Colombia: Villegas Editores, 2002.

Aronson, Marc. Sir Walter Ralegh and the Quest for El Dorado. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.

Bawlf, Samuel. The Secret Voyage of Sir Francis Drake, 1577-1580. Vancouver, B.C.: Douglas & McIntyre, 2003.

Bergreen, Laurence. Over the Edge of the World: Magellan’s Terrifying Circumnavigation of the Globe. New York: William Morrow, 2003.

Cieza de León, Pedro de. The Discovery and Conquest of Peru: Chronicles of the New World Encounter. Edited and translated by Alexandra Parma Cook and Noble David Cook. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1998.

Cortés, Hernán. Letters from Mexico. Translated and edited by A. R. Pagden. New York: Grossman, 1971.

Coulter, Tony. Jacques Cartier, Samuel de Champlain, and the Explorers of Canada. New York: Chelsea House, 1993.

Cuyvers, Luc. Into the Rising Sun: Vasco da Gama and the Search for the Sea Route to the East. New York: TV Books, 1999.

Firstbrook, Peter. The Voyage of the Matthew: John Cabot and the Discovery of North America. London: BBC Books, 1997.

Flint, Richard, and Shirley Cushing Flint, eds. The Coronado Expedition: From the Distance of 460 Years. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2003.

Fuson, Robert H. Juan Ponce de Léon and the Spanish Discovery of Puerto Rico and Florida. Blacksburg, Va.: McDonald & Woodward, 2000.

Hudson, Charles. Knights of Spain, Warriors of the Sun: Hernando de Soto and the South’s Ancient Chiefdoms. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1997.

Lehane, Brendan. The Northwest Passage. Alexandria, Va.: Time-Life Books, 1981.

McDermott, James. Martin Frobisher: Elizabethan Privateer. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2001.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Great Explorers: The European Discovery of America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

_______. Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus. Rev. ed. New York: Book-of-the-Month Club, 1992.

Parry, J. H. The Discovery of South America. New York: Taplinger, 1979.

Winius, George D., ed. Portugal, the Pathfinder: Journeys from the Medieval Toward the Modern World, 1300-ca. 1600. Madison, Wis.: Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, 1995.

Wright, Louis B. West and by North: North America Seen Through the Eyes of Its Seafaring Discoverers. New York: Delacorte Press, 1971.

France

Baumgartner, Frederic. France in the Sixteenth Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.

Garrisson, Janine. A History of Sixteenth-Century France, 1483-1598. Translated by Richard Rex. London: Macmillan, 1995.

Heller, Henry. Iron and Blood: Civil Wars in Sixteenth Century France. Montreal, Que.: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1991.

Holt, Mack P. The French Wars of Religion, 1562-1629. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

_______. Renaissance and Reformation France. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Knecht, R. J. Catherine de’ Medici. New York: Longman, 1998.

_______. French Renaissance Monarchy: Francis I and Henry II. 2d ed. New York: Longman, 1996.

Love, Ronald S. Blood and Religion: The Conscience of Henri IV, 1553-1593. Ithaca, N.Y.: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2001.

Mentzer, Raymond A., and Andrew Spicer, eds. Society and Culture in the Huguenot World, 1559-1685. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Potter, David. A History of France, 1460-1560: The Emergence of a Nation State. Basingstoke, Hampshire, England: Macmillan, 1995.

Vaughan, Richard. Charles the Bold: The Last Valois Duke of Burgundy. New ed. Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell & Brewer, 2004.

Holy Roman Empire, Germany, and Austria

Blockmans, Wim. Emperor Charles V, 1500-1558. Translated by Isola van den Hoven-Vardon. London: Arnold, 2002.

Brook-Shepherd, Gordon. The Austrians: A Thousand Year Odyssey. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1996.

Detwiler, Donald S. Germany: A Short History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1976.

Fichtner, Paula Sutter. Ferdinand I of Austria: The Politics of Dynasticism in the Age of the Reformation. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982.

_______. The Habsburg Monarchy, 1490-1848: Attributes of Empire. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Fulbrook, Mary. A Concise History of Germany. 2d ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Hsia, R. Po-chin. The German People and the Reformation. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1988.

Hughes, Michael. Early Modern Germany, 1477-1806. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1992.

Maehl, William H. Germany in Western Civilization. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1979.

Maltby, William. The Reign of Charles V. New York: Palgrave, 2002.

Okey, Robin. The Habsburg Monarchy: From Enlightenment to Eclipse. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Scribner, R. W., and C. Scott Dixon. The German Reformation. 2d ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Stayer, James M. The German Peasants’ War and the Anabaptist Community of Goods. Montreal, Que.: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1991.

India

Ahmad, Aziz. Studies in Islamic Culture in the Indian Environment. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Bābur. The Bāburnāma. Edited and translated by Wheeler M. Thackston. Introduction by Salman Rushdie. New York: Modern Library, 2002.

Chandra, Satish. Essays on Medieval Indian History. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Eraly, Abraham. The Last Spring: The Lives of the Great Mughals. New Delhi, India: Viking, 1997.

Erskine, William. A History of India Under the Two First Sovereigns of the House of Taimur, Baber and Humayun. New York: Barnes and Nobles, 1972.

Foltz, Richard C. Mughal India and Central Asia. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Jayapalan, N. Medieval History of India. Delhi, India: Atlantic, 2001.

Karashima, Noboru. Towards a New Formation: South Indian Society Under Vijayanagar Rule. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Keay, John. A History of India. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2000.

Khan, Iqtidar Alam. Akbar and His Age. New Delhi, India: Northern Book Centre, 1999.

Pearson, M. N. The Portuguese in India. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Richards, John F. The Mughal Empire. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Sarkar, Jadunath. The Muslim Period, 1200 A.D.-1757 A.D. Vol.2 in The History of Bengal. Delhi, India: B.R. Publishing, 2003.

Shastry, B. S. Goa-Kanara Portuguese Relations, 1498-1763. Edited by Charles J. Borges. New Delhi, India: Concept, 2000.

