Georgia was originally settled by immigrants from various parts of Europe. Later, slaves were brought in from Africa and the Caribbean. During the century following the Civil War, Georgia’s population declined, but during the late twentieth century, Asian immigrants arrived in the state, followed by large numbers of Mexicans.
The original inhabitants of Georgia were several Native American tribes: the Apalache in the south, the Yamasee along the coast, and
In 1731, the British crown granted a charter to a group of men led by General
Because of frequent attacks by the Spaniards and Indians, along with restrictions that made trade difficult and the establishment of large plantations impossible, most of the original colonists had left Georgia by 1743. However, after the original prohibition against
Meanwhile, after 1815,
After the Civil War (1861-1865), the hard-pressed planters made their land available for sharecropping, but tenants could barely survive on what they made, and the whites who went to work in the new cotton mills fared no better. As one of the poorest states in the Union, Georgia attracted few immigrants. Only metropolitan Atlanta offered some opportunities, at least for whites; the rest of the state remained in the grips of poverty, which was only intensified during the Great Depression of the 1930’s. After World War II, many black and some white Georgians fled to the North, where they could earn better wages as factory workers.
During the 1970’s, immigrants from
Cobb, James C. Georgia Odyssey. 2d ed. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2008. Coleman, Kenneth, ed. A History of Georgia. 2d ed. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991. Mohl, Raymond A. “Globalization, Latinization, and the Nuevo New South.” In Other Souths: Diversity and Difference in the U.S. South, Reconstruction to Present, edited by Pippa Holloway. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2008. Murphy, Arthur D., Colleen Blanchard, and Jennifer A. Hill, eds. Latino Workers in the Contemporary South. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001.
African Americans and immigrants