The Japanese American press provided a means whereby Japanese Americans dealt with the prejudicial treatment they received in America. The idea that the Nisei, or second-generation Japanese Americans, should embrace “Americanism” received major impetus. Newspapers also provided an outlet for incarcerated Issei, or first-generation Japanese immigrants, and Nisei during World War II.
The golden era of the Japanese American ethnic press occurred during the 1920’s and 1930’s, when the ethnic populations in West Coast cities had grown large enough to support several competing newspapers. The Los Angeles
Japanese American residents of Manzanar Relocation Center reading newspapers produced within the internment camp during 1943.
The Japanese-language papers also published articles in English, but not on a regular basis until 1925, in Nichi Bei. By this time, the publishers realized the need to cater to English-speaking
Several newspapers, especially Sakamoto’s Courier, fostered the attitude that an ethic of hard work and loyalty would lead to the eventual absorption of Japanese Americans into the mainstream of American life. The press was far from unified in reacting to the times, however. Whereas the
The Japanese press suffered severely in the aftermath of the Japanese
The Japanese American press was restored to vitality by the end of the war, with the new Nichi Bei Times established in 1946 to reconnect individuals separated by incarceration. As had the Nichi Bei Shinbun, the Times became the leading U.S. Japanese American newspaper.
Hosokawa, Bill. Nisei: The Quiet Americans. New York: William Morrow, 1969. Mizuno, Takeya. “The Federal Government’s Decisions in Suppressing the Japanese-Language Press, 1941-42.” Journalism History 33, no. 1 (2007): 14-23. Ng, Wendy. Japanese American Internment During World War II: A History and Reference Guide. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002. Yoo, David K. Growing Up Nisei: Race, Generation, and Culture Among Japanese Americans of California, 1924-49. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2000.
Chinese American press
Filipino American press
Japanese American Citizens League
Japanese American internment
Television and radio