Stein, Burton. Vijayanagara. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Streusand, Douglas E. The Formation of the Mughal Empire. Paperback ed. Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Wolpert, Stanley. A New History of India. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Ziad, Zeenut, ed. The Magnificent Mughals. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Invention and Technology.

See also Science

Basalla, George. The Evolution of Technology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Dohrn-van Rossum, Gerhard. History of the Hour: Clocks and Modern Temporal Orders. Translated by Thomas Dunlap. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Hammond, John H. The Camera Obscura. Bristol, England: Adam Hilger, 1981.

Lane, Frederic Chapin. Venetian Ships and Shipbuilders of the Renaissance. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Misa, Thomas J. Leonardo to the Internet: Technology and Culture from the Renaissance to the Present. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Petroski, Henry. The Pencil: A History of Design and Circumstance. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2003.

Wheatley, Joseph. Historic Sail: The Glory of the Sailing Ship from the Thirteenth to the Nineteenth Century. London: Greenhill Books, 2000.

Italy

Abulafia, David, ed. The French Descent into Renaissance Italy, 1494-1495: Antecedents and Effects. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1995.

Arbel, Benjamin. Cyprus, the Franks, and Venice, Thirteenth-Sixteenth Centuries. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2000.

Cohen, Elizabeth S., and Thomas V. Cohen. Daily Life inRenaissance Italy. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Connell, William J., ed. Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Fletcher, Stella, and Christine Shaw, eds. The World of Savonarola: Italian Elites and Perceptions of Crisis. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2000.

Greenblatt, Miriam. Lorenzo de Medici and Renaissance Italy. New York: Benchmark Books, 2003.

Hays, Denys, and John Law. Italy in the Age of the Renaissance, 1380-1530. New York: Longman, 1989.

Martines, Lauro. Power and Imagination: City States in Renaissance Italy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.

Morris, Jan. The Venetian Empire. London: Penguin Books, 1990.

Najemy, John M., ed. Italy in the Age of the Renaissance, 1300-1500. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Norwich, John Julius (Lord). A History of Venice. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982.

Pyle, Cynthia M. Milan and Lombardy in the Renaissance: Essays in Cultural History. Rome: La Fenice, 1997.

Rowland, Ingrid D. The Culture of the High Renaissance: Ancients and Moderns in Sixteenth Century Rome. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Stinger, Charles L. The Renaissance in Rome. 1st paperback ed. with a new preface by the author. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

Japan

Beasley, W. G. The Japanese Experience: A Short History of Japan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Berry, Mary E. The Culture of Civil War in Kyoto. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

_______. Hideyoshi. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990.

Bowring, Richard, and Peter Kornicki. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Japan. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Bryant, Anthony. Sekigahara, 1600: The Final Struggle for Power. London: Osprey Books, 1996.

Hall, John W., et al., eds. Sengoku and Edo. Vol. 4 in The Cambridge History of Japan. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Hall, John W., and Toyoda Takeshi. Japan in the Muromachi Age. Cornell East Asia Series 109. Ithaca,N.Y.: East Asia Program, Cornell University, 2000.

Hall, John W., Nagahara Keiji, and Kozo Yamamura, eds. Japan Before Tokugawa: Political Consolidation and Economic Growth, 1500 to 1650. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1981.

Henshall, Kenneth G. A History of Japan: From Stone Age to Superpower. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Kang, Etsuko Hae-jin. Diplomacy and Ideology in Japanese-Korean Relations: From the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.

Kitagawa, Joseph. Religion in Japanese History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.

Lach, Donald. Asia in the Making of Europe. 3 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965-1993.

McMullin, Neil. Buddhism and the State in Sixteenth-Century Japan. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Murdoch, James. A History of Japan During the Century of Early Foreign Intercourse, 1542-1651. Vol. 2 in A History of Japan. Reprint. New York: Routledge, 1996.

Okakura, Kakuzo. The Book of Tea. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 1989.

Souyri, Pierre. The World Turned Upside Down: Medieval Japanese Society. Translated by K �the Roth. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.

Yu Song-nyong. The Book of Corrections: Reflections on the National Crisis During the Japanese Invasions of Korea, 1592-1598. Translated by Choi Byonghyon. Berkeley, Calif.: Institute of East Asian Studies, 2002.

Jewish Studies

Bonfil, Roberto. Jewish Life in Renaissance Italy. Translated by Anthony Oldcorn. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

_______. The World of the Renaissance Jew: The Life and Thought of Abraham ben Mordecai Farissol. Cincinnati, Ohio: Hebrew Union College Press, 1981.

Brooks, Andrée Aelion. The Woman Who Defied Kings: The Life and Times of Doña Gracia Nasi, a Jewish Leader During the Renaissance. St. Paul, Minn.: Paragon House, 2002.

Edwards, John, ed. and trans. The Jews in Western Europe, 1400-1600. New York: Manchester University Press, 1995.

Katz, Israel J., and M. Mitchell Serels, eds. Studies on the History of Portuguese Jews from Their Expulsion in 1497 Through Their Dispersion. New York: Sepher-Hermon Press, 2000.

Meyerson, Mark D. A Jewish Renaissance in Fifteenth Century Spain. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Netanyahu, Benzion. The Origins of the Inquisition in Fifteenth Century Spain. New York: Random House, 1995.

Paris, Erna. The End of Days: A Story of Tolerance, Tyranny, and the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1995.

Roth, Norman. Conversos, Inquisition, and the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.

Ruderman, David B. Essential Papers on Jewish Culture in Renaissance and Baroque Italy. New York: New York University Press, 1992.

Sapir Abulafia, Anna. Christians and Jews in the Twelfth Century Renaissance. London: Routledge, 1995.

Shulvass, Moses A. The Jews in the World of the Renaissance. Translated by Elvin I. Kose. Leiden, the Netherlands: Brill, 1973.

Korea

Kang, Etsuko Hae-jin. Diplomacy and Ideology in Japanese-Korean Relations: From the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.

