Enacted to reinforce and extend provisions of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Geary Act prevented further immigration from China and required established Chinese residents of the United States to carry certificates of residence. The act grew out of an assumption that low-wage Chinese laborers were responsible for the economic downturn in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.
Ancheta, Angelo N. Race, Rights, and the Asian American Experience. Piscataway, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2006. Kim, Hyung-chan. Asian Americans and the Supreme Court: A Documentary History. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992. Motomura, Hiroshi. Americans in Waiting: The Lost Story of Immigration and Citizenship in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Asiatic Exclusion League
Bayard-Zhang Treaty of 1888
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Fong Yue Ting v. United States
History of immigration after 1891
McCreary Amendment of 1893