Jefferson rejected the idea that the Supreme Court should have exclusive authority to decide questions of constitutionality. As a Democratic-Republican president, he attempted to counter the nationalist tendencies of the Court under Federalist chief justice John Marshall.
Jefferson was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1765. Three years later he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1776 Jefferson, a delegate to the Continental Congress, drafted the Declaration of Independence. Upon his return to Virginia, Jefferson was twice elected governor. He served as secretary of state under President George Washington from 1789 to 1794 and was elected vice president in 1796. In 1798 in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, Jefferson secretly drafted the Kentucky Resolves, which asserted that each state
During his two terms as president, Jefferson appointed three associate justices to the Court: William Johnson,
Jefferson’s most direct disagreement with the Court occurred over the power of judicial
Jefferson’s objections to the Marshall Court grew more vocal following his retirement from public office. He continued to oppose those decisions Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee
Ellis, Richard E. The Jefferson Crisis: Courts and Politics in the Young Republic. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. McDonald, Forrest. The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1976. Malone, Dumas. Thomas Jefferson and His Times. 6 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1948-1981.
Declaration of Independence
Marbury v. Madison
States’ rights and state sovereignty