Park, Yune-hee. Admiral Yi Sun-sin and His Turtleboat Armada. Seoul, Korea: Sinsaeng, 1973.

Yu Song-nyong. The Book of Corrections: Reflections on the National Crisis During the Japanese Invasions of Korea, 1592-1598. Translated by Choi Byonghyon. Berkeley, Calif.: Institute of East Asian Studies, 2002.

Law

Grewe, Wilhelm G. The Epochs of International Law. Translated and revised by Michael Byers. New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2000.

Janin, Hunt. Medieval Justice: Cases and Laws in France, England, and Germany, 500-1500. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2004.

Maitland, Frederic W., and Francis C. Montague. A Sketch of English Legal History. Edited by James F. Colby. Reprint. Union, N.J.: The Lawbook Exchange, 1998.

Meron, Theodor. War Crimes Law Comes of Age: Essays. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Witte, John, Jr. From Sacrament to Contract: Marriage, Religion, and Law in the Western Tradition. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press, 1997.

_______. Law and Protestanism: The Legal Teachings of the Lutheran Reformation. Foreword by Martin E. Marty. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Literature

Andrews, Walter, Najaat Black, and Mehmet Kalpakli. Ottoman Lyric Poetry: An Anthology. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1997.

Beecher, Donald, Massimo Ciavolella, and Roberto Fedi, eds. Ariosto Today: Contemporary Perspectives. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1985.

Berger, Harry. The Absence of Grace: Sprezzatura and Suspicion in Two Renaissance Courtesy Books. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2000.

Brand, C. P. Ludovico Ariosto: A Preface to the Orlando Furioso. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 1974.

Burke, Peter. The Fortunes of the Courtier: The European Reception of Castligione’s “Cortegiano.” University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.

Camões, Luis de, et al. Epic and Lyric. Edited by L. C. Taylor. Translated by Keith Bosley. Manchester, England: Carcanet, 1990.

Dudbridge, Glen. The His-yu Chi: A Study of Antecedents to the Sixteenth-Century Chinese Novel. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Field, P. J. C. The Life and Times of Sir Thomas Malory. Rochester, N.Y.: D. S. Brewer, 1999.

Freeman, Michael. François Villon in His Works: The Villian’s Tale. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000.

Günsberg, Maggie. The Epic Rhetoric of Tasso: Theory and Practice. Oxford, England: European Humanities Research Centre, Modern Humanities Research Association, 1998.

Hadfield, Andrew, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Spenser. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Hale, Thomas A. Scribe, Griot, and Novelist: Narrative Interpreters of the Songhay Empire. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1990.

Hampton, Timothy. Literature and the Nation in the Sixteenth Century: Inventing Renaissance France. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2001.

Horton, H. Mack. Song in an Age of Discord: The Journal of Sōchō and Poetic Life in Late Medieval Japan.Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2002.

Irele, F. Abiola, and Simon Gikandi, eds. The Cambridge History of African and Caribbean Literature. 2 vols. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Jaikishandas, Sadani, trans. Rosary of Hymns (Selected Poems) of Surdas. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern, 1991.

Keene, Donald. Seeds of the Heart: Japanese Literature from the Earliest Times to the Late Sixteenth Century. New York: Henry Holt, 1993.

Klein, Lisa M. The Exemplary Sidney and the Elizabethan Sonneteer. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1998.

Lewis, Bernard. Music of a Distant Drum: Classical Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew Poems. Princeton University Press, 2001.

Looney, Dennis. Compromising the Classics: Romance Epic Narrative in the Italian Renaissance. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1996.

McGinn, Donald J. Thomas Nashe. Boston: Twayne, 1981.

Malio, Nouhou, et al. The Epic of Askia Mohammed. Translated, edited, and annotated by Thomas A. Hale. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Maurreu, Pierre. The Image of Ivan the Terrible in Russian Folklore. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Monteiro, George. The Presence of Camões: Influences on the Literature of England, America, and Southern Africa. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1996.

Parente, James A., Jr., Richard Erich Schade, and George C. Schoolfield. Literary Culture in the Holy Roman Empire, 1555-1720. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

Parkin, John. Interpretations of Rabelais. Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press, 2002.

Qu, Xiaoqiang. Unsettled Questions in “The Journey to the West.” Chengdu, China: Sichuan People’s Press, 1994.

Rebhom, Wayne A. Courtly Performances: Masking and Festivity in Castiglione’s “Book of the Courtier.” Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1978.

Ronsard, Pierre de. Selected Poems. Translated and edited by Malcolm Quainton and Elizabeth Vinestock. London: Penguin Classics, 2002.

Sagarra, Eda, and Peter Skrine. A Companion to German Literature: From 1500 to the Present. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 1997.

Taylor, Jane H. M. The Poetry of François Villon: Text and Context. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Willett, Laura, ed. and trans. Poetry and Language in Sixteenth-Century France: Du Bellay, Ronsard, Sébillet. Toronto: Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2004.

Zegura, Elizabeth Chesney, ed. The Rabelais Encyclopedia. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004.

Malta

Bradford, Ernle. The Shield and the Sword: The Knights of St. John, Jerusalem, Rhodes, and Malta. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1973.

Goodwin, Stefan. Malta, Mediterranean Bridge. Westport, Conn.: Bergin & Garvey, 2002.

Mathematics

Burton, David M. The History of Mathematics: An Introduction. 5th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2003.

Field, J. V. The Invention of Infinity: Mathematics and Art in the Renaissance. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Gladstone-Millar, Lynne. John Napier: Logarithm John. Edinburgh: National Museums of Scotland, 2003.

Hay, Cynthia, ed. Mathematics from Manuscript to Print. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Neal, Katherine. From Discrete to Continuous: The Broadening of Number Concepts in Early Modern England. Boston: Kluwer Academic, 2002.

Medicine and Disease

Arrizabalaga, Jon, John Henderson, and Roger French. The Great Pox: The French Disease in Renaissance Europe. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1997.

Cantor, David, ed. Reinventing Hippocrates. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2002.

