Federalist Paper 10 was written by American statesman, diplomat and philosopher James Madison. The paper concerns the idea of how to make the perfect government.
The paper discusses how majority rule can cause problems because not everyone voting may have a full understanding of what they are voting for, therefore voting for something that could ultimately end up being detrimental. This can destroy democracies. Having a representative democracy instead means that ideas can be discussed by those who understand the issues, and also prevents one majority group being able to gain total control.