Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that forbids requiring excessive bail, imposing excessive fines, and inflicting cruel and unusual punishments.
The Eighth Amendment is derived almost verbatim from the English Bill of Rights (1689). Adopted in 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights, the amendment was intended to prohibit the abuse of federal government power, but the precise meaning of the amendment is unclear and requires interpretation by the Supreme Court.
The first two clauses of the Eighth Amendment (prohibiting excessive bail
The Court has taken a flexible interpretation of the cruel and unusual punishment clause, stating in Trop v. Dulles
Bill of Rights
Cruel and unusual punishment
Due process, procedural
Furman v. Georgia
Robinson v. California
Trop v. Dulles