Carlino, Andrea. Books of the Body: Anatomical Ritual and Renaissance Learning. Translated by John Tedeschi and Anne C. Tedeschi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Debus, Allen G. The Chemical Philosophy: Paracelsian Science and Medicine in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications, 2002.

Eustachi, Bartolomeo. A Little Treatise on the Teeth: The First Authoritative Book on Dentistry (1563). Edited and introduced by David A. Chernin and Gerald Shklar. Canton, Mass.: Science History Publications, 1999.

Fenn, Elizabeth. Pox Americana. New York: Hill and Wang, 2001.

Fracastoro, Girolamo. Fracastoro’s “Syphilis”: Introduction, Text, Translations, and Notes with a Computer-Generated Word Index. Edited by Geoffrey Eatough. Liverpool, Lancashire, England: F. Cairns, 1984.

French, Roger. Ancients and Moderns in the Medical Sciences: From Hippocrates to Harvey. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 2000.

Friedman, Meyer, and Gerald W. Friedland. Medicine’s Ten Greatest Discoveries. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2000.

Furdell, Elizabeth Lane. Publishing and Medicine in Early Modern England. Rochester, N.Y.: University of Rochester Press, 2002.

Grell, Ole Peter, and Andrew Cunningham, eds. Medicine and the Reformation. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Harrison, Mark. Disease and the Modern World: 1500 to the Present Day. Malden, Mass.: Polity Press, 2004.

Huppert, George. After the Black Death: A Social History of Early Modern Europe. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

McConchie, Roderick W. Lexicography and Physicke: The Record Of Sixteenth-Century English Medical Terminology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Paracelsus. Four Treatises Together with Selected Writings. Birmingham, Ala.: Classics of Medicine Library, 1988.

Persaud, T. V. N. A History of Anatomy: The Post-Vesalian Era. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas, 1997.

Sawday, Jonathan. The Body Emblazoned: Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Stillwell, John Maxson. Paracelsus: His Personality and Influence as Physician, Chemist and Reformer. Belle-Fourche, S.D.: Kessinger, 1997.

Wear, A., R. K. French, and I. M. Lonie, eds. The Medical Renaissance of the Sixteenth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Middle East.

See also Ottoman Empire

Al-Rasheed, Madawi. A History of Saudi Arabia. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Fisher, Sydney Nettleton, and William Ochsenwald. The Middle East: A History. 6th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2004.

Jackson, Peter, ed. The Timurid and Safavid Periods. Vol. 6 in The Cambridge History of Iran. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Melville, Charles, ed. Safavid Persia: The History and Politics of an Islamic Society. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.

Peterson, J. E. Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia. Asian Historical Dictionaries 14. Washington, D.C.: Scarecrow Press, 1993.

Mughal Empire.

See India

Music

Apel, Willi. The History of Keyboard Music to 1700. Translated by Hans Tischler. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1972.

Arnold, Alison, ed. South Asia, The Indian Subcontinent. Vol. 5 in Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. New York: Garland, 2000.

Brown, Howard Mayer, and Louise K. Stein. Music in the Renaissance. 2d ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1999.

Cho, Gene J. The Discovery of Musical Equal Temperament in China and Europe in the Sixteenth Century. Studies in the History and Interpretation of Music 93. Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press, 2003.

Danielson, Virginia, Scott Marcus, and Dwight Reynolds, eds. The Middle East. Vol. 6 in Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. New York: Garland, 2002.

Fenlon, Iain. Music and Culture in Late Renaissance Italy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Hanning, Barbara Russano. Concise History of Western Music. 2d ed. New York: Norton, 2002.

Harley, John. William Byrd: Gentleman of the Chapel Royal. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1997.

Keister, Jay. Shaped by Japanese Music: Nagauta Shamisen in Tokyo. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Meconi, Honey. Pierre de la Rue and Musical Life at the Habsburg-Burgundian Court: Beginnings. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Nettle, Bruno, and Ruth M. Stone, eds. The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. New York: Garland, 1998- .

Ongaro, Giulio. Music of the Renaissance. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2003.

Owens, Jessie Ann. Composers at Work: The Craft of Musical Composition, 1450-1600. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Parker, Roger, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of Opera. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Perkins, Leeman L. Music in the Age of the Renaissance. New York: Norton, 1999.

Poulton, Diana. John Dowland. Rev. ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Sadie, Stanley, ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 2d ed. 29 vols. New York: Grove, 2001.

Stone, Ruth M., ed. Africa. Vol. 1 in Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. New York: Garland, 1998.

Whitwell, David. Aesthetics of Music in Sixteenth Century Italy, France, and Spain. Northridge, Calif.: Winds, 1996.

The Netherlands and Belgium

Blom, J. C. H., and Emil Lamberts. History of the Low Countries. Translated by James C. Kennedy. New York: Berghahn Books, 1999.

Darby, Graham, ed. The Origins and Development of the Dutch Revolt. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Israel, Jonathan. Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall, 1477-1806. Oxford, England: Clarendon, 1995.

Nicholas, David. Medieval Flanders. London: Longman, 1992.

Rady, Martyn. From Revolt to Independence: The Netherlands, 1550-1650. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1990.

Rowen, Herbert H., ed. The Low Countries in Early Modern Times. New York: Walker, 1972.

Schama, Simon. The Embarrassment of Riches: An Interpretation of Dutch Culture in the Golden Age. New York: Vintage, 1997.

Swart, K. W. William of Orange and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1572-84. Translated by J. C. Grayson, edited by R. P. Fagel, M. E. H. N. Mout, and H. F. K. van Nierop. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2003.

Ottoman Empire.

See also Middle East

Ahmed, S. Z. The Zenith of an Empire: The Glory of the Suleiman the Magnificent and the Law Giver. New York: Weatherhill, 2001.

Bicheno, Hugh. Crescent and Cross: The Battle of Lepanto, 1571. London: Cassell, 2003.

Bridge, Antony. Suleiman the Magnificent, Scourge of Heaven. New York: Franklin Watts, 1983.

