One of the most effective advocates for a strong and independent national government, Hamilton developed many of the arguments later used by Chief Justice John Marshall to establish the constitutional doctrines of judicial review, national supremacy, and the loose construction of the Constitution.
As an aide-de-camp and secretary to General George Washington during the American Revolution and later as a representative to the Congress of the Confederation, Hamilton saw at first hand the political, military, and economic weaknesses of confederation as a form of union. A delegate to the 1786 Annapolis convention (called to resolve trade disputes among the states), he was instrumental in having it recommend the calling of another convention to revise the Articles of Confederation. This led to the meeting of the Constitutional Convention
Hamilton’s most significant contributions to the Court were his arguments for judicial review
In McCulloch v. Maryland
Brookhiser, Richard. Alexander Hamilton: American. New York: Free Press, 1999. Cooke, Jacob E. Alexander Hamilton. New York: Scribner, 1982. McDonald, Forrest. Alexander Hamilton: A Biography. New York: Norton, 1982.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Marbury v. Madison