Child product safety laws, by requiring warning labels and prohibiting harmful components or design elements, protect young people from potentially dangerous toys and other products, while adding expenses to manufacturers creating and marketing those products.
Two important laws affecting child product safety are the
Children have been the innocent victims of illness, injuries, and even deaths resulting from the use of consumer products. Children’s products and toys are often manufactured in countries that do not comply with U.S. child product safety laws. More than 70 percent of the toys sold in the United States are manufactured overseas, with the majority imported from China. In addition, selective classification of products may also exclude products that are not intended for children’s use but that often fall into their hands. To ensure child product safety, the CPSC defines children’s products as items designed or intended for use by children twelve years of age or younger. Children’s toys are defined as products designed or intended for use in play by a child twelve years of age or younger. Child-care articles are defined as products designed or intended to facilitate sleep, the feeding of children, or young children’s suckling or teething.
In 2008, Congress passed a comprehensive consumer safety law, the
Felcher, E. M. “Product Recalls: Gaping Holes in the Nation’s Product Safety Net.” Journal of Consumer Affairs 37, no. 1 (2003): 170-180. Peterson, K. F. “A Clear and Present Danger: Consumer Product Safety and Recall.” Trial 44, no. 1 (2008): 9. Swartz, J. A. “Danger at Play: Inquisitive Children Invariably Handle the Products They Encounter in Their Homes.” Trial 39, no. 12 (2003): 40-44.
Chinese trade with the United States
Federal Trade Commission
Occupational Safety and Health Act