Brumitt, Palmira. Ottoman Seapower and Levantine Diplomacy in the Age of Discovery. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.

Faroqhi, Suraiya. Subjects of the Sultan: Culture and Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2000.

Goffman, Daniel. The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe. London: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Imber, Colin. The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1650. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

McCarthy, Justin. The Ottoman Turks: An Introductory History to 1923. New York: Longman, 1997.

Somel, Selcuk Aksin. Historical Dictionary of the Ottoman Empire. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2003.

Turnbull, Stephen. The Ottoman Empire, 1326-1699. New York: Routledge, 2004.

The Papacy

Chamberlin, E. R. The Bad Popes. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Sutton, 2003.

Collins, Michael. The Fisherman’s Net: The Influence of the Papacy on History. Chester Springs, Pa.: Dufour Editions, 2003.

Coppa, Frank J., ed. Great Popes Through History: An Encyclopedia. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Maxwell-Stuart, P. G. Chronicles of the Popes. London: Thames & Hudson, 1997.

Rendina, Claudio. The Popes: Histories and Secrets. Translated by Paul D. McCusker. Santa Ana, Calif.: Seven Locks Press, 2002.

Setton, Kenneth M. The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571. 4 vols. Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society, 1984.

Shaw, Christine. Julius II: The Warrior Pope. London: Blackwell, 1997.

Wright, A. D. The Early Modern Papacy: From the Council of Trent to the French Revolution, 1564-1789. New York: Longman, 2000.

Philosophy

Berthrong, John H. Transformations of the Confucian Way. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998.

Bellitto, Christopher M., Thomas M. Izbicki, and Gerald Christianson, eds. Introducing Nicholas of Cusa: A Guide to a Renaissance Man. New York: Paulist Press, 2004.

Cophenhaver, Brian P., and Charles B. Schmitt. Renaissance Philosphy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Feng, Yu-lan. The Period of Classical Learning. Vol. 2 in A History of Chinese Philosophy. Translated by Derk Bodde. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983.

French, Peter A., Howard K. Wettstein, and Bruce Silver, eds. Renaissance and Early Modern Philosophy. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2002.

Gatti, Hilary, ed. Giordano Bruno: Philosopher of the Renaissance. Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate, 2002.

Gaukroger, Stephen. Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Early-Modern Philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Hartie, Ann. Michel de Montaigne: Accidental Philosopher. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Ivanhoe, Philip J. Ethics in the Confucian Tradition: The Thought of Mengzi and Wang Yangming. 2d ed. Indianapolis, Ind.: Hackett, 2002.

Kristeller, Paul Oskar. Renaissance Thought and Its Sources. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.

McConica, James, Anthony Quinton, Anthony Kenny, and Peter Burke. Renaissance Thinkers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Raffini, Christine. Marsilio Ficino, Pietro Bembo, Baldassare Castiglione: Philosophical, Aesthetic, and Political Approaches in Renaissance Platonism. New York: P. Lang, 1998.

Yamaki, Kazuhiko, ed. Nicholas of Cusa: A Medieval Thinker for the Modern Age. Richmond, Surrey, England: Curzon Press, 2002.

Poland

Jasienica, Pawel. Jagiellonian Poland. Translated by Alexander Jordan. Miami, Fla.: American Institute of Polish Culture, 1978.

Lukowski, Jerzy, and Hubert Zawadzki. A Concise History of Poland. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Tazbir, Janusz. Poland: A Rampart of Christian Europe. Warsaw, Poland: Interpress, 1987.

Political Science

Elton, Geoffrey R. The Tudor Constitution, Documents, and Commentary. 2d ed. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Fernández-Santamaría, J. A. The State, War, and Peace: Spanish Political Thought in the Renaissance, 1516-1559. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Kelly, Donald R. François Hotman: A Revolutionary’s Ordeal. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1972.

Mattingly, Garrett. Renaissance Diplomacy. New York: Dover Publications, 1988.

Myers, A. R. Parliaments and Estates in Europe to 1789. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975.

O’Donovan, Oliver, and Joan Lockwood O’Donovan, eds. From Irenaeus to Grotius: A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought, 100-1625. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 1999.

Pocock, J. G. A. The Machiavellian Moment: Florentine Political Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition. 2d ed. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Richardson, Glenn. Renaissance Monarchy: The Reigns of Henry VIII, Francis I, and Charles V. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Skinner, Quentin. Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction. Rev. ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

_______. The Foundations of Modern Political Thought. 2 vols. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

Tuck, Richard. Philosophy and Government, 1572-1651. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Viroli, Maurizio. Machiavelli. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Portugal

Anderson, James M. The History of Portugal. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Birmingham, David. A Concise History of Portugal. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Diffie, Bailey, and George D. Winius. Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977.

Gomes, Rita Costa. The Making of a Court Society: Kings and Nobles in Late Medieval Portugal. Translated by Alison Aiken. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Hanson, Carl. Atlantic Emporium: Portugal and the Wider World, 1147-1497. New Orleans: University Press of the South, 2001.

Marques, Antonio Henrique R. de Oliveira. History of Portugal. 2d ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1976.

Russell-Wood, A. J. R. The Portuguese Empire, 1415-1808: A World on the Move. Reprint. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.

Subrahmanyan, S. The Portuguese Empire in Asia. London: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Wheeler, Douglas L. Historical Dictionary of Portugal. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2002.

Printing and the Bible

Bennett, Adelaide Louise. Medieval Mastery: Book Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold, 800-1475. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2002.

Daniell, David. The Bible in English: Its History and Influence. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2003.

_______. William Tyndale: A Biography. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2001.

Edwards, Mark U. Printing, Propaganda, and Martin Luther. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Febvre, Lucien, and Henri-Jean Martin. The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing, 1450-1800. Translated by David Gerard, edited by Geoffrey Nowell-Smith and David Wooter. London: Foundations of History Library. 1997.

Lowry, Martin. The World of Aldus Manutius: Business and Scholarship in Renaissance Venice. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1979.

McGrath, Alister E. In the Beginning: The Story of the King James Bible and How It Changed a Nation, a Language, and a Culture. New York: Anchor Books, 2002.

Man, John. Gutenberg: How One Man Remade the World with Words. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002.

Moynahan, Brian. God’s Bestseller: William Tyndale, Thomas More, and the Writing of the English Bible—A Story of Martyrdom and Betrayal. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2003.

Rhodes, Neil, and Jonathan Sawday, eds. The Renaissance Computer: Knowledge Technology in the First Age of Print. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Religion and Theology

Atkinson, James. Martin Luther and the Birth of Protestantism. Reprint. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1981.

Brecht, Martin. Luther: His Road to the Reformation, 1483-1521. Translated by James L. Schaff. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985.

Burnett, Amy Nelson. The Yoke of Christ: Martin Bucer and the Christian Discipline. Kirksville: Northeast Missouri State University, 1994.

Cottret, Bernard. Calvin: A Biography. Translated by M. Wallace McDonald. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W. B. Eerdmans, 2000.

Criveller, Gianni. Preaching Christ in Late Ming China: Jesuits’ Presentation of Christ from Matteo Ricci to Giulio Aleni. Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China: Taipei Ricci Institute, 1997.

Davidson, Nicholas S. The Counter Reformation. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 1987.

Dobbins, James C. Jodo Shinshu: Shin Buddhism in Medieval Japan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2002.

Donnelly, John Patrick. Ignatius of Loyola: Founder of the Jesuits. New York: Longman, 2004.

Estep, William R. The Anabaptist Story: An Introduction to Sixteenth-Century Anabaptism. 3d rev. and enlarged ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 1996.

Fine, Lawrence. Physician of the Soul, Healer of the Cosmos: Isaac Luria and His Kabbalistic Fellowship. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2003.

Fisher, John. English Works of John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, 1469-1535: Sermons and Other Writings, 1520 to 1535. Edited by Cecilia A. Hatt. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Gordon, Bruce. The Swiss Reformation. New York: Manchester University Press, 2002.

Hillar, Marian, and Claire S. Allen. Michael Servetus: Intellectual Giant, Humanist, and Martyr. New York: University Press of America, 2002.

Howells, Edward. John of the Cross and Teresa of Avila: Mystical Knowing and Selfhood. New York: Crossroad, 2002.

Jedin, Hubert. The Medieval and Reformation Church: An Abridgment of “History of the Church.” Vol. 5. New York: Crossroad, 1993.

Jelsma, Auke. Frontiers of the Reformation: Dissidence and Orthodoxy in Sixteenth-Century Europe. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1998.

Kottman, Karl A., ed. Catholic Millenarianism: From Savonarola to the Abbé Grégoire. Vol. 2 in Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern European Culture. Boston: Kluwer, 2001.

Lonsdale, David. Eyes to See, Ears to Hear: An Introduction to Ignatian Spirituality. Rev. ed. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 2000.

Luebke, David M., ed. The Counter-Reformation: The Essential Readings. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 1999.

McKim, Donald K., ed. The Cambridge Companion to Martin Luther. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

McLeod, W. H. Guru Nānak and the Sikh Religion. Reprinted in Sikhs and Sikhism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Marshall, Rosalind K. John Knox. Edinburgh, Scotland: Birlinn, 2000.

Marty, Martin. Martin Luther. New York: Viking Penguin, 2004.

Naphy, William G. Calvin and the Consolidation of the Genevan Reformation. 1994. Reprint. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press, 2003.

Newman, Bruce. A Beginner’s Guide to Tibetan Buddhism. Ithaca, N.Y.: Snow Lion, 2004.

Null, Ashley. Thomas Cranmer’s Doctrine of Repentance: Renewing the Power to Love. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Olin, John C. Catholic Reform from Cardinal Ximenes to the Council of Trent. New York: Fordham University Press, 1990.

Ozment, Stephen B. Protestants: The Birth of a Revolution. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Prebish, Charles S. Historical Dictionary of Buddhism. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1993.

Reardon, Bernard M. G. Religious Thought in the Reformation. 2d ed. New York: Longman, 1995.

Ritters, Ronald K. The Reformation of the Keys: Confession, Conscience, and Authority in Sixteenth Century Germany. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Schaff, Philip. The Swiss Reformation. Vol. 8 in History of the Christian Church. 3d ed. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1996.

Seebohm, Frederic. The Oxford Reformers: John Colet, Erasmus, and Thomas More. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1971.

Wengert, Timothy J., ed. Harvesting Martin Luther’s Reflections on Theology, Ethics, and the Church. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W. B. Eerdmans, 2004.

Wilcox, Donald J. In Search of God and Self: Renaissance and Reformation Thought. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1975.

Wright, A. D. The Counter-Reformation: Catholic Europe and the Non-Christian World. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1982.

Wright, D. F., ed. Martin Bucer: Reforming Church and Community. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Russia

Bobrick, Benson. Fearful Majesty: The Life and Reign of Ivan the Terrible. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1987.

Bushkovitch, Paul. Religion and Society in Russia: The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Crummey, R. O. The Formation of Muscovy, 1304-1613. New York: Longman, 1987.

Dunning, Chester S. L. Russia’s First Civil War: The Time of Troubles and the Founding of the Romanov Dynasty. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.

Forsyth, James. A History of the Peoples of Siberia: Russia’s North Asian Colony, 1581-1990. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Hosking, Geoffrey. Russia and the Russians: A History. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Hunczak, Taras, ed. Russian Imperialism from Ivan the Great to the Revolution. Reprint. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2000.

Kappeler, Andreas. The Russian Empire: A Multiethnic History. Translated by Alfred Clayton. New York: Longman, 2001.

Riasanovksy, Nicholas V. A History of Russia. 6th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Ure, John. The Cossacks: An Illustrated History. New York: Penguin, 2002.

Zernov, N. Moscow, the Third Rome. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1971.

Science.

See also Invention and Technology

Christianson, John Robert. On Tycho’s Island: Tycho Brahe, Science, and Culture in the Sixteenth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Crane, Nicholas. Mercator: The Man Who Mapped the Planet. New York: H. Holt, 2003.

Crombie, A. C. Science in the Later Middle Ages and Early Modern Times. Vol. 2 in Augustine to Galileo. 2d rev. and enlarged ed. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979.

Dear, Peter Robert. Revolutionizing the Sciences: European Knowledge and Its Ambitions, 1500-1700. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Duncan, David Ewig. Calendar: Humanity’s Epic Struggle to Determine a True and Accurate Year. New York: Avon Books, 1998.

Faul, Henry. It Began with a Stone. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1983.

Ferguson, Kitty. Tycho and Kepler: The Unlikely Partnership That Forever Changed Our Understanding of the Heavens. New York: Walker, 2002.

Gatti, Hilary. Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Gross, John. Mapmaker’s Art: An Illustrated History of Cartography. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1995.

Henry, John. Knowledge Is Power: How Magic, the Government, and an Apocalyptic Vision Inspired Francis Bacon to Create Modern Science. Cambridge, England: Icon, 2004.

Jacob, James R. The Scientific Revolution: Aspirations and Achievements, 1500-1700. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1998.

Machamer, Peter, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Galileo. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Margolis, Howard. It Started with Copernicus. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002.

Oldroyd, D. R. Sciences of the Earth: Studies in the History of Mineralogy and Geology. Variorum Collected Studies Series CS 628. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1998.

Selin, Helaine, ed. Encyclopedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Boston: Kluwer Academic, 1997.

Silver, Brian L. The Ascent of Science. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

White, Michael. Leonardo: The First Scientist. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Southeast Asia

Andaya, Barbara Watson, and Leonard Y. A History of Malaysia. 2d ed. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2001.

Aung-Thwin, Michael A. Myth and History in the Historiography of Early Burma: Paradigms, Primary Sources, and Prejudices. Monographs in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series 102. Athens: Ohio University Center for International Studies, 1998.

Chandler, David. A History of Cambodia. 3d ed. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 2000.

Chapuis, Oscar. A History of Vietnam. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1995.

Hall, D. G. E. A History of South-East Asia. 4th ed. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1981.

Lieberman, Victor. Integration in the Mainland. Vol. 1 in Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800-1830. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Stuart-Fox, Martin. A History of Laos. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Wyatt, David K. Thailand: A Short History. 2d ed. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2003.

Spain

Anderson, James M. Daily Life During the Spanish Inquisition. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Edwards, John. The Spain of the Catholic Monarchs, 1474-1520. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 2000.

_______. The Spanish Inquisition. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Tempus, 1999.

Kamen, Henry. Empire: How Spain Became a World Power, 1492-1763. New York: Harper Collins, 2003.

_______. Spain, 1469-1714: A Society of Conflict. 2d ed. New York: Longman, 1991.

_______. The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1998.

Lynch, John. Spain 1516-1598: From Nation State to World Empire. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 1991.

Parker, Geoffrey. Philip II. 4th ed. Chicago: Open Court, 2002.

Payne, Stanley G. A History of Spain and Portugal. 2 vols. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1973.

Read, Jan. The Moors in Spain and Portugal. London: Faber & Faber, 1974.

Ruiz, Teofilo F. Spanish Society, 1400-1600. New York: Longman, 2001.

Weissberger, Barbara F. Isabel Rules: Constructing Queenship, Wielding Power. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Woodward, Geoffrey. Spain in the Reigns of Isabella and Ferdinand, 1474-1516. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1997.

Theater

Andrews, Richard. Scripts and Scenarios: The Performance of Comedy in Renaissance Italy. New York : Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Banham, Martin, ed. A History of Theatre in Africa. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Bloom, Harold, ed. Elizabethan Drama. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2004.

Bowers, Faubion. Japanese Theatre. 1952. Reprint. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1976.

Brandon, James R., ed. The Cambridge Guide to Asian Theatre. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Brandt, George W., ed. German and Dutch Theatre, 1600-1848. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Brereton, Geoffrey. French Comic Drama from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century. London: Methuen, 1977.

Brockett, Oscar, and Franklin J. Hildy. History of the Theatre. 9th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2003.

De Grazia, Margreta, and Stanley Wells, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Di Maria, Salvatore. The Italian Tragedy in the Renaissance: Cultural Realities and Theatrical Innovations. Lewisburg, Pa.: Bucknell University Press, 2002.

Fei, Faye Chunfang, ed. and trans. Chinese Theories of Theater and Performance from Confucius to the Present. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

Gurr, Andrew. The Shakespearean Stage, 1574-1642. 3d ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Henke, Robert. Performance and Literature in the Commedia Dell’arte. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Hochman, Stanley, ed. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Drama: An International Reference Work in Five Volumes. 2d ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1984.

Jondorf, Gillian. French Renaissance Tragedy: The Dramatic Word. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Kerr, David. African Popular Theatre: From Pre-Colonial Times to the Present Day. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann, 1995.

Leach, Robert, and Victor Borovsky. A History of Russian Theatre. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Leiter, Samuel L., ed. A Kabuki Reader: History and Performance. Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 2002.

Lunney, Ruth. Marlowe and the Popular Tradition: Innovation in the English Drama Before 1595. New York: Manchester University Press, 2002.

Mackerras, Colin, ed. Chinese Theater: From Its Origins to the Present Day. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1988.

Olsen, Kirstin. All Things Shakespeare: An Encyclopedia of Shakespeare’s World. 2 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Oz, Avraham, ed. Marlowe. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Rollyson, Carl, ed. Critical Survey of Drama. 2d rev. ed. 8 vols. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 2003.

Rosenblum, Joseph. Shakespeare. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 1998.

Wells, Stanley. Shakespeare: A Life in Drama. New York: W. W. Norton, 1996.

Trade and Commerce

Andrews, Kenneth R. Trade, Plunder, and Settlement: Maritime Enterprise and the Genesis of the British Empire, 1480-1630. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Bakewell, P. J. Silver Mining and Society in Colonial Mexico: Zacatecas, 1546-1700. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Blackburn, Robin. The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492-1800. London: Verso, 1997.

Bovill, E. W., and Robin Hallet. The Golden Trade of the Moors. 2d rev. ed. 1958. Reprint. Princeton, N.J.: Markus Weiner, 1999.

Bowen, H. V., Margarette Lincoln, and Nigel Rigby. The Worlds of the East India Company. Rochester, N.Y.: D. S. Brewer, 2002.

Brook, Timothy. The Confusion of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Brown, Jennifer S. H. Strangers in Blood: Fur Trade Company Families in Indian Country. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996.

Farrington, Anthony. Trading Places: The East India Company and Asia, 1600-1834. London: British Library, 2002.

Fisher, David Hackett. The Great Wave: Price Revolutions and the Rhythm of History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Foster, Nelson, and Linda S. Cordell, eds. Chilies to Chocolate: Foods the Americas Gave to the World. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1992.

Hicks, Michael. Bastard Feudalism. New York: Longman, 1995.

Klein, Herbert S. The Atlantic Slave Trade. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Loades, David. England’s Maritime Empire: Seapower, Commerce, and Policy, 1490-1690. New York: Longman, 2000.

Marks, Robert B. Tigers, Rice, Silk, and Silt: Environment and Economy in Late Imperial South China. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Middleton, John. African Merchants of the Indian Ocean: Swahili of the East African Coast. Long Grove, Ill.: Waveland Press, 2004.

Reese, Ted. Soft Gold: A History of the Fur Trade in the Great Lakes Region and Its Impact on Native American Culture. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 2001.

Stein, Stanley J., and Barbara Stein. Silver, Trade, and War: Spain and America in the Making of Early Modern Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

Thomas, Hugh. The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1440-1870. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.

Wallenstein, Immanuel. The Modern World-System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. New York: Academic Press, 1974.

Turkey.

See Ottoman Empire

Warfare

Arnold, Thomas F. The Renaissance at War. London: Cassell, 2001.

Chase, Kenneth. Firearms: A Global History to 1700. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Eltis, David. The Military Revolution in Sixteenth Century Europe. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1998.

Fernández-Armesto, Felipe. The Spanish Armada: The Experience of War in 1588. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Fissel, Mark Charles. English Warfare, 1511-1642. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Gommans, Jos. Mughal Warfare: Indian Frontiers and High Roads to Empire, 1500-1700. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Graff, David A., and Robin Higham, eds. A Military History of China. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 2002.

Guilmartin, John Frances. Gunpowder and Galleys: Changing Technology and Mediterranean Warfare at Sea in the Sixteenth Century. Rev. ed. Annapolis, Md.: United States Naval Institute Press, 2004.

Hall, Bert. Weapons and Warfare in Renaissance Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Norris, John. Artillery: A History. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Sutton, 2000.

Parker, Geoffrey. The Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Perrin, Noel. Giving Up the Gun: Japan’s Reversion to the Sword, 1543-1879. Boston: David R. Godine, 1979.

Powell, John, ed. Magill’s Guide to Military History. 5 vols. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 2001.

_______. Weapons and Warfare. 2 vols. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 2002.

Turnbull, Stephen R. Samurai: The World of the Warrior. London: Osprey Books, 2003.

Williams, Patrick. Armada. Charleston, S.C.: Tempus, 2000.

Women’s Studies

Beilen, Elaine. Redeeming Eve: Women Writers of the English Renaissance. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1987.

Blade, Melinda K. Education of Italian Renaissance Women. Rev. and corrected. Woman and History 21. Mesquite, Tex.: Ide, 1983.

Capp, B. S. When Gossips Meet: Women, Family, and Neighbourhood in Early Modern England. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Cass, Victoria Baldwin. Dangerous Women: Warriors, Grannies, and Geishas of the Ming. Lanham, Md.: Rowan & Littlefield, 1999.

Cohn, Samuel Kline. Women in the Streets: Essays on Sex and Power in Renaissance Italy. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Conn, Marie A. Noble Daughters: Unheralded Women in Western Christianity, Thirteenth to Eighteenth Centuries. Contributions to the Study of Religion 60. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Harris, Barbara J. English Aristocratic Women, 1450-1550: Marriage and Family, Property and Careers. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Jensen, Sharon L. The Monstrous Regiment of Women: Female Rulers in Early Modern Europe. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

King, Margaret L., and Albert Rabil, Jr., eds. and trans. Her Immaculate Hand: Selected Works by and About the Women Humanists of Quattrocento Italy. Asheville, N.C.: Pegasus Press, 2000.

Levin, Carole, et al. Extraordinary Women of the Medieval and Renaissance World: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Maclean, Ian. The Renaissance Notion of Woman: A Study in the Fortunes of Scholasticism and Medical Science in Europe Intellectual Life. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Meek, Christine, and Catherine Lawless, eds. Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players? Portland, Oreg.: Four Courts, 2003.

Mikesell, Margaret, and Adele Seeff, eds. Culture and Change: Attending to Early Modern Women. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2003.

Musacchio, Jacqueline Marie. The Art and Ritual of Childbirth in Renaissance Italy. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1999.

Nader, Helen, ed. Power and Gender in Renaissance Spain: Eight Women of the Mendoza Family, 1450-1650. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004.

Peters, Christine. Women in Early Modern Britain, 1450-1640. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Pitkin, Hanna Fenichel. Fortune Is a Woman: Gender and Politics in the Thought of Niccolò Machiavelli. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Sim, Alison. The Tudor Housewife. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Sutton, 1998.

Van Kirk, Sylvia. Many Tender Ties: Women in Fur-Trade Society. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1983.

Wheeler, Elizabeth Darracott. Ten Remarkable Women of the Tudor Courts and Their Influence in Founding the New World, 1530-1630. Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press, 2000.

Wiesner, Merry E. Working Women in Renaissance Germany. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1986.

Zahl, Paul F. M. Five Women of the English Reformation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 2